Islamic Tafsīr, Qur'ān Commentary :

Select Primary and Secondary Sources

with occasional academic articles

IN PROGRESS  2009-10

Stephen Lambden (UC-Merced, USA).

The Web page(s) below are constantly under revision and updating. They will evolve into the bibliography of a forthcoming book about Islamic hermeneutics and Tafsīr  perhaps entitled Dimensions of Tafsīr ("Exegesis") and Ta'wīl ("Eisegesis") in Islamic Qur'ān Commentary, A Literary Survey and Bibliographical Handbook. This book will give special attention to attitudes about exterior (ẓāhir) and interior (bāṭin) dimensions of meaning within diverse approaches to Qur'ān commentary as illustrated within varieties of  Sunnī and Shī`ī Tafsīr and related literatures. It will attempt to give weight to those Islamic traditions (hadith, akhbar) and thinkers which sanction or put forth a deeper level of Qur'ānic understanding that may go beyond the merely literalistic. It will pay attention to those who have treasured both the straightforward senses of the Qur'ān and what might be its inner meanings or deeper senses. Corrections and suggested additions to these Web page(s) would be greatly welcomed - mailto:




Rippin, Α.,

Further URLs on this Website:


See also:īr-west.htm

The Blackwell Companion to the Qur'ān (= BCQ)

Rippin, Andrew (ed).

  • The Blackwell Companion to the Qur'ān (Series = Blackwell companions to Religion).  Oxford + Malden, MA : Blackwell Pub., 2006 ( xiii, 560 pp. ). Contains 32 articles by leading academics (560pp.)

Bibliographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy (= BEIP)

  • Bibliographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy (= BEIP), 2 vols. ed. Oliver Leaman. London, New York: thoemmes, 2006.  Contains some useful entries on key Tafsīr writers...


Cambridge History of Arabic Literature ( = CHAL vols. 1-6)

  • (CHAL1) Arabic literature to the end of the Umayyad period / edited by A. F. L. Beeston ... [et al.]. (Cambridge history of Arabic literature) Cambridge: New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983
  • (CHAL2) Abbasid belles-lettres. edited by Julia Ashtiany ... [et al.] (Cambridge history of Arabic literature) Cambridge [England]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990
  • (CHAL3) Young, M. J. L., A. D. Latham, and R. B. Serjeant, eds. Religion, learning and Science in the 'Abbasid Period. The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • (CHAL4) M. M. Baidawi, ed. Modern Arabic Literature. The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992 [1997]
  • (CHAL5) Maria Rosa Menocal; Raymond P. Scheindlin and Michael Sells, eds. The Literature of al-Andalus.. The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • (CHAL6) Roger Allen and D.S. Richards, eds. Arabic Literature in the Post-Classical Period. The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Cambridge Companion to the Qur'ān (= CCQ)

Jane Dammen McAuliffe, ed.

  • The Cambridge Companion to the Qur'ān. Cambridge: CUP., 2006.

Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature (= EAL)

  • EAL =Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature.  2 vols. ed. J. S. Meisami & P. Starkey.  London & New York: Routledge, 1998

Encyclopedia of Islam (= EI + EI2+ + EI2S )

The Encyclopaedia of Islam
  • EI = Encyclopedia of Islam.. (1st edition), ed. M. Th. Houtsma, et al. E.J. Brill & Luzac & co., 1913-1938. Rep.  E.J. Brill: New York..1987.
  • + Supp. vol. rep. Ibid., 1987.
  • El2 = Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, ed. H. A. R. Gibb et al., Leiden:E.J. Brill / London: Luzac, 1960> (CD rep. 1999> ongoing).
  •  EI2Supp. = EI2 vol. 12.

Encyclopedia Iranica (= EIr.)

  • EIr = Ehsan Yarshater, (ed.) Encyclopedia Iranica., Costa Mesa: Mazda Publisher New York: Bibliotheca Persica Press, 1982>

Encyclopedia of the Qur'ān (= E-Q 1-5+ Index vol.)

McAuliffe, Jane Dammen et. al. (eds.)

  • E-Q = Encyclopedia of the Qur’ān. Vols. 1-5, Leiden: Brill, 2001-5 *


  • Encyclopedia of Qur'ān: Index Volume.  Brill Academic Publishers, 2006 ., HBk. =  ISBN 9004147640

Encyclopedia of Religion.

Enc.Rel. =  Eliade, M. (et al., eds.) Encyclopedia of Religion. 16 vols in 8 Mac­Millan & Free Press: New York, 1987.*

Fihrist Ibn al-Nadim  (= Fihrist)

  • Kitāb al-Fihrist. Ed. Gustav Flügel. Leipzig 1871-72. I-II. (434 + 294 pp.) Repr. 2005 (Historiography and Classification of Science in Islam. 1-2). ISBN 3-8298-9003-6.

  • al-Fihrist li'l-Ibn al-Nadīm, ed. Shaykh Ibrahim Ramadan,  Beirut:  Dār al-Fatwa/ Dār al-Ma`rifat, 1417/1997. *

  • The Fihrist of al-Nadim; a tenth-century survey of Muslim culture. Bayard Dodge, editor and translator. (Records of civilization, sources and studies. no. 83) New York, Columbia University Press, 1970.  *


Brockelmann, Carl  (1868–1956).

  • GAL = Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur , 2 Vols. Leiden : E.J. Brill, 1st edition, 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1889-1936. 2nd ed. 2 vols. = 1943–1949.

  • GAL = Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur (GAL) ; erweitert um ein Vorwort von Jan Just Witkam. 2 vols. Leiden ; New York : E. J. Brill, 1996.

  • GAL-S =  Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur [Supplement vols. 1-3]. 2nd ed.  Leiden ; New York : E. J. Brill, 1996.

GAS (13 vols. to date) =

Sezgin, Fuat : The Turkish professor and the director of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt, Germany.

  • Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums. (German)  Leiden : E.J. Brill, 1967– 

  • Vol. 1. (1967) Qur'ānwissenschaften, Hadit Geschichte, Fiqh, Dogmatik,Mystik bis ca. 430 H. Rep. Leiden: Brill 1996 ISBN-10: 90 04 02007 1 ISBN-13 978 9004020 07 8 (xv+ 936 pp.).

  • Vol. 2. (1975) [1996] Poesie bis ca. 430 H. Rep. 1996 (xii+808 pp.)

  • Vol. 3. (1970) [1996] Medizin-Pharmazie, Zoologie-Tierheilkunde  bis ca. 430 H. (xxi+498 pp ), Rep. 1996

  • Vol. 4. (1971) [1996] Alchimie, Chemie, Botanik, Agrikultur bis ca. 430 H

  • Vol. 5. (1974) Mathematik bis ca. 430 H.

  • Vol. 6. (1978) Astronomie bis ca. 430 H. (xv +522pp.)

  • Vol. 7. (1979) [1997] Astrologie, Meteorologie und Verwandtes bis ca. 430 H.

  • Vol. 8. (1982) Lexikographie bis ca. 430 H. (xiii+389 pp.)

  • Vol. 9. (1984) Grammatik bis ca. 430 H. (xiii+406 pp ).

  • Vol. 10 (2000/2005) Mathematische Geographie Und Kartographie Im Islam Und Ihr Fortleben Im Abendland...= Eng. trans. `Mathematical Geography and Cartography in Islam and their Continuation in the Occident', vol. 1, Historical Presentation, Part 1, Frankfurt 2005.

  • Vol.11 (2XXX) + Vol.12 (2XXX) + Vol. 13 (2006)


JQS = Journal of Qur'ānic Studies. University of Edinburgh

The Qur'ān, An Encyclopedia + Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy (= Leaman, Q-Enc & BEIP)

Oliver Leaman,

  • The Qur'ān, An Encyclopedia (= Q-Enc). Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2005 . ISBN=  0415326397.*
  • Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic philosophy (=BEIP).
  • (ed. S.H, Nasr+ Oliver Leaman), The History of Islamic Philosophy (= HIP). 2 Pts (= Routledge History of World Philosophies, Vol.1), London and New York, 1996.   *

Medieval Islamic Civilization (= MIC., 2 vols. = MIC1 or MIC2)

Josef W. Meri (ed.)

  • Medieval Islamic Civilization, An Encyclopedia. 2 vols. New York, Abingdon (UK): Routledge, 2006. *
  • This important Encyclopedia contains much pertinent to Tafsīr studies...


Tradition and Survival (= TAS1)

Modarressi, Hossein.

  • Tradition and Survival, A bibliographical Survey of Early Shi'ite Literature, Vol.1 Oxford: Oneworld, 2003.*

Arabic Lithoraphed Books (= ALB).

Gacek, Adam.

  • Arabic Lithographed Books (= Fontanus Monograph Series VII) in the Islamic Studies Library McGill University, Descriptive Catalogue. Montreal: McGill University Library, 1996.*

Storey, C.A. (= Storey).

  • Persian Literature, A Biobibliographical Survey, Vol.1 Part 1. Qur'ānic Literature, History. London: Luzac, 1927-1039. Rep. 1970 (780pp.). *

Bregel, Yuri,

  • 1995 – Bibliography of Islamic Central Asia. compiled and edited by Yuri Bregel. Bloomington, IN : Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, Indiana University, 1995 (= Uralic and Altaic series ; v. 160), 3 vols.  



Select Arabic, Persian and Turkish sources with notice of occasional academic articles.


`Abduh, Muhammad (1266-1323 AH = 1849-1905 CE)

  Egyptian religious scholar and reformer. A key fīgure in the emergence of Islamic modernism and grand mufti of al-Azhar.


  • Tafsīr al-Fātiḥah lil-Imām Muḥammad ʻAbduh. al-Jamāmīz [Cairo] : Maktabat al-Ādāb wa Maṭbaʻatuhā, 1986. ( 127 pp.)  ISBN: 977472027X

  • al-A`māl al-Kāmila li'l-Imām  Shaykh Muhammad Abduh.  ADD HERE,  XXXX/1974. .

  • al-A`māl al-Kāmila li'l-Imam  al-Shaykh Muhammad Abduh.  5 vols. Ed. Dr. Muhammad `Imarah.  Beirut: Dār al-Shurūq, 1414/1993. Qur'ān interpretation is fundamental to certain of these volumes. *

محمد رشيد رضا

Tafsir al Manar (1/12 w/indices)  فسير المنار

+ Muhammad Rashid Ridā' (1865-1935), the Syrian Islamic reformer and disciple of Abduh who lived in Egypt from 1897. 

Skovgaard-Petersen J.

`Portrait of the Intellectual as a Young Man: Rashd Rid's Muhwart al-muslih wa-al-muqallid (1906)' in Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, Vol. 12/1, (2001), pp. 93-104(12). 


"Rashd Ridā's ideas and ideals of the intellectual are to be found pre-eminently in a work serialized in Al-Manār, in 1901, called Muhwart al-muslih wa-al-muqallid (The Debates of the Reformer and the Traditionalist). This work contains much of Ridā's thinking on religious reform. A very interesting aspect of the work is that it is a work of fiction. It is Ridā's only experiment with fiction, and its aim is to furnish the reader with a portrait of the model Muslim intellectual. The Muhwart can be taken as an example of a representation of a decidedly modernist Muslim intellectual whom the readers of Al-Manār are invited to identify with and take as a role model."

  • تفسير المنار = تفسير محمد رشيد رضا

  • Tafsīr al-Fātiḥah. n. p. n.d.  1323 /1905  (104 pp. ).

  • Tafsīr in al-Manār (the Lighthouse) an Egyptian journal published between 18XX and 19XX.

  • Tafsīr in al-Manār, 12 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Ihya al-Turath al`Arabi. XXXX/2000[??].

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Hakīm al-Shahīr bi-Tafsīr al-Manār, 12 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Ma`rifa, 1414/1993. *

  • Tafsīr in al-Manār, 12 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya,            5168pp.

`Abd al-Jabbār = 

al-Qaḍī `Abū al-Ḥasan ibn Aḥmad `Abd al-Jabbār Asadābādī ( c. 386-415 AH = c. 935-1024 CE).

        Major late Mu`tazilite theologian. See Sezgin 1:624-626. .

  • Mutashābih al-Qur'ān. ed. 'Andan M. Zarzũr. Cairo: Dar al-Turāth, 1969.
  • al-Mughnī fī  abwāb al-tawḥīd wa'l-`adl. 14 vols. ed. Taha Husayn, Cairo: Dar al-Misriyya li'l-Ta'lif wa'l-Tarjama. 1958-1965.
  • al-Mughnī fī  abwāb al-tawḥīd wa'l-`adl. XX vols. Cairo: al-Mu`assa al-Miṣriyya al-`Āmma li'-Kitāb. [Cairo]  n.d.  *
  • al-Mughnī fī  abwāb al-tawḥīd wa'l-`adl.  Cairo: Dar al-kutub, 1370/1960. Rep.  c. 2000??  Introd.  Ibrahim al-Abyārī + Ibrahim Madkur, et. al.  ed. Muhammad `Ali Najjār / `Abd al-Halim Najjār  /  Ṭāhā Ḥusayn. 16 vols.*
  • Sharh al-usul al-khamsa bi-ta'lîq al-imam Aḥmad b. al-Husayn b. Abi Hāshim. ed. 'Abd al-Karim 'Uthmān. Cairo: Maktabat Wihba, 1965. : "This work is by 'Abd al֊ Jabbār's Zaydite student Manākdim" so Mourad 2006: 313)
  • Sharh al-usul al-khamsa. ed. ADD Dar al-Ihya' a;-Turath al-`Arabi, 1422/2001 (567pp.).*

`Abd al-Rahmān, Ā'isha.

     • al-Tafsīr al-bayānī li’l-Qur'ān al-karīm. 2nd printing. Cairo: Dar al-Ma`arif (Maktabat al-Dirāsāt al-Adabiyya No. 25), 1385/1966. 

  • al-Tafsīr al-bayānī li’l-Qur'ān al-karīm. 3rd ed., Cairo 1387/1968

  • al-Tafsīr al-bayānī li’l-Qur'ān al-karīm. 3rd impression. 2 vols. Cairo :  Maktabat al-Dirāsāt al-Adabiyya [25] 1387/1968..

 Abu Ḥayyān al-Andalusi (d. c. 745 /1343).

 Tafsir Al Bahr Al Muheit (1/9) تفسير أبي حيان الأندلسي (تفسير البحر المحيط)

  • تفسير أبي حيان الأندلسي  = تفسير البحر المحيط
  • تفسير البحر المحيط Tafsir al-baḥr al-muḥīt.   9 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 200? . 4704 pp =  2-74513-250-4


`Abū 'Ubayda. Ma'mar b. al-Muthanna al-Taymī (ADD/ADD).

  • Majāz al-Qur'ān, ed. F. Sezgin, 2 vols., Cairo 1954-62

al Aḥsā’ī =  Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Zayn al Dīn al-Aḥsā’ī  (b. Ḥasa [Aḥsa] 11XX/17XX - d. Medina 1241/1826).

Early Qajar period Arab born Shi`i philosopher and mystic who lived for many years in Persia-Iran and whose followers were known as al-Shaykhiyya (Shaykhis) or Kashfiyya ("Disclosers") and Balasaris (Ritually, "Facing the Head")... Many of his numerous writings and treatises are expository of the Qur'ān and related Hadith texts.

  • Tafsīr Sūrat al-tawhīd wa āyat al-nūr . This was written in reply to Sayyid Muhammad Bakā'  and printed within vol.1 of the Jawāmi` al-kalim,
  •  Tafsīr Sūrat al-tawhīd 2nd ed. in Majmū`a al-rasā'il al-ḥikma'  (2nd ed.) Kirmān: Maṭba`at al-Sa`āda, 1379/ 1960. pp.1-16. *
  • trans. Stephen Lambden (forthcoming) URL:'I.htm
  • Jawāmi` al kalim. (= JK. ) 2 vols. Tabrīz: Muhammad Tāqī Nakhjavānī, 1273/1856-7 .  Vol.1 / i, ii and iii and 1276 /1859-60 = vol. 2/i and ii. *
  • Sharḥ al `arshiyya. 2 vols. 2nd. ed. Kirmān: Sa`adat. n.d.

Abū al-Suʻūd Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad, al-ʻImādʾu (ADD  = c. 1490-1574).

  • Tafsīr Abī al-Suʻūd,  Irshād al-ʻaql al-salīm ilá mazayá al Qurʾān al-karīm. 5 vols. in 2 1928.

  • Tafsīr Abī al-Suʻūd, Irshād al-’aql al-salîm ilkh. ed. Ḥasan Aḥmad Mar’î

  • ed. Muhammad al-Sādiq Qamhāwī. Beirut, c. 1976. 9 vols. in 4. (278, 2 + 265, 1+ 312+312+ 284, 3+ 308+ 288+ 271+ 220 pp.).

Akhfash, Abū ’l-Ḥasan Sa'īd b. Mas'ada al-Akhfash al-Awsat,

  • Ma'ānī al-Qur'ān, ed. Fā'iz Fāris al-Hamad, 2nd ed., 2 vols., Kuwait 1981.

  • ed. 'Abd al-Amīr Muhammad Amīn al-Ward, Beirut 1405/1985; • ed. Huda Maḥmūd Qurrā'a, Cairo 1990

`Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (b. Mecca c. 600 CE - d. Kufa 40/661). The fīrst Imam for the Shī`ī Muslims and fourth Caliph of the Sunnis

The cousin, son-in-law, and (for Imami Shi`is  and others the immediate)  successor to the Prophet Muhammad (d. 632 CE). He was very widely respected as an important expert on all aspects of Tafsīr. Ibn `Abbās (d. c. 68 / 687) who is regarded as the "Father of Tafsīr" (see below) is reported to have said, "What I took from the interpretation of the Qur'ān is from `Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib".  The  possibly proto-Shī`ī companion Ibn Maṣ`ūd allegedly stated that `Alī was heir to both the inward and outward dimensions of the Qur'ān.  `Alī is reckoned to have compiled one of the earliest chronologically organized recensions of the Qur'ān (see Modarressi 2003: 2-4). Many ḥadith on Qur'ān commentary are attributed to  and relayed from `Alī and his Imami associates and sympathizers. He remains a foundational figure of the greatest importance. A number of Tafsīr books or crystallizations of Tafsīr tradition are attributed to him. In recent years some of them have been the subject of academic evaluation. Sunni anti-Shi`i polemic to some extent appears to have eclipsed or  lessened the full appreciation of his central position in the genesis of Qur'ān commentary.

  • Qur'ān codex. An early recension probably represented  by the reading of `Āṣim ibn Abī Najūd al-Kūfī  (d.    ; one of the seven "readers" of the Qur'ān) and transmitted by Ḥafṣ ibn Sulaymān al-Kūfī  (d.180/796) also a `Reader of the Qur'ān' and the former's student and step-son (Modarressi 2003:3 fn.10).

  • Monograph on the recension of  `Alī by the Sunnī writer Abū Ṭāhir `Abd al-Waḥīd ibn `Umar al-Baghdāī al-Bazzāz (d.349/960).

  • See below on the Tafsīr attributed to Ibn `Abbās (d. c. 68 / 687).

Modarressi, Hossein.

  • 'Early Debates on the Integrity of the Qur'ān: A Brief Survey' Studia Islamica, No. 77. (1993), 5-39.


al-`Ālūsī =  Abū al-Thanā' Shihāb al-Dīn Maḥmūd ibn `Abd-Allāh Baghdādī  al-`Ālūsī (d.1270/1854). 

An important`Alid Sunni scholar and commentator of  19th century Baghdad. 

  • Ruh = Rūḥ al-ma` ānī fī Tafsīr al- Qur'ān al- 'azīm wa al-sab' al-mathānī, ("The Spirit of the Meaning in the Commentary upon the Mighty Qur'ān") 30 vols, in 15, Cairo 1345/1926.

  • Rūḥ al-ma` ānī fī Tafsīr al- Qur'ān al- 'azīm wa al-sab' al-mathānī, Cairo:  Dār al-Zayni lil-Tiba`ah wa'-l-Nashr, c. 1346/ 1927 [1930]?.

  • Rūḥ al-ma` ānī fī Tafsīr al- Qur'ān al- 'azīm wa al-sab' al-mathānī, Cairo: Mu'assasat al-Halabåi lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzåi, XXXX/1964.

  • Rūḥ al-ma` ānī fī Tafsīr al- Qur'ān al- 'azīm wa al-sab' al-mathānī. (= rep. of   Cairo: Idarat al-Tiba`ah al-Munairiyah, Cairo, ca. 1353.) 31 vols. in 16  Dār al-Ihya al-Turath al-`Arabī,  XXX/ 1970.

  • Rūḥ al-ma`ānī fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-`azāīm wa-sab` al-mathānī, Cairo, 1353; reprint 30 vols. in 15, Beirut, 1405/1985.

  • Rūḥ al-ma` ānī fī Tafsīr al- Qur'ān al- 'azīm wa al-sab' al-mathānī, 30 vols, in 15 + Index vol. 16.  Dār al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyyah, 1415/ 1994.*

  • Rūḥ al-ma`ani fī  tafsīr al-qur'ān al-`aẓīm . Repr. Beirut, n.d.

  • Rūḥ al-ma`ani fī  tafsīr al-qur'ān al-`aẓīm. CD Rom. *

al-'Āmilī al-Isfahānī, `Abū 'l Ḥasan (d. Najaf, 1138/1726). A student of Muhammad Baqir Majlisi...

  • Muqaddimat [al-Burhan Tafsīr al-Qur'ān] tafsīr mir'āt al-anwār wa-mishkāt al-asrār, ed. Mahmud b. Ja'far al-Mūsawī al-Zarandī, Tehran 1374/1954

  • Mir’āt al‑anwār wa mishkāt al‑asrār fī tafsīr al‑Qur’ān (Mirrors of Lights and Niches of Mysteries in Commentary upon the Qur’ān). [3rd ed?]. 1374/1954-5. *

al-'Āmulī, Sayyid Ḥaydar ibn `Alī ibn Ḥaydar al-`Alawī al-Ḥusayni al-'Āmulī (d. 787/1385).

 Shi`i philosopher and mystic... exponent of Ibn al-`Arabi... See Brockelmann, GAL II:213; Supp. II:209.

  • Tafsīr al-muḥīṭ al-a`ẓam wa'l-baḥr al-khidamm fi ta`wīl kitāb Allāh al-`azīz al-muḥkam.  2 vols. 2nd ed./printing. Tehran: Mu`assasat al-Tiba`ah wa'l-Nashr Wizarat al-Thaqafah wa'l-Irshad al-Islami,  1995.

  •  انوار الحقيقة و اطوار الطريقة و اسرار الشريعة = Anwar al-Haqiqah wa Atwar al-Tariqah wa Asrar al-Shariah. Qum: Nur `ala Nur, 2004.

Tafsir al-Muhit al-`A`zam va al-Bahr Fi Ta`vil Kitab Allah al-`Aziz al-Muhkam / 7 vols.

  •  تفسير المحيط الاعظم و البحر الخضم في تاويل كتاب الله العزيز المحكم  =  Tafsīr al-Muhit al-a`zam wa al-bahr al-Khiḍrim fi Ta`wil Kitab Allāh al-`Aziz al-Muhkam. 7 vols.  Qum: Nur `ala Nur  2007 . 2974pp. ISBN: 9789648016031

al-Anbārī =  Abū ’l-Barakāt 'Abd al-Rahmān b. Muhammad ibn al-Anbārī  (ADD/ADD).

    • al-Bayān fī Gharīb i'rāb al-Qur'ān, ed. Tāhā 'Abd al-Ḥamīd and Muṣṭafā al-Saqqā, 2 vols., Cairo 1969-70

     • Nuzha = Nuzhat al-alibbā' fī ṭabaqat al-udabā', Cairo 1294.

    • Stockholm 1963;

ed. Ibrāhīm al-Sāmarrā'ī, Baghdad 1970


`Ā'isha' bint Abi Bakr, third wife of the Prophet Muhammad (d. 58/678).

  • Tafsīr umm al-mu'minīn. ed. `Abd-Allah Abū  al-Su`ūd Badr. Cairo:  Dār al-`Ālam al-kutub. 1416/1996. *

al-`Askarī, al-Ḥasan ibn `Ali (d. c. 260/874).

The 11th Imam of the twelver Shi`ites and the alleged father of Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi.

See Brockelmann, GAL 1:333; Goldziher, Richt., 278; Gacek, ALB 1996:201.

تفسيرالإمام العسكري

  • Tafsīr al-`Askari. Mss. Brit. Mus. Or. 5582.  Check.

  • Tafsīr al-`Askari. Tehran Lithograph 1268/1851-2. ?

  • Tafsīr al-`Askari, in the Margins of Tafsīr al-Qur'ān of `Ali Ibn Ibrahim al-Qumi. Lithograph [Tabriz?] by Hasan ibn Muhammad Amin al-Karamrudi. al-Tabrizi. Karkhanah-i Aḥmad Aqa and `Ali Aqa  Ramadan 1315/1898.  (pp.332+21). See Gacek ALB 1996: Nos.361 and 362.

  • Tafsīr al-`Askari. Lucknow:  ?.

  • Tafsīr al-`Askari [attributed to the 11th Imam Ḥasan] al-`Askarī. Qumm: ADD., 1409/ 1988-9.10410

  • URL =

Bar-Asher, Meir M.

  • Scritpure and Exegesis in Early Imami Shiism. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1999 (274pp.).*


al-Ayyāshī = Abū'l-Nadr Muhammad ibn Mas`ūd ibn al-Ayyāsh al-Sulami al-Samarkandi (fl. early 4th/ 10th cent.) (d. c. 320/932)

Early Shi`i Tafsīr. See Brockelmann GAL ADD+ GAL-S ADD. EI2 1:794-5 art. B. Lewis;

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. ed. Hashim al-Rasul al-Maḥallātī. 2 vols. Qumm: Chapkhanah-yi `Ilmiyya. 1380-1/   Tehran 1380/1961. *

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. ed. Hashim al-Rasul al-Maḥallātī. 2 vols. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`la. 1380-1/  1411/1991. *

  • Tafsīr al-Ayyāshī, 2 vols. Beirut: ADD., XXXX/200X


al-Baghawī  البغوي =  al-Ḥusayn ibn  Mas'ūd  ibn Muhammad al-`Allama  Abu Muhammad al-Farrā' al-Baghawī al-Shāfī 'ī (d. c. 510/1117 or 516/1122).

Shāfi`ī traditionalist born near Herat  died Marw al-Rudh.  See XXX  + Ridell, Peter G. art. `al-Baghawi' in Leaman ed.  Q-Enc pp.108-9. His Sunni, al-Shāfī 'ī  Tafsīr work  is perhaps to some degree a condensed version of the Tafsīr of al-Tha`labī (d. 427/1035) (so Rippin, EI2 X:434).

Ma'ālim al-tanzīl ("Instruction in the Revelation")  

  • Ma'ālim al-tanzīl [Instruction in the Revelation] / Tafsīr al-Baghawī... [Cairo] Būlāq 1294/1877.

  • Tafsīr al-Khazin al-musamma libab al-ta`wil fi ma`ani al-tanzil. 4 vols.  has Tafsīr al-Baghawi in margin.  Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1402/1982. *
  • Ma'ālim al-tanzīl / Tafsīr al-Baghawī, al-musammá, Maʻālim al-tanzīl   4 vols. ed. Khālid ʻĀbd al-Raḥmān al-ʻAkk, Marwān Sawār. Multān : Idārat Taʾlīfāt Ashrafīyyah.  198?

  • Tafsīr al-Baghawī al-musammā bi-Ma 'ālim al-tanzīl,  4 vols. ed. Khālid ʻĀbd al-Raḥmān al-ʻAkk, Marwān Sawār.  Beirut: Dar al-Ma`rifa, 1987.

  • Tafsīr al-Baghawī al-musammā bi-Ma 'ālim al-tanzīl,  4 vols. ed. Khālid 'Abd al-Rahmān al-'Akk and Marwān Sawār,  Beirut:  Dār al-Kutub al-`ilmiyya, 1414/ 1993.*


al-Baghdadi = `Alā' al-Dīn `Alī ibn Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Baghdadi al-Sufi (d. 741/1340)  = al-Khāzin

al-Khāzin, `Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Ibrahim  al-Baghdadi al-Sufi = al-Khāzin (d. 725/1340).

    Quran commentary  written in 725 / 1325 = Tafsīr Khāzin =

  • Lubab al-Ta`wīl fi ma`ānī al-tanzil.  4 vols. Cairo: al-Matba`at al-Maymaniyya, 1311/1893 + in margin  Madarik al-tanzil va haqa'iq al-ta`wīl  Abu'l-Barakaat `Abd-Allah Nasafi (d. 701/ 1301).

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Jalil... Lubab al-Ta`wīl fi ma`ānī al-tanzil. ed. Abi al-Barakat `Abd-Allah ibn Mahmud al-Nasafi. Beirut: Dar al-Ma`rifa, 1970.

  • Tafsīr al-Khazin al-musamma libab al-ta`wil fi ma`ani al-tanzil. 4 vols.  has Tafsīr al-Baghwi in margin.  Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1402/1982. *
  • Tafsīr al-Khazin... 4 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1995..Check..
  • Mukhtasar Tafsīr al-Karim li'l-Khazin ...2 vols. (1251pp.)  Lubab al-Ta`wīl fi ma`ānī al-tanzil. ed. Muhammad `Ali Qutb. Beirut: Dar al-Masira, 1987.

  • Add.   


Bahāʾ al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʻIzz al-Dīn Ḥusayn ibn ʻAbd al-Ṣamad ibn Shams al-Dīn (953-1030= 1547-1621 CE)

See URL: Shaykh Bahā'ī

Bahā' al-Dīn al-`Āmilī = Shaykh Bahā'ī.   بهاء الدين محمد بن حسين عاملي   =

The son of Shaykh Ḥusayn ibn `Abd al-Ṣamad al-`Āmilī (919-984 AH = 1512-1576 CE) who was appointed Shaykh al-Islam at the then Safavid capital Qazvin by Shah Ṭahmasb (930-984 AH =1524-1576 CE). He was born near Baalbek 27th Dhu'l-Ḥijja 953 AH = 18th February 1547 CE and  died Isfahan  12th Shawwāl 1030 AH = 30th August 1621 CE. A polymathic and widely traveled individual Shaykh Bahā'ī is viewed by some as the Islamic Mujaddid ("Renewer") of the 11th/17th century. He was an accomplished theologian, philosopher, mathematician, Sufi inclined mystic, architect, grammarian and more besides. He was a one-time Shaykh al-Islām at the then Safavid capital Isfahan under Shāh `Abbās I (r. 996/1588- 1038/1629). Shaykh Baha'i is a key Safavid period Shī`ī commentator whose Tafsīr works have been neglected. See Brockelmann,  GAL II: 414-15; Supp. I:76, 741; Supp. II: 595-97. Kohlberg in EIr. III: 429-30.

  •  تفسير عين الحيوة    Tafsīr `Ayn al-Ḥayat ("The Commentary of the Wellspring of Life"). in mss.

  •   العروة الوثقى  al-`Urwat al-Wuthqā'  ("The Firm Handle"),  A Tafsīr work seems only to have been a few times partially printed:

  • al-ʻUrwah al-wuthqá [fī tafsīr Sūrat al-Ḥamd] in Rasa'il al-Shaykh Baha' al-Din Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn `Abd al-Samad  al-Harithi al-ʻĀmili. Lithograph Tehran [?]: Hajj Shaykh Aḥmad Shirazi, 1319/1901[3],  pp. 386-410

  • al-ʻUrwah al-wuthqá [fī tafsīr Sūrat al-Ḥamd] in Rasa'il al-Shaykh Baha' al-Din Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn `Abd al-Samad  al-Harithi al-ʻĀmili. Qum: Maktabat Baṣīratī / Intishārāt-i Baṣīratī, 1398/ 1978. pp. 386-410.

  • al-ʻUrwah al-wuthqá : tafsīr Sūrat al-Ḥamd by Bahāʼ al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn ʻĀmili.  Qum : Dār al-Qurʼān al-Karīm, 1412/ 1992.


  • al-ʻUrwah al-wuthqá fī tafsīr Sūrat al-Ḥamd... Qum : Qum: Būstān Kitāb, 1422 /2001.

  • علوم قرآنى `Ulūm Qur'ānī. ("On The Qur'ānic Sciences") , in mss..

  •  حل الحروف القرآنيه   all al-ḥurūf al-Qur'ān  ("On the status of the Qur'ānic [Isolated] Letters"), in mss.

  • Mss. UCLA Qayeni Coll. No. 21. "Shaikh Baha'i (Baha' al-Din Muhammad al-Amili, universal scholar and wazir of Shah 'Abbas the Great, died 1030 / 1621): "Sharh suwar al- Qur'ān" (Coranic commentaries); Arabic; varying, always well legible script w. red titles. Main body of text pp.29-318. Beginning, end, margins and pasted-in notes w. a wide variety of marginalia. - Semi-leather binding w. painted ornaments in orange and blue. - 397 pages of text; 14 l/p (main body of text); 190x125 mm. Scribe: Abu Turab Salim b. Rashid. Dated (pp. 47, 318, 369): 1110 and 1117 / 1698 and 1705." - See

    Ḥāshiyya - Glosses on Qur'ān Commentaries...

  • Bayḍāwī, Qaḍī ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿUmar Nāṣir al-Dīn (d. c. 700/1300). Sunnī commentator and author of the well-known Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta`wīl  ("The Lights of the Revelation and the mysteries of the Exegesis")
  •  حاشيه انوار التنزيل قاضى بيضاوى  Hashiyya = Marginal Glosses of Shaykh Baha'i upon the Anwār al-tanzīl of Qaḍī  Bayḍāwī

  • Zamakhsharī, Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmud Ibn `Umar (d. 538/1144). Persian born Sunnī Mu`tazili Qur'ān commentator and author of the well-know al-Kashshāf  'an ḥaqā'iq ghawamid al-tanzi wa 'uyun al-aqawil fī  wujuh al-ta 'wil,
  •  حاشيه كشاف زمخشرى    Ḥashiyya = Marginal Glosses of Shaykh Baha'i upon the Kashshāf of Zamaksharī.

On the Tafsīr works of Shaykh Bahā'ī see

ʻAbbās, Dalāl.

  • Bahāʾ al-Dīn al-ʻĀmilī : Adīban wa-Faqīhan wa-ʻāliman, Beirut (?): Dar al-Ḥawar,  1995,  Pt III section II on `Ulum al-Qur'ān pp.535-552. *



Baḥrānī, Sayyid Hāshim b. Sulaymān al-Baḥrānī (d. 1107/1695-96), Safavid period Shi`i exegete.

  al-Baḥrānī  =  Sayyid Hāshim ibn Sulayman ibn Isma'il ibn `Abd al-Jawad ibn `Ali Ibn Sulayman ibn Nasir Husayni Katkani Tubli  (d. 1110/1695 or 1697) = Qaruni Bahrani.  

    See Dhar`ia III:94; Madelung in  EIr.III:538.

al-Burahn fi Tafsir al-Quran - 5 volumes / in Arabic

  • البرهان في تفسير القرآن
  • Kitāb al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-qur’ān. Completed 1097/1686 dedicated to Shah Sulayman, 4 vols. Qumm 1394/1974.
  • 2nd ed. Ed. Mashmud ibn Ja`far al-Musawi al-Zarandi, + Naji-Allah ibn Karim-Allah al-Tafrishi al-Bazarjani + Muhammad ibn Mirza  `Ali Akabr, Tehran: Chapkhanah Aftab, + 3rd edition.
  • al-Burhan fi Tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 5 vols. Qum: Mu`asesah-yi Matbu`at-i Isma'iliyyan, n.d. Repr. Beirut 1403/1983
  • Kitāb al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān, ed. Mahmud b. Ja'far Mūsawī al-Zarandī et al., 4 vols., Tehran 1375/1995.
  • Kitāb al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān,ed. Introduction by Muhammad Mahdi al-Āṣifī, 10 vols.. Beirut: Mu'asasat al-Bi'thah,  1419-1421/1999-2000.*
  • Madinat  al-Majiz,
  • YanAbū  al-Majiz wa Usul al-Dalail, 
  • Al-Insaf fī  al-Nass `ala al-A'imma, 


al-Bāqillānī ("Greengrocer") =  Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn al-Tayyib al-Bāqillānī (d. 413/1013)

Born Baṣra lived Baghdad. Malikī jurist and Ash`arite theologian  who wrote over fī fty works (mostly lost). See  R.J. McCarthy art. EI2 I:958-9.

  • I`jāz al-Qur'ān.  Cairo: al-Matba`ah al-Salafī yyah, 1348/1930.
  • I'jāz al-Qur'ān, ed. al-Sayyid Aḥmad Saqr, Cairo: ADD., 1954
  • al-Inṣāf li'l-Qur'ān ("ADD ") ed. Shaykh al-Kawthari, Cairo: 1369/1950-53.
  • al-Intiṣār li'l-Qur'ān ("ADD ") Kara Mustafa Pasha, Istanbul: 1369/1950-53.
  • Nukat al-intişar li-naql al-Qur'ān, ed. Muhammad Zaghlül Salām, Alexandria: ADD.,  1971
  • Kitāb al-Tamhīd fī radd `alā al-madhahib. ed. Khuḍayrī + Abū Rīdah. Cairo: Cairo: Dar al-fī kr al-`arabi, 1366/1947.
  • URL =
  • Kitāb al-Tamhīd al-awa'il wa takhlis al-al-dala'il.  ed. `Imad al-Din A. Haydar. Beirut: Mu`asssat al-Kutub al-Thaqafī yya, 1987.

Bouman, J.

  • Le conflit autour du Coran et la solution d’al-Bāqillānî. Thesis Utrecht. Amsterdam 1959 (xi, 95 pp. ).


Bal'amī, Abū `Alī (d.c.387/997) Among a group of `Ulama' who translated-"recreated" al-Ṭabari's Arabic Tarikh ... into Persian. See al-Tabari below.

  • Tar’īkh, an abridged translation of al-Ṭabarī's Ta'rīkh al-rusul wal-mulūk (q.v.), part I (the pre-Islamic section), ed. Muḥammad-Taqī Bahār. Tehran: Ministry of Education, 1962;
  • Part 11 (the Islamic section), 3 Vols. Tehran: Nashr-i Naw, 1987.
  • 1974 Tarīkh-i Bal'amī. ed. Muḥammad Taqī Bahār. rev. ed. Muhammad Parvin Gunabadī 2nd edn. Tehran: Zavvār. 1984
  • Trans. H. Zotenberg. 1984. Les prophètes et les rois de la création à David. Paris: Sindbad. 1994
  • Tārīkh nāmih i Ṭabarī: bakhsh-i chāp-nāshudih. ed. Muḥammad Rawshan. 3rd edn. Tehran: Nashr-i Alburz.


Bashīr al-Dīn Maḥmūd = Mirza Bashīr al-Dīn Maḥmūd Aḥmad (1889-1965 CE), claimed to be the Khalifat al-Masih II.

The Aḥmadiyya Community was established in 1889 by Mirza Ghulam Aḥmad (1835-1908) in the village of Qadian,  Punjab, India.

  • Tafsīr-i Kabir (The Mighty Tafsīr).


al-Baṣrī, Ḥasan = Ḥasan al-Baṣrī  (d.110/728).

A "towering fīgure in Islamic thought" (Mourad 2006:3).

See Ibn al-Nadim, Fihrist, 202; Sezgin GAL I: 592; Mourad, 51ff...

  • تفسير الحسن البصري   Tafsīr al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī. 2 vols.  ed. Muḥammad ʻAbd al-Raḥīm. Cairo  : Dār al-Hadīth, 1992.  
  • Tafsīr Ḥasan al-Baṣrī.  2 vols. Ed. Dr. Muhammad `Abd al-Rahman. Cairo:  Dār al-Haramayn. n.d. [1992]. *
  • Tafsīr al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī,  2 vols. ed.  and comp. Dr. Muhammad `Abd al-Rahim, Cairo: Dār al-Ḥadīth, (1535)1412 /1992.  *

  • al-Qirā`a ("On the Qur'ānic Readings"). mss.
  • al-`Adad ("On the Number of Qur'a Verses"). mss.
  • Nuzūl al-Qur'ān ("On the Occasions of Revelation"). mss.


Obermann, Julian.

  • "Political Theology in Early Islam: Hasan al-Başrî's Treatise on Qadar." Journal of the American Oriental Society 55 (1935), 138-62.

Al-Ṭanţawī, 'Alī.

  • Al-Ḥasan al-Basrī: namūdhaj li-l-ālim al-'āmil. Damascus: Lajnat Masjid Jāmi'at Dimashq, 1963.

Suleiman Ali Mourad

  • Early Islam between Myth and History al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī (d.110H/728 CE) and the Formation of his legacy in Classical Islamic Scholarship. Leiden- Boston: Brill, 2006. (339pp.).*

  • Hasan al-Basri (Makers of the Muslim World). Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 2008 (Forthcoming).

  • `Hasan al-Basri al-' in Meri ed. MIC 1:315-316.


بيضاوي، عبد الله بن عمر

al-Bayḍāwī = Qaḍī  ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿUmar Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Bayḍāwī (d. Tabriz c. 700/1300).

Sunnī, Mu`tazili commentator indebted to al-Zamakshari.

Brockelmann, GAL Supp. 1: no. 27 pp. 738-732; Riddell, `al-Baydawi' in Leaman, Q-Enc.116-118.

    Tafsir al-Baydhawi

  • انوار التنزيل واسرار التأويل

  • Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta`wīl  ("The Lights of the Revelation and the Mysteries of the Exegesis [of the Qur'ān]")

  • Anwar al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta'wīl, ed. H. L. Fleischer, 2 vols., Leipzig 1846-8.
  • Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta`wīl al-ma`ruf bi-Tafsīr al-Bayḍāwī.  Būlāq [Cairo] 1263/1847-8. 
  • Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta`wīl al-ma`ruf bi-Tafsīr al-Bayḍāwī. Lithograph 2 vols. in 1. Lakhnaw [Lucknow] : Niwai Kishur, 1865.
  • Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta`wīl.  2 vols. Istanbul: ADD., 1285 /1868 (716 pp. + 628 pp.).
  • Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta`wīl. +Tafsīr of the Jalālayn. 2 vols.  Istanbul: XXXX.,  1296/1878 (2 +716 & 4 + 674 pp.)
  • Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-taʾwīl. Istanbul : Ṣirkeal-i Khayrīye-i Ṣaḥḥāfīye, 1878.  2 pt =  al-Bayḍāwī’s commentary on the Koran, accompanied in the margin by the Quranic commentary entitled Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, by Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Maḥallī and Jalāl al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Abī Bakr al-Suyūṭī.
  • Tafsīr Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta`wīl.  2 vols. + Tafsīr Jalālayn in the Margin. Istanbul: Dar al-Tiba`ah  al-`Amirah  1285 /1886 (716 pp. + 628 pp.).
  • Tafsīr Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta`wīl.  2 vols. + Tafsīr Jalālayn in the Margin. Istanbul: Dar al-Tiba`ah  al-`Amirah  1303 /1XXX (716 pp. + 628 pp.).
  • al-Tafsīr al-musammah Anwār al-tanzīl wa asrār al-ta`wīl ; ed. `Abd al-Rahman Muhammad. 5 vols. in 1 + Kazaruni in the margin Cairo: Dar al-Kutub al-`Arabiyya al-Kubra, 1330/1911-12.
  • Anwār al-tanzîl wa-asrār al-ta’wîl al-ma’rûf bi-Tafsîr al-Bayḍāwī,. (Includes  Qur'ān text). Repr.  Istanbul Lithograph,1329/ 1911. Beirut : ADD., c. 1970. (815pp. ).

  • Anwar al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta'wīl.. Tafsīr al-Bayḍāwī. Beirut: Dar al-Jīl, 1329/1911. (25+815+i pp.).*

  • Anwār al-tanzîl wa asrār al-ta’wîl. + Tafsīr of the two Jalāls (Suyuti and Mahalli), 2 vols.  ed. A. Sa’d ’Alî. Cairo: ADD., 1358 / 1939. (496+ 460pp.).

  • Tafsīr al-Bayḍāwī... 4 Vols. Beirut: Mu`asssat al-A`lami lil-Matbu`āt , 1410/1990. *

  • al-Tafsīr al-Bayḍāwī al-musamma anwār al-tanzīl wa asrār al-ta`wīl. 5 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1996.

  • Anwar al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta'wīl. ed. Muhammad Şubhī ibn Ḥasan Hallaq and Maḥmūd Aḥmad al-Atrash, Damascus: 1421/2000.

  • Add office 2007

  • Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-taʼwīl by  ʻAbd Allāh ibn ʻUmar Bayḍāwī Book : Manuscript Archival Material Language: Arabic Publisher: Dizfūl, [1447]

    حاشيه : Ḥāshiyya (Marginal Notes- Glosses) on the Tafsīr of al-Bayḍāwī.

  • al-Bayḍāwī, Qaḍī ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿUmar Nāṣir al-Dīn (d. c. 700/1300). Sunnī commentator and author of the well-known Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta`wīl  ("The Lights of the Revelation and the mysteries of the Exegesis")

    Shaykh Baha'i - Baha' al-Din al-Amili - Shi`i Commentator (see above).

  •  حاشيه انوار التنزيل قاضى بيضاوى  Hashiyya = Marginal Glosses of Shaykh Baha'i upon the Anwār al-tanzīl of Qaḍī  Bayḍāwī

    al-Qanvi (d. 1195/1781) + Ibn al-Tamciyd (          ) Check this.

  • Hashiyya `ala Tafsīr-i anvar-i tanzil by Qaḍī Bayḍāwī, by Qunavi (written in 1194 AH) with the marginal text of the Hashiyya `ala Tafsīr-i anvar-i tanzilHashiya ala tefsiyr i anvar it tanzil of Qaḍī Bayḍāwī by Muslih al-Din Mustafa ibn ibrahim known as Ibn al-Tamciyd teacher of the Ottoman Sultan  (ADD/ADD), 7 vols. Istanbul: al-Maṭba`at al-`Amira,  1285 -86/ 1868-21st Sha`ban = 26th November, 1869.


Fell, Winand (1837-1908).

  • Indices ad Beidhawii Commentarius in Coranum -  confecit Winand Fell  or  Fihrist mā fī al-tafsīr al-musammā bi-Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-tāwīl. Leipzig : F.C.W. Vogel, 1878.  1 v. (various pagings) ; 30 cm. Added t.-p. in Arabic: Fihrist mā fī al-tafsīr al-musammā bi-Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-tāwīl min al-lughāt wa-al-iṣṭilāḥāt wa-asmāʾ al-rijāl wa-al-nisāʾ wa-al-amākin wa-al-milal wa-al-madhāhib wa-al-shawāhid [romanized form].

Margoliouth, D. S.

  • Chrestomathia Baidawiana, The Commentary of El-Baiḍawi on Sura III translated and explained for the use of students of Arabic by D. S. Margoliouth M.A. ... London: Luzac and Co. Publishers to the India Office, 1894. 216pp.


Beeston, A. F. L. 

  • Bayḍāwī’s commentary of Sûrah 12 of the Qur’ān. Text, accompanied by an interpretative rendering and notes by A. F. L. Beeston. Oxford 1963. ( viii+ 98 pp. + 24pp. Arabic text)

  • Baiḍāwī's commentary on sūrah 12 of the Qur'ān. Text, accompanied by an interpretative rendering and notes by A. F. L. Beeston. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963  + Beirut 1988



al-Biqa'ī. Burhān al-Dīn Ibrāhīm ibn 'Umar (d. 885/1480). A Mamluk exegete

  • Nazm = Nazm al-durār fī tanāsub al-āyāt wa-l-suwar, 22 vols., Hyderabad 1969-84; repr. Cairo 1992
  • ADD
  • Nazm al-durār     Beirut:  Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 1995
  • Tanbih al-Ghabi ilā Takfir Ibn 'Arabī wa tahdhir al-'Ibad min ahl al-'inad ("Warning to the Ignoramus Concerning the Declaration of Ibn 'Arabi's Disbelief, and Cautioning God's Servants against Stubborn People"). An atack on Ibn `Arabi... See `Theodicy in Islamic Thought: The Dispute over al-Ghazali's 'Best of All Possible Worlds' by Eric L. Ormsby  and review by Norman Calder in BSOAS (London), vol. 49, No. 1, In Honour of Ann K. S. Lambton (1986), pp. 211-212.

    Saleh, Walid.

"In 1461, al-Biqa`i, a Mamluk exegete, decided to use the Bible to interpret the Qur'ān. This was an unprecedented decision which contradicted a millennium of Islamic prohibition against the religious use of the Bible by the Muslims. The Qur'ān commentary he wrote soon became the center of a major controversy as to whether it was legal or Islamic to use the Bible as a religious text in Islam. This paper is an analysis of this momentous development in the history of Islamic interaction with the scriptures of Judaism and Christianity. I will draw on two of al-Biqa`i's works to understand why he thought it was permissible to use the Bible and how he used it in his Qur'ān commentary."



al-Bursevī [Bursawī], Ismā'īl Ḥaqqī (d.1063-1137 AH = 1653-1725).

Esmā`īl Ḥaqqī Bursawī (d. Bursa, 1137/1625).

A prolific and polymathic Ottoman Sufī  commentator,  Hadith scholar and commentator, poet, musician and calligrapher,  Bursevi (= `of Busra')  wrote over 100 books in Arabic, Persian and Turkish. He was a Shaykh of the Jalwatiyya order founded by Shaykh Uftade and Aziz Mahmud Hudayi and was much influenced by Ibn al-`Arabi, Sadr al-Din Qunawi and Jalal al-Din Rumi on whose Mathnavi he wrote a commentary. See further  Ali Ayni, Mehemmed, Ismail Hakki: philosophe mystique 1653-1725, Paris: Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 1933;  Namh, Ali, Ismail Hakki Bursevi Hayati, Eserleri ve Tarikat Anlayisi, Istanbul: Insan Yaymlan, 2001; Ibrahim Kalin `Bursevi, Ismail Hakki' in BEIP vol. 1 [2006] :88-90.

Tafsīr  Rūḥ al-Bayān fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān ("The Spirit of Exposition in Commentary upon the Qur'an")

Apparently written over a 23 year period.

  • Tafsīr  Rūḥ al-Bayān fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. 4 vols. Istanbul: Amira Press, 1285/1868 (979 + 996 + 683 + 728 pp ).
  • Tafsīr  Rūḥ al-Bayān fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. 4 vols. Istanbul: `Uthmaniyya Press, 1306/1888 (979 + 996 + 683 + 728 pp ).
  • Tafsīr  Rūḥ al-Bayān fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. 10 Vols. Istanbul: Mektebet-i Eser, 1969.
  • Tafsīr  Rūḥ al-Bayān fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 10 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fīkr (= Rep. of Istanbul  lithograph 1866). * =
  • Rep. from Istanbul Ku'itah ed. Maktabah Islamiyya,  10 vols. 1985. (??)

Ruhu'l Beyan -11 Cilt Takım-, İsmail Hakkı Bursevi

  • [Tafsīr]  Rūḥu'l-Beyān fî Tefsîri'l-Kurān,  11 vols.  Istanbul: Erkam Yayıncılık, 2005.  6,450pp.



al-Burujirdī, Sayyid Husayn (ADD/ADD). Modern Shi`i Tafsīr.

Tafsir-e Serata-ol Mostaghim

  • تفسيرالصراط المسقيم   Tafsīr Sirat al-Mustaqim. Qumm: Ansariyan 460pp. ISBN: 964


al-Bustānī, Maḥmūd. بستاني، محمود.

  • al-Tafsīr al-bināʾī lil-Qurʾān al-karīm  التفسير البنائي للقرآن الكريم / تأليف محمود البستاني.  Mashhad : Islamic Research Foundation, 1422-1424 [2001/2-2003/4.

Charkhī, Khwāja Ya`qūb (d.851/1447).

See Hamid Algar, art. 'Carkī' in EIr. 4: 819-20; Storey, Persian Literature: A Bio-Bihiographical Survey Vol.1 Pt.1 (1970), 9.

Khwaja Ya'qub The Existential Breath of al-rahman and the Munificent Grace of al-rahim

  • Tafsīr-i Kalam-i Rabbanl,

  • Lithograph Lahore in 1331/1913.

  • [Partial ed.] Istanbul: Yildiz, 1991.

  • Tafsīr-i Kalām-i Rabbani,

  • MS British Museum Or. 9490 dated 960/1553, "a beautifully ornate and complete work in naskhX and nastaliq;

  • MS India Office Islamic 754, "dated 6 Jumāda II 1089/26 July 1678 which is in a rougher hand and has the first half of the proemium missing". (Rizvi,

On Charkhī and his tafsīr, see Hamid Algar, art. 'Carķī' in Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 4, pp. 819-20; C.A. Storey, Persian Literature: A Bio-bibiographical Survey Volume I Part I (London: The Royal Asiatic Society, 1970), p. 9.

Other works of Charkhī -- important for the later Naqshbandï order

  • Risāla-уі unsiyya, ed. and tr. M. Nadhīr Rānjhā (Lahore: Zāhid Bashīr, 1983);

  • Risala-yi Abdaliyya, ed. M. Nadhīr Rānjhā (Islamabad: Iran-Pakistan Research Institute, 1978).

Rizvi, Sajjad.

  • `The Existential Breath of al-raḥman and the Munificent Grace of al-raḥim' in JQS  79 (utilized above).


Dāmād :  Mīr Muhammad Baqir Āstarābādī  (d. 1041/1641).

  • Sidrat al-Muntahā ("The Lote-Tree of the Extremity").  A Qur'ān Commentary, in mss.

  • ADD

  • ADD


Dāmaghānī, al-Husayn b. Muhammad al-Dāmaghānī, (ADD/ ADD) 

  • Wujūh = al-Wujūh wa’l-naẓā’ir li-alfāz Kitāb Allāh al-'azīz, ed. Muhammad Ḥasan Abū l-'Aẓm al-Zafītī, 3 vols., Cairo 1412-16/ 1992-5;
  • Ed. `Abd al-'Azīz Sayyid al-Ahl (as Qamus al-Qur'ān), Beirut 1970

 Dārwaza, Muhammad 'Izzat  Dārwaza, (ADD/ ADD)

    • Tafsīr = al-Tafsīr al-ḥadīth, 12 vols., Cairo 1381-3/1962-4

Daylamī : Abū Thābit `Abd-al-Mālik Daylamī,

  • Futūḥ al-Raḥmān fī ishārāt al-Qur’ān [or Taṣdīq al-ma`ārif ] .Beyazét Umumi Kütüphanesi, Istanbul, Veliyeddin Efendi ms. no. 430.

al-Dāwūdī, Shams al-Din, Muhammad b. 'Alī b. Aḥmad (ADD/ ADD)

    • Ṭabaqat = Ṭabaqat al-mufassirīn, ed. 'Alī Muhammad 'Umar, 2 vols., Beirut 1983. *

Dhahabī, Muhammad Husayn al-Dhahabī, (ADD/ ADD)

     • al-Tafsîr wa ’l-mufassirūn. 2nd ed. 2 vols. Beirut 1396/1976 (492+639 pp. ).

  • Tabaqat al-mufassirūn  / al-Tafsīr wa-l-mufassirūn, 2 vols., Cairo:  Dār al-Kutub, 1392/1972 +1976..


Esfarayeni, Abū l al-Muzaffar (5th century- CHECK)

  • Tāj al-Tarājim fī  Tafsīr al-Qur'ān lil- A'ājim (Persian) 3. Vols. Ed. Najib Mayel Heravi & Ali Akbar Elalii Khorasani,Tehran: 1995 HB (1436 pp)

al-Farrā’ = Abū Zakariyya' Yaḥyā ibn Ziyād al-Kufi, al-Farrā' (d.207/822)

See Sezgin GAS VIII 123-5; Tehrani, Dharī`a IV 298 No. 1308 + XXI 206 No. 4635. Kohlberg, A Medieval Muslim Scholar at Work, Ibn Ṭāwūs and his Library (Leiden: Brill,   1992). Kohlberg writes,

"Al-Khaṭīb al-Baghdādī [ d. 463/ 1070] mentions two recensions of this work: (a) that of Muhammad b. al-Jahm al-Simmarï (d. 277/890-891), who wrote at al-Farrā''s dictation (cf. Ta'rtkh Baghdad, II, p. 161); it is this recension which has been published (I, ed. Aḥmad Yûsuf al-Najātî and Muhammad 'Alī al-Najjār, Cairo, 1955, repr. 1980; II, ēd. al-Najjār, Cairo, 1966; III, ed. 'Abd al-Fått ah Ismacīl Shalabī and 'Alî al-Najdī Naşif, Cairo, 1972); (b) the recension of al-Farrā' 's student Salama b. 'Asim. Al-KhaţTb al-Baghdādī reports that after ál-Farra' had completed a session of dictation and the students had left, Salama would arrive and read back the material to ál-Farra', who would enter changes; al-Khatīb gives this as the reason for the differences between the two recensions ( Tā 'rīkh Baghdad, XIV, pp. 152-153).
IṬ [= Ibn Ṭāwūs] possessed two one-volume manuscripts of al-Farrā' 's work. The fīrst manuscript comprised seven parts (ajzā'), numbered ten through sixteen; the excerpts cited indicate that it contained roughly the second half of al-Farrā's text. The second manuscript, with an ijāza dated 409/1018-9, comprised seven parts (ajzā') numbered one through seven; judging by the excerpts cited, this manuscript contained the entire work" (Kohlberg 1992:340).

    • Kitāb al-Farrā' = Tafsīr al-Farrā' = Ma'ānī’ al-Qur'ān. 3 vols. ed.  Muhammad 'Alī al-Najjār et. al. Cairo: Dar al-kutub al-Misriyya, 1955-72.

  • Ma'ānī’ al-Qur'ān [= Tafsīr al-Farrā'/ al-Qur'ān ] vol. 1 ed. Aḥmad Yūsuf al-Najātī and Muhammad 'Alī al-Najjār, Cairo: Add, 1955.
  • Repr. 1980.
  • Ma'ānī’ al-Qur'ān [= Tafsīr al-Farrā '/ al-Qur'ān ] vol. 2 ed. Muhammad 'Alī al-Najjār, Cairo: Add, 1966
  • Ma'ānī’ al-Qur'ān [= Tafsīr al-Farrā'/ al-Qur'ān ] vol. 3 ed. 'Abd al-Fåṭṭāḥ Isma`īl Shalabī and 'Alî al-Najdī Nāşif, Cairo: Add., 1972

Kinberg, Naphtali (1948-1997).

  • A Lexicon of Al-Farrā's Terminology in His Qur'ān Commentary: With Full Defī nitions, English Summaries, and Extensive Citations by Naphtali Kinberg. Leiden: E. J. Brill,  1995   (27+1004 pp.). A massive and erudite work with introduction and full bibliography (pp. 24-27).


al-Farārī , Muḥammad ibn Ḥamzah.

  • ʿAyna al-aʿyān. / Tafsīr al-Fātiḥah .  Istanbul : Rifʿat Bey Matbaʿasī, 1908 (376pp.).
    A commentary on the first chapter of the Qurʾān. 


al-Fīrūzābādī =  Abū al-Qāhir Muhammad ihn Ya'qūb ibn Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Majd al-Dīn al-Shirāzī al-Fīruzābādī al-Shāfi'ī (729- 817 AH = d.1329- 1414 CE).

He is associated with the transmission of the Tafsīr attributed to Ibn `Abbās (see above) and is said to have written five other  works of Tafsīr. See  Brockelmann, EI II:113-14; Fleisch, EI2 II: 926-27.

  • Tanwīr al-miqbas min tafsīr Ibn 'Abbās li-Abi Ṭāhir Muhammad ibn Ya`qūb al-Fīrūzābādī al-Shāfi'ī, Ṣāḥib al-Qamus... Cairo: al-Maktabah al-Tujjāriyya al-Kubrā., add DATE.
  • Tanwīr al-miqbas min tafsïr Ibn 'Abbās, Cairo: ADD., 1951. In margin has (1) al-Suyuţî (d. 911/1505), Lubab al-nuqül fī asbāb al-nuzūl, followed by (2) Muhammad ibn Hazm, Kitāb fi ma'rifat al-nāsikh wa 'l-mansukh (not actually by Ibn Hazm). Rippin (1980) writes regarding printings of this work (p. 41)

"One of these works is entitled Tanwīr al-miqbas min tafsīr Ibn 'Abbās. Al-Dawūdī (d. 945/1538) and, probably repeating the information from him, Hājjī Khalifa (d. Ι068/Ι658) report that this was a four-volume work. Brockelmann  lists this work as printed in Cairo in 1290 and 1316, the latter edition being published along with the naskh text of Muhammad ibn Hazm;  Fleisch  then adds mention of a print in Cairo, 1345/1926. Sezgin in his entry on Ibn 'Abbas adds the following list of prints of this al-Fīrūzābādī text (under the supposition that it represents a transmission of Ibn 'Abbas's tafsïr): Bulāq, 1863,1866,1873,1885; Cairo, 1302,1316,1332, 1937, 1960. This list appears to be a somewhat updated restatement of what is found in Brockelmann under Ibn 'Abbas, although Sezgin does not make this explicit." (so Rippin, 1994 [2001]).


Fayḍī =  Abū al-Fayḍ ibn al-Mubarak al-Fayḍī (d. 1004/1596).

  • Sawāṭi` al-ilḥām fi Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. Lithograph printing which includes Ḥall lughāt al-Tafsīr  (pp. 753-771). Lakhna`u -Lucknow: Maṭba`at al-Munshī Nawal Kishūr, 1306/1889. (780pp.) See Brockelmann GAL II:549 + Supp.II:610; Gacek ALB [2003] No. 312, p.170.

Abu al-Qāsim Furāt ibn Ibrahim ibn Furāt al-Kūfī (early 4th cent AH/ 10th cent. CE).


Furāt al-Kūfī  (d. c. 310/922). Important largely Hadith generated Shi`i Tafsīr writer.

See Sezgin GAS 1:539; Bar-Asher, 1999:29f; Modarressi,  Tradition and Survival., 2003: 82-86.No.6. ; Meir M. Bar Asher, Scripture and Exegesis in Early Imami Shiism (Leiden: Brill, 1999), 29-32:

"Furāt b. Furāt b. Ibrahim al-Kufī is the least known of the commentators that will be discussed here. He is not mentioned in early Shī'ī biographical compositions. From his nisba, we learn that he was associated with the city of al-Kūfa, although it is uncertain whether he was born there or lived there most of his life or at least part of it. The dates of his birth and death are also unknown. His chronology can be estimated on the basis of his relation to several scholars whose hadiths he transmitted or who transmitted hadiths on his authority. They include Abu 1-Hasan 'Alî ibn Babawayhi ([d. 3Z9/940], who according to certain sources transmitted traditions he received from Furāt), and his son, Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. 'Alî ibn Babawayhi (d. 381/991), the more renowned of the two, who also cites Furāt in his various writings (not directly but through the mediation of Hasan b. Muhammad b. Sa'īd al-Hāshimī)" (Bar-Asher, 1999:29 referencing, al-Mamaqani, Tanqib al-maqal, biography 9412; al-Khwansari, Rawdat al-jannat, 5:345; 'Abbas Quramĩ, al-Fawa'id al-radawiyya ft ahwāl 'ulama' al-madhhab al-ja'fariyya (Tehran, 1327Sh/1376), 349; A'yan, 41:170-271; Obana, 4:198-9; Tafsīr Furat (editor's introduction, 2)....

  • Tafsīr. ed. Muhammad al-Kāẓim (?). Najaf: XXXX: 1354/1935.
  • Tafsīr. ed. Muhammad al-Kāẓim. Tehran: 1410/1990.
  • Tafsīr Furāt al-Kūfī. ed. Muhammad al-Kāẓim. Tehran: 1410/1990.  820pp.
  • Tafsīr Furāt al-Kūfī.  Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-Islāmī, ADD/ADD. 716pp

Tafsir Furat al-Kufi

  • Tafsīr Furāt al-Kūfī. ed. Muhammad al-Kāẓim. Beirut:  Dar al-Kutub al-Islami, ADD/ADD 720pp..


Gātje, Helmut.

  • 1996 [Rep. 1976, Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd.] The Qur'ān And Its Exegesis : Selected Texts With Classical And Modern Muslim Interpretations by Helmut Gātje, trans. and ed. Alford T. Welch. Oxford: Oneworld. Contains good translations from primary Tafsīr sources.

al-Ghazālī Abū al-Ḥamīd, Muhammad (d. 505/1111). Ashari theologian and Sufī  mystic.

  • Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al- ‘Azim. Lost
  • Tafsīr Surat Yusuf. Persian Lithograph dated Sha`ban 1312/1895. See Gacek ALB 1996: Nos.365, p.202.
  • Tafsīr al-`Askari. Lucknow:  ?

  • Jawahir al-Qur’ān. Dar al-Kutub al-`ilmiyya. ADD/ADD.
  • Nahwa Tafsīr mawḍu`i li-suwar al-Qur'ān al-karīm. Cairo: Dar al-Shurūq, XXXX/1992 (155pp.).
  • Nahwa Tafsīr mawḍu`i li-suwar al-Qur'ān al-karīm. Cairo: Dar al-Shurūq, 4th ed. XXXX/2000 (552pp.).
  • K. Arba`īn = Kitāb al-arba`īn fī uṣūl al-dīn. Beirut: Dār al-Jīl. 1408/1988.
  • Ihyḥa ‘ulūm al-dīn (“The Revival of Religious Sciences”) ADD

Mishkat al-anwār.

  • Mishkat al-anwār. (ed.) Abū `Alā `Afífī) Cairo: Dār al-Qaymíya li'l-abā`a wa'l-Nashara, 1383/1964.
  • Mishkat al-anwār ("The Niche for Lights"). trans. W.H.T Gairdner. Rep. Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf. 1952 

Whittingham, Martin.

  • Al-Ghazali and the Qur'ān, One Book, Many Meanings. forthcoming Routledge 2007.


Hammūya,  Sa`d al-Din.  (d. 650/1252).

  • ADD

al-Hanbali, `Abd al-Rahman al-Baghdadi  (d. 795/ ADD)

Click to enlarge





  •  4 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya.

al-Harawī = al-Qāsim ibn Sallām ibn `Abd-Allah Abī `Ubayd al-Harawī (d. 157/224), an early  Sunni Hadith  scholar and philologist.

  • Kitāb Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān. (3rd printing) Damascus-Beirut: Dār Ibn Kathīr, 1420/1999. 478pp. incl. indexes. *
  • Gharīb al-Ḥadīth.

al-Ḥallaj : al-Ḥusayn ibn Manṣūr / Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥallāj  (executed. 309 /922)

  • حقائق التفسير او، خلق خلائق القرآن والاعتبار : Ḥaqāʼiq al-tafsīr  aw khalq khalāʼiq al-Qurʼān wa-al-iʻtibār. Cairo: Maktabat Madbūlī, 2006.
  • Tafsīr in Massignon, 1968, pp. 359–412
  • ADD

Ḥasan al-Baṣrī  (d.110/728) -> al-Baṣrī, Ḥasan.

 al-Ḥibarī,  `Abū `Abd-Allāh al-Kufī  al-Husayn ibn Hakam ibn Muslim (d. 686 /1287)

  • Tafsīr al-Ḥibarī, Ed. Sayyid Muhammad Rida' al-Ḥusaynī. al-Jalāli. Beirut: Mu`assassah Āl al-Bayt li'l-Ihya' al-Turath, 1408/1987.*

al-Ḥillī,  Shaykh `Abū `Abd-Allāh Muhammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Idrīs Ibn Ḥusayn Ibn Qasim Ibn `Īsā' al-Ijlī (fl. 6th cent. AH/13th cent. CE).

  •  al-Muntakhab min Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. vol.1  ed. Sayyid Maḥdī al-Rijā'ī + Sayyid Mahmūd al-Marashi'  Qumm: Maktabat `Ayat-Allah al-Marashi', 1409/1988-9. *

al-Ḥibarī, Abū  'Abdullah al-Ḥusayn ibn al-Ḥakam (d. 286 / XXX).

  • Mā nazal min al-Qur'ān fī ahl al-bayt. ed. `Alī al-Husayni. Qum:XXXX., 1975.
  • Tafsīr al-Ḥibarī, ed. Muhammad  Rida al-Ḥusayni. Beirut: Mu`assasat Āl al-Bayt li-Iḥya al-Turath,  1987 (696pp.).

al-Huwaydī,  Shaykh Muhammad  (d. XXXX/XXXX).

  • al-Tafsīr al-mu`in li-wa'izin wa-mutta`izin. Beirut: Dar al-Qari, 1987 (657pp.).
  • al-Tafsīr al-mu`in. Beirut: Dar al-Balāgha, 1418/1998 (657pp.). *

Husayni : Kamāl-al-Dīn Ḥusayn ibn `Alī,  Vā`iz-i Kāshifī (d. 910/1504–05).

  • Tafsīr-i Mullā

  • Mavāhib-i  `Aliyya yā Tafsīr-i Ḥusaynī, ed. Muhammad Jalālī Nā’īnī, 4 vols., Tehran, 1317 Sh./1938. 

  • Javahir a-Tafsīr. Tehran: Miras-i Maktub, 1379/ADDD.

Sands, Kristin Zahra

  • ` On the Popularity of Husayn Va`iiz-i Kashifi's Mavāhib-i fialiyya: A Persian Commentary on the Qur’an' in Iranian Studies, volume 36, number 4, December 2003, pp. 469-483.

al-Huwayzī =  `Abd `Alī ibn Jum`ah al-`Arūsī al-Ḥuwayzī (d. 1112/1700), Shī`ī Tafsīr

  • [Tafsīr ] Nūr al-thaqalayn  ("Commentary expressive of the Light of the Twin Weights")
  • Kitab Tafsīr Nūr al-thaqalayn.  5 vols. ed. Hashim  al-Rasuli al-Maḥalatti.  Qum: al-Matba`ah al-`Ilmiyya, 1383-5/1963-5
  • Kitab Tafsīr Nūr al-thaqalayn.  5 vols. ed. Hashim  al-Rasuli al-Maḥalatti.  Qum: al-Matba`ah al-`Ilmiyya, 1383-5/1963-5
  •  Kitāb Tafsīr nūr al-thaqalayn, 8 vols. ed. `Ali `Ashūr. Beirut: Mu`assasat al-Tarīkh al-`Arabī,  2001. *

        Tafsir-i Nour al-Saghalayn (5 vols.)

 al-Huwwari, Hud ibn Muhakkam. (ADD/ ADD)

  • Tafsīr Kitāb Allah al-'aziz, ed. Belhaj Sharifī , 4 vols. Beirut, 1990. X

Ibn `Abbās, `Abd-Allāh  (d. c. 68 / 687),

Tafsīr attributed to the paternal fīrst cousin of Muhammad, the 'Father of Tafsīr'.

 Tafsiir Ibn AbbaasTafsir Ibn Abbas

Veccia Vaglieri, L. ``Abd Allāh b. al-'Abbās.' in EI2 1:40-1.;

On ascription and authenticity see Rippin cited above on al-Fīrūzābādī. 

  • Tafsīr Ibn `Abbās.. Şaḥīfa `Alī b. Abī Ṭalḥa `an Ibn `Abbās fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. Beirut: Mu'assat al-Kutub al-Shaqāfīyya. 1411/1991. *

  • Tanwīr  al‑miqbās min tafsīr Ibn `Abbās. Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1412/1992 (664pp.). *

  • Gharīb al-Qur'ān, ēd. Muhammad 'Abd al-Rahīm, Beirut 1993

 Goldfeld, Isaiah.

  • "The Tafsīr of `Abdallah b `Abbas." Islam. 58 (1981): 125-135.

Rippin, Andrew.

  • `Tafsīr Ibn `Abbas and Criteria for Dating Tafsīr Texts' JSAI  XIX (1994), 38-83. also in Rippin, The Qur'ān and its Interpretive Tradition. ( = Variorum Collected Studies Series. Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 2001), Item XV

  • `Ibn 'Abbas's Al-lughat fi'l-Qur'ān'  in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 44, No. 1 (1981), 15-25

  • "Ibn 'Abbas's Gharib al-Qur'ān." Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 46 (1983): 332-33.

  •  "Tafsīr Ibn 'Abbas and Criteria for Dating Early Tafsīr Texts. "Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 18 (1995): 38-83.

Motzki, H. 
  • `Dating the so-called Tafsīr Ibn `Abbas: some additional remarks' in JSAI 31 (2006 =  Studies in memory of Professor Franz Rosenthal) , 2  pp.


Tafsīr Ibn `Abbas, trans. Mokrane Guezzou


  • Tafsīr Ibn Abbas (= The Great Commentaries on the Holy Qur’an Series Volume II) Translated by Mokrane Guezzou General Editor: Yousef Meri 931 pp. Amman [Jordon] : Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought & Fons Vitae Publishing (USA).  ISBN: 1891785176 ISBN-13: 9781891785177.
  • "Tafsīr Ibn Abbas, presented here in complete English translation for the first time ever, is the second work in the Great Commentaries on the Holy Qur'ān series. The series aims to make widely available leading exegetical works in translation for study and research in unabridged form, which are faithful to the letter and meaning of the Arabic. Attributed variously to the Companion Abdullah Ibn 'Abbas (d.687CE) and to Ibn Ya'qub al-Firuzabadi (d.1414CE), Tafsīr Ibn Abbas is one of the pivotal works for understanding the environment which influenced the development of Quranic exegesis. Despite its uncertain authorship and its reliance on controversial Israelite stories, Tafsīr Ibn Abbas nevertheless offers valuable insight into the circulation and exchange of popular ideas between Islam, Judaism, and Christianity during the formative phase of Islamic exegesis. This commentary is unabridged and uncensored, like the other works in the Great Commentaries on the Holy Qur’an series. The traditions attributed to Ibn Abbas that are at the core of this work render it as a seminal work of exegesis. Tafsīr Ibn Abbas is unencumbered with isnads, or chains of transmission, and does not contain elaborate theological or philosophical explanations or technical grammatical explanations, thus making the work accessible to the non-specialist. Muslim scholarship considers the author Ibn Abbas as the real father of the science of Tafsīr. The reports related from Ibn Abbas regarding the interpretation of the Qur’an are quite abundant. In fact, there is almost no interpretation of a Qur’anic verse for which one cannot find an interpretation to Ibn Abbas.

  • About the Translator: Dr. Mokrane Guezzou is a British-Algerian translator of major Islamic works. His translation of Al-Wahidi’s Asbab Al-Nuzul also appears in the Great Commentaries on the Holy Qur’an series. He is also presently at work on a translation and study of Ibn ‘Ata Allah al-Iskandari’s Al-Qasd al-Mujarrad fi Ma’rifat al-Ism al-Mufrad (Fons Vitae). About the General Editor: Dr. Yousef Waleed Meri is a leading specialist in Islam of the pre-modern period, Islamic cultural and social history and interfaith relations. He received a B.A. (Magna cum laude) from University of California, Berkeley in 1992, an M.A. from the State University of New York Binghamton in 1995 and a D.Phil. from Wolfson College, Oxford University in 1999. Currently, he is a Fellow and Special Scholar in Residence at the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought (Amman, Jordan), which is under the patronage of Abdallah II, King of Jordan. He has published numerous articles and books dealing with various aspects of Islamic history, civilization and ritual practice."




Ibn Abī al-Ḥātim (d. 327/939).

  • Tafsir al-Qur’an al-`azim musnadan `an Rasul-Allāh wa'l-ṣaḥaba wa'l-tābi'īn, ed. As`ad Muhammad al-Ṭayyib. Mecca: Add., XXXX/1997.

  • Kitab al-jarḥ wa'l-ta`dil. Hyderabad: Add, XXX/ 1952.

Mehmet Akif Koç. (Ankara University)

  • `Isnāds and Rijāl Expertise in the Exegesis of Ibn Abī Ḥātim (327/939)',  in Der Islam. Vol. 82, Issue 1 (April 2005), pp. 146–168 [158-163].

  • Abstract = "Like the commentary of al-Ṭabarī (311/923), that of Ibn Abī Ḥātim, of which an important part has survived, contains the exegetical reports of the first three centuries of Islam. The extant commentary covers from Sūra 1 to the end of Sūra 13 and from Sūra 23 to the end of Sūra 29. Ibn Abī Ḥātim’s commentary has been edited and published in ten volumes by Asad Muhammad al-Tayyib, but for several reasons this edition cannot be considered a successful work of scholarship. In al-Tayyib’s edition the isnāds are numbered, but the editor prefers to use a naive and misleading method of numbering: on the one hand, he numbers the isnāds contained in the existing manuscripts of this exegesis; on the other he has tried to complete the isnāds of the missing part of Ibn Abī Ḥātim’s commentary by using those later works that have benefited from Ibn Abī Ḥātim’s work. Thus the original part of this exegesis is combined with its later compilations. Further, according to this edition, the latest isnāds is given as number 19541. Although this figure is supposed to indicate the total number of isnāds in the commentary, we find that there is a fundamental mistake in the numbering, especially after isnād no. 9061, where this isnād is followed by no. 8328, and the sequence continues 8329, 8330 … and so on. Nor is this the only error. We find that the order is frequently disrupted. Because of these discrepancies in the numbering of the isnāds we will give the page number in the footnotes concerning our own findings rather than referring to the editor’s numbering system. In addition, the large number of misreadings of text and misquoted names bears witness to the insufficiency of this edition. Despite these mistakes the publisher made no corrections in its second printing (1999), although this did include four-volume indices and takhrīj prepared by Kāmil Uwaya. There thus remains an urgent need for a critical edition. "


Ibn `Abī Zamanayn (d.399/1008).

Tafsir Ibn Abi Zamanayn (1/2)  تفسير ابن أبي زمنين

  • تفسير ابن أبي زمنين  Tafsir Ibn `Abi Zamanayn.  2 vol. Beirut: Dar al-kutub al-`ilmiyya, 2003



Ibn `Ajībah, Sidi (ADD/ADD).

Sidi ibn Ajibah, a Moroccan Sheikh of the Darqarwi Shadhili Sufi order.

  • "Tafsīr ibn Ajibah" . 2 vols.  ADD


Ibn `Ajībah, Abī al-ʻAbbās Sīdī Aḥmad ibn ʻAjībah al-Ḥasanī al-Tiṭwānī / Aḥmad ibn Muhammad (c. 1747-1809).

  ابن عجيبة، أحمد بن محمد

  •  al-Baḥr al-madīd fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-majīd, Cairo: ADD., vol. 1, 1375/1955 and vol. 2, 1376/1956.

  • al-Baḥr al-madīd - Tafsīr al-Fātiḥah al-kabīr, al-musammá bi-, al-Baḥr al-madīd; taḥqīq Bassām Muḥammad Bārūd. 2 vols.  تفسير الفاتحة الكبير، المسمى ب، البحر المديد   Abū Ẓaby : al-Majmaʻ al-Thaqāfī, 1999. (858 pp.) 

  • al-Fahrasa, ed. by `A. Ḥamdān, Cairo, 1410/1990. 


Ibn al-'Arabī = Abū  Bakr Muhammad ibn 'Abd-Allāh ibn al-'Arabī al-Ma`āfirī (d. 543/1092). 

Andalusian Mailikī jurist and commentator who was qaḍī (judge) in his native Seville. He journeyed to Syria and Iraq and Egypt and was a one-time pupil of `Abd al-Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī (d.505/1111). See J. Robson EI2 III:707; McAuliffe, 2006 [CCQ] pp.194-196.

  • [Tafsīr] Ahkām al-Qur'ān.
  • [Tafsīr] Ahkam al-Qur'ān. Cairo: ADD., 1392-1972 (2nd ed.)
  • Ahkām al-Qur'ān ("The Legal Rulings of the Qur'ān). ed. Muhammad 'Abd al-Qadir 'Aţa. 4 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah. 1408/ 1988.  2300pp.
  • Tafsīr Ahkam al-Qur'ān

  • Qānūn al-Ta`wīl. ("The Modes of Interpretation"). 2nd ed. ed. Muhammad Slimani. Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, 1411/1990. 459+ivpp. *

  • al-Qabbas XX Sharh Muwatta Malik ibn Anas. ADD           . A commentary on the Muwatta of Malik ibn Anas

  • `Ardhwat al-akhwadhi fi sunnan al-Tirmidhi. 8 vols. ADD CHECK...

Select Other works

  • al-Amad al-aqṣā ("The Furthermost Pillar"). On the Divine Names and Attributes. In mss. Rabat and Istanbul...
  • Anwār al-fajr. ("The Light of ther Dawn"). Lost.

al-Mashni, M. I.

  • Ibn al-`Arabī al-Māliki al-Ishbīlī wa Tafsīruhu. Amman: Dar al-`Ammar, 1991.



أبو عبد الله محمد بن علي بن محمد بن العربي الحاتمي الطائي

Tomb of Ibn `Arabī [ in Glass case] in Mount Qasyun Damascus

Ibn al-'Arabī, Muḥyī al-Dīn = Abū `Abd-Allah Muḥammad ibn `Ali ibn Muḥammad ibn al-'Arabī al-Ḥātimī

al-Ṭā’ī  (b. Murcia 560/1165- d. Damascus 638/1240). 

The "Great Shaykh" (al-Shaykh al-Akbar), the Sunnī central figure in Islamic mysticism. He had a tremendous, foundational influence upon the Sufī  and Shi`i mystical and exegetical worlds.  There is a great deal of Tafsīr in the numerous works of Ibn al`Arabī especially his massive magnum opus the al-Futuḥāt al-Makkiyya ("Meccan Disclosures") and his well-known Fusūs al-Ḥikam ("Bezels of Wisdom").

al-Futuhat al-Makkiyah

  • Tafsīr, Istanbul, Süleymāniye-Shehid Alī Pasha, ms. #62  (wrongly ascribed).
  • Raḥmat min al-Raḥmān fī tafsīr wa-ishārāt al-Qur’ān,  compiled by Maḥmūd Maḥmūd Ghurāb, 4 vols., Damascus, 1410/1989.
  • Tafsīr sūrat Yūsuf (Commentary on the Sūra of Joseph) see Osman Yahya, 1964, vol. 2:484 No 734a). mss.
  • Qiṣṣat Yūsuf fī’l‑Ḥaqīqa ("The Reality of the Story of Joseph") (ibid vol. 2 : 422‑3 no. 574). mss
  • Tafsīr āyat al‑kursī (Commentary on the Throne Verse = Q. 2:256 (seeYahya ibid. ii no. 728).mss.
  • Tafsīr āyat al‑nūr (Commentary on the Light Verse = Q. 24:35 ; see also Yaḥya ibid 482, no 729) mss.
  • al-Nāsikh wa ’l-mansūkh fî ’l-Qur’ān al-Karîm. Research by ’A. al-’Alawî al-Madgharî. [Cairo] 1413/1992. 2 vols. (3+260; 2+470 pp).

'Aja'ib al-Irfan fi Tafsir al-Quran

  • Aja'ib al-`Irfan fi Tafsīr ijaz al-Bayān fi'l-tarjama `an al-Qur'ān, Tafsīr Surat al-Baqara. Ed. Dr. Asim Ibrahim al-Kayali al-Husayni al-Shadhili al-Darqarwi. Beirut: Dar al-kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1428/2007. 302pp. *

The Tafsīr of `Abd al-Razzaq al‑Kashānī (d. c. 730/ 1330).

The Tafsīr commonly printed under Ibn al`Arabi's name is actually the work of his disciple `Abd al‑Razzāq al‑Kashānī (d. 730/1330)

Tafsir Ibn Arabi- 2 Vols.

Modern printings are often unreliable:

  • MS British Library Or. 6351 entitled `Ta'wllat al-Qur'ān' (Timurid period mss.).
  • ADD
  • Tafsīr al-Shaykh al-Akbar al-`Arif billāh ta`ālâ al-`allāmah Muhyi al-Din ibn `Arabi. Būlāq : Dar al-Tiba`a. XXXX/1867.
  • Tafsīr : It is included with the al-Kāzarūnī  lithograph of his Arā'is al-Bayān fi haqā'iq al-Qur'ān. Lucknow: Maṭba` al-Munshi Nawal Kishur, 1315/1897, 619 + 488pp. See Brockelmann GAL I:527+ Supp. 1:725; Gacek, 1996 No. 10 p. 17.
  • Tafsīr Ibn al-'Arabī, + Tafsīr of Khazin. 4 vols. Cairo: Maimaniyya press 1317/1899.  (2+ 360 : 412 : 531 : 478 pp.). Check this.
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-karīm, 2 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Yaqzah al-'Arabiyya, 1387/1967.  
  • Tafsîr al-Qur’ān al-karîm. [Ed. Dār al-Yaqza al-’Arabîya]. Beirut 1387 / 1968. 2 volumes. (4+11+779 and  2+880 pp).
    Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-karīm. 2 Vols . Edited by Mustafa Ghalib. Beirut:  Dār al-Andalus, 1399/1978 .
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-karīm [ Tafsīr Ibn `Arabi on cover ], 2 vols. Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-'Ilmiyya, 1422/2001.*

Studies of the [Ibn `Arabi = ] al-Kashani Tafsīr

 Lory, Pierre

  • `Les commentaires ésotériques du Coran après 'Abd ar-Razzāq al-Qāshānî'. 


Ibn `Atā’ = Taj al-Din Abu'l-Faḍl / Abū'l-`Abbās Ibn `Atā' (d. XXX/XXXX). CHECK THIS


"Editions of separate Qur’an commentaries are available for Ja`far al-Sādiq (Nwyia, 1968a), Nūrī (Nwyia, 1968b), Ibn`Atā’ (Nwyia, 1973, pp. 23–182) and Hallāj (Massignon, 1968, pp. 359–412). These four tafsīrs have been reproduced (with Nwyia’s original French introductions to his editions of the commentaries by Ja`far al-Sādiq and Ibn ‘Atā’ translated into Persian) in Pūrjavādī (1369, pp. 1–292). Apart from Nwyia’s edition of the Qur’an commentary by Ibn `Atā’, Richard Gramlich’s monograph (Gramlich, 1995) should be noted. This provides a complete German translation of the Sufi Qur’an commentary attributed to Ibn `Atā’ (pp. 130–317)." (Rostom, Mohammed in `Forms of Gnosis in Sulamī’s Sufi Exegesis of the Fātiha' in Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, vol. 16, No. 4 ( 2005),  336. fn.4).

  • Tafsīr  Ibn `Atā’ in  Nwiya  ` Trois oeuvres inedites de mystiques musulmans (Le Tafsīr d'ibn `Aṭā’), Beirut, 1973 pp. 23–182.
  • Tafsīr in ADD
  • Translated into German in Gramlich 1995: ADD

Richard Gramlich 1995

  • Abu al-`Abbās b. `Atā ’: Sūfī und Koranausleger. Stuttgart: Deutsche Morgenla¨ndische Gesellschaft: Kommissionsverlag, F. Steiner, 1995..

Review by Gerhard Böwering:

  • `Abu l-Abbas b. Ata: Sufi und Koranausleger by Richard Gramlich'  Review  G. B. in JAOS  Vol. 118, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1998), 146 .

Ibn 'Atiyya, al-Andalusi  (d. 5XX/ 11XX).

تفسير ابن عطية      

Al Muharar Al Wajiz   تفسير ابن عطية

  • al-Muharrar al-wajiz fī  tafsīr al-Kitāb al-'aziz, 16 vols. Morocco: Muhammadiyya, 1975-1991
  • al-Muharrar al-wajiz fī  tafsīr al-Kitāb al-'aziz. Dar Ibn Hazm, 2002.

Ibn Durays, Muhammad b. Ayyüb b. Durays (ADD/ ADD)

    • Fada'il = Fada'il al-Qur'ān, ed. Ghazwa Budayr, Damascus 1988

Ibn Furāt al-Kūfī = Furāt  Ibn Ibrahim ibn Furāt al-Kūfī. (fl. second half of the 3d/9th century)

See Tehrani, al-Dhari`a IV 298 no. 1309; Sezgin, GAS 1:539; Kohlberg 1992:  341. Cited in the Biḥār al-anwār of Majlisī.  

  • Tafsïr Furāt ibn Ibrahim ibn Furāt al-Kūfī. ed. Muhammad al-Kazim. Tehran 1410/1900.
  • Tafsïr Furāt ibn Ibrahim ibn Furāt al-Kūfī. ed. Muhammad `Ali al-Gharawī al-Ūrdubādī,  Najaf 1354/1935.

For the author and his Qur'ān exegesis see GAS, 1: 539; Bar-Asher, pp. 37-39; the introduction by Muhammad al-Kāzim to his edition of the Tafsīr Furāt (Tehran, 1410/1990). (I am grateful to Dr. Bar-Asher for drawing my attention to this edition.) Muhammad 'Alî al-Gharawĩ al-Ūrdubādī states in his introduction to the Najaf 1354 edition of the Tafsīr Furāt that it was used by IT in the Yaqm; but it is not mentioned in Y. According to al-Kāzim (introduction, p. 13), no author before al-Majlisī (in the Bihar) is known to have cited from this Tafsīr, with the exception of al-Haskānī in his Shawahid al-tanzīl.

 Ibn al-Hawwārī, Muḥammad = Abī al-Ḥawwārī al- ʿUmānī al-Ibāḍī ; taḥqīq Walīd ʿAwjān (ADD/ADD).

  • al-Dirāyah wa-kanz al-ghināyah fī muntahá al-ghāyah wa-bulūgh al-kifāyah fī tafsīr khamsmiʾat āyah min tafsīr al-Qurʾān al-karīm Abī al-Ḥawwārī al- ʿUmānī al-Ibāḍī ; taḥqīq Walīd ʿAwjān. 2 vols in 1 [Muʾtah] : Manshūrāt Jāmiʿat Muʾtah, ʿImādat al- Baḥth al-ʿIlmī wa-al-Dirāsāt al-ʿUlyā, 1994. (390pp.).


Ibn al-Jawzi, Jamāl al-Dīn Abū al-Faraj 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Abī'l-Ḥusayn `Ali (d. 597/1200)

  • Kitāb Zād al-maṣīr 'ilm al-tafsīr, 9 vols. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islami li al-Tiba'ah wa al-Nashr, 1384-1388.
  • Zād al-masīr fĩ 'ilm al-tafsīr. 9 vols. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islāmī lil-Tibā'ah wa'al-Nashr, 1384-1388//1964-1968.

Ibn al-Jazarī (d. 833/1429),

  • al-Tamhīd fī `ulūm al-tajwīd

Ibn al-Jazarī, Shams al-Dīn Abū’l-Khayr Muhammad b. Muhammad b. al-Jazarī (ADD/ADD).

  • Ghayat al-nihaya fī tabaqat al-qurra' — Das biographische Lexikon der Koranleser, 3 vols, in 2, ed. G. Bergstrāsser and O. Pretzl, Leipzig/ Cairo 1933-5
  • Munjid al-muqn'in wa-murshid al-tālibīn, ed. Muhammad Habīb Allāh al-Shanqītī et al., Cairo i35O/ 1931; Beirut 1980
  • Kitāb al-Nashr fī’l-girā'āt al-'ashr, ed. 'Alī Muhammad al-Dabba", 2 vols., Cairo 1940.

Ibn Jurayj = 'Abd al-Malik b. `Abd  al-`Azīz Ibn Jurayj (d. 150/ 767). CHECK

Cited by al-Tabari and al-Tha`labi  as well as Ibn Ṭāwūs who possessed "an excellent copy". See Sezgin GAL 1:91 ?? ; Kohlberg 1992:341-2.

  • Tafsīr . Recensions are cited by various Sunnī and Shī`ī authors.

al-Jurayrī  =  Abū Sa`īd Abān ibn Taghib ibn Rabāḥ ibn Raba`ī al-Bakrī al-Jurayrī (c. 80-141 AH = c .699? -758 CE)

        Prominent Kufān Shi`ite who excelled in Arabic grammar, lexicography, Qur'ān commentary and such other emergent Islamic sciences as Ḥadīth scholarship. An authority on the recitation of the Qur'ān, he is said to have been greatly respected by the sixth Imam Ja`far al-Ṣādiq (d.148/765) through whom important Tafsīr traditions were relayed and generated. Some details about him and his writings can be read in Modarressi's erudite Tradition and Survival  (2003) vol. 1: 107-116 which is drawn upon here.

  • Kitāb al-qirā`a[t] ("The Book of Qur'ān Recitation"). Partly preserved in citations (see Modarressi 2003:111-2).

  • Tafsīr gharīb al-Qur'ān ("The Commentary on the Secreted Aspects of the Qur'ān"). Partly preserved in citations (see Modarressi ibid., 112-3).

  • Kitāb ma`ānī al-Qur'ān (The Book of the Meanings of the Qur'ān"). So Ibn al-Nadim (Fihrist) though perhaps the same work as above?

  • ADD

Ibn Kathīr = 'Imād al-Dīn Abū 'l-fīḍā' Ismā'il ibn 'Urnar ibn Kathīr (701-774 AH =  1302-1373 CE).

ابن كثير، إسماعيل بن عمر

        Tafsir Ibn Kathir

  • Tafsīr Ibn Kathīr, 10 vols. Cairo: Matba'ah al-Miriyya,  1300/1882-3.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, 4 vols. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1356/1937.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, 4 vols. Cairo: Matba'ah Mustafa Muhammad, 1937/1356..
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, 4 vols. Cairo: Matba'ah al-Tajariyya al-Kubra, 1937/1356.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim + Fadā’il al-Qur’ān.  4 vols. Cairo: 1371/1952  (598+598+584+ 576+58 pp.).
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, 7 (8) vols. Beirut: Dār al-Andalus, 1385/1966. 
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-'azīm, ed. 'Abd al-'Azīz Ghunaym et al, 8 vols., Cairo 1390/1971
  • Tafsîr al-Qur’ān.  8 vols. Ed. Muhammad Ibrahim al-Bannā,  Muhammad A. ’Ashūr & ’Abd al-’Azîz Ghunaym. Cairo, n.d.  [1970?].
  • Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-‘Azīm. 7 Vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Fīkr, 1389/1970.
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-'azīm, ed. 'Abd al-'Azīz Ghunaym et al, 8 vols., Cairo 1390/1971  4 vols., Cairo n.d.; repr. Beirut 1980
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, 7 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fīkr. 1389/1970.* - Vol. 7 of this edition has as an appendix Ibn Kathir's Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, ed. `Ali Muhammad al-Bijawi 2(?) vols. Cairo: Dār Ihya al-Kutub al-`Arabiyya,. 1398/1978.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim 8 vols..ed. Muhammad Ibrahim Banna + Muhammad Aḥmad Ashur + `Abd al-Aziz Ghanim, Istanbul:  Dār al-Qahraman lil-Nashruw al-Tawzbi`  [Nesreden Kahraman Yayinlaru], 1984.. *
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-'azīm... Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1407/1987.
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-'azīm... Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1414/1994.
  • Tafsīr al-Qur`ān al-`azīm, ed. Maḥmūd `Abd al-Qādir al-Arnā’ūt, 5  vols. Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, 1995.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim 4 vols..ed. Beirut: Ma`assat al-Rayyan, 2nd ed. 1417/1996.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim 8 vols..ed. Jiddah+ Beirut: Sharikat Dar al-Qibla/ Dar Ibn Hazm.  1418/1998 (3914pp.).
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azīm, 1 vol. ed. Beirut : Dār Ibn Ḥazm, 1420 / 2000.*
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azīm, ed. Riyād : Dār al-Salām, 1420/2000. (1536pp.)
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azīm. 5 vols. [in 1?] Beirut: Dār al-Sadir, 2007. 


Kitāb Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān

  • Kitāb Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān.  ed. Abū  Ishāq al-Huwaynī al-Atharī.  Cairo:  Maktabat Ibn Taymīyah ; Jiddah : tawzī‘ Maktabat al-‘Ilm, 1416 /1995-6.

URLs On line Texts

English and other translations : should be used with caution as most are full of paraphrases, bad translation and omissions.

  • Tafsîr Ibn Kathîr Urdu. Karachi, 5 vols. c. 1952. Qur’ān text + translation and commentary in Urdu.

  • Tafsīr of the Glorious Qur'ān by the Eminent Imam Abū 'l-fī ḍā' Ismā'il Ibn Kathīr al-Qurashi al-Dimashqi (734 AH/1373 CE). Vol. 12  Eng. trans. Abū  Yasmiyn `Abdul Jalil ibn Cary T. fī lson with emmendation by Mohammad A. El-Sheikh. [Baltimore, Maryland] USA: IARA [= Islamic African Relief Agency -USA].,2000. 

  • Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Juz' `Amma, Part 30 trans. Samah Strauch. Revised by Ibrahim M. Kunna and Abū  Aya Sulaiman `Abdus-SAbū r. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: IIPH [= International Islamic Publishing House] 1420/1999. (304pp.).

  • Tafsīr Ibn Kathir (Abridged), 10 vols. Abridged by a group of scholars under the supervision of Shaykh Safī yr Rahman al-Mubarakpuri,  Riyadh, Houston, New York, London: Darussalam, 2000.

  •  The Exegesis Of The Grand Holy Qur'ān/ Tafsīr Ibn Kathir. trans. Muhammad Mahdi al-Sharif. 4 vols. Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2006. 3160pp.

  • L'Exégèse du Coran, Ibn Kathir [French trans.] ed. Abdu Harakat. Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2006. 1602pp. ISBN 12-7451-3204-0.

al-Bidāya wa-l-nihāya ("The Genesis and the Culmination [of History]")

  • al-Bidāya wa'l-nihāya. ADD
  • al-Bidāya wa'l-nihāya, 14 vols., Beirut + Riyadh 1966; repr. Beirut 1988
  • al Bidāyah wa'l nihāyah. ed. Aḥmad Abū  Māḥim et. al. n.p.: Dār al kutub al ‘ilmiyyah, 1992/1412.
  • al-Bidāya wa'l-nihāya, 14 vols., Beirut/ Riyadh 1966; repr. Beirut 1988.
  • al-Bidāya wa'l-nihāya,  complete ed. in 2 vols.  Beirut: Dār Ibn Ḥazm,  1426/2005 (vol.1 = pp. 1-1748+20 [Index] vol.2 = pp.1349-2395+index pp.3398-3488):  ISBN = 9953-81-055-9.  *
  • Fadā'il  = Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān, Beirut 1979
  • Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān, 4 vols., Cairo n.d.;  + repr. 4 vols. Beirut :  Dār al-Ihya al-Turath al-`Arabi 1980

Qiṣaṣ al anbiyā’ (Stories of the Prophets).

  • Qiṣaṣ al anbiyā’. Beirut:  ADD, 1402/1982.
  • Qiṣaṣ al anbiyā’. Beirut:  Dār al Qalam. 1405/1985.

Ibn Khāzin al-Shīhi ( ADD/ADD).

  • Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-Jalīl al-musammā Lubāb al-ta’wîl fî ma’ānī al-tanzīl. In margin of Ibn al-’Arabī. Tafsîr. 4 vols. in 2  Istanbul 1317/ADD .

  • In margin of : al-Nasafī. Madārik al-tanzîl wa-haqā’iq al-ta’wīl. 4 vols. Cairo 1300/ 18XX + 1328-29/ 19XX-

Ibn al-Nadīm, Muhammad ibn Isḥāq, (fl. 987.)

His Fihrist ("Index") contains important  bibliographical data on early Tafsīr works.

  • Kitāb al-fihrist, mit Anmerkungen hrsg. von Gustav Flügel, nach dessen Tode besorgt von Johannes Roediger und August Mueller. Leipzig, F. C. W. Vogel, 1871–2. 2 vols. in 1.

  •  Kitāb al-Fihrist. ed. Gustav Flügel. Leipzig 1871-72. I-II. (434 + 294 pp.) Repr. 2005 (Historiography and Classification of Science in Islam. 1-2). ISBN 3-8298-9003-6. 

  • al-Fihrist li'l-Ibn al-Nadīm, ed. Shaykh Ibrahim Ramadan,  Beirut:  Dār al-Fatwa/ Beirut:  Dār al-Ma`rifat, 1417/1997. *

  •  The fihrist of al-Nadīm, A Tenth Century Survey of Muslim Culture, ed. and trans. Bayard Dodge, 2 vols. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1970. *

  • Ibn an-Nadlm. Kitāb al-Fihrist, ed. G. Flügel, 2 vols., Berlin-Leipzig, 1871.

  • al-Fihrist. ed. Sha'bān Khalīa and Walīd Muhammad al-`Awza. Vol 1. Cairo: al-'Arabī, 1991.


Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, Shams al-Din = Muhammad ibn Abī Bakr (d. 751/1350).

Hanbali jurist and disciple of Ibn Taymiyya.

  • التفسير القيم ابن قيم الجوزية ،
  •  Kitab al-fawā'id : al-mushawwiq ila 'ulum al-Qur'ān wa-'ilm al-Bayān. Misr : Matba'at al-Sa'adah, 1327/ 1909. 266 pp.
  • al-Tafsīr al-Qayyim; jamʻah Muḥammad Uways al-Naddawī ; ed. Muḥammad Ḥāmid al-Fiqī. Beirut : Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmīyah, ‪XXXX/198? 631pp.
  • al-Tafsīr al-Qayyim; jamʻah Muḥammad Uways al-Naddawī ;ed. Muḥammad Ḥāmid al-Fiqī. Beirut :Dār al-Fikr, XXX/1988. 631pp.
  • al-Tafsīr al-Qayyim... ed.  Muhammad Ḥāmid al-Fuqa and Muhammad Uwais al-Nadwī. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-`Ilmiyya, 2004. (652pp.)

Tafseer Al-Muawidhtayn

  • Tafsīr suwar al-kāfirūn wa'l-muʻawwidhatayn, ed. Muḥammad Ḥāmid al-Fiqī. Beirut : Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmīyah, 1368/ 1949. 111pp.
  • Tafsīr al-mu'awwidhatayn.  Bombay:  Q Press,  1955. 15+109 pp.
  • Tafsīr al-mu`awwadhatain [Tafsīr] Surat al-Falaq wa'l-Nas. ed. Bashir Muhammad `Ayyun. Beirut-Damascus: Dar al-Bayān, 1428/2007. 152pp. *
  • ‬ Irshad al-Qur'ān wa'l-sunnah ila tariq al-munazarah wa-tashihiha wa-Bayān al-'ilal al-mu'aththirah. Beirut +Damascus : Dar al-Fikr al-Mu'asir ; Dar al-Fikr, 1996. 183 pp.
  • al-Amthal fi al-Qur'ān al-karim. Beirut : Dar al-Ma'rifah, 1981. 287 pp.
  • al-Amthāl fî ’l-Qur’ān al-karîm. Ed. by S. M. N. al- Khatîb. Beirut 1403/1983.  287 pp.
  • Badā'i` al-tafsīr : al-jāmi` li-tafsīr al-Imām Ibn Qayyim al-Jawzīyah, 5 vols.  Ed. compiled etc., Yusri al-Sayyid Muhammad.  jama`ahu wa-waththaqa nuṣūṣahu wa-kharraja aḥādīthahu Yusrī al-Sayyid Muḥammad. al-Dammām : Dār Ibn al-Jawzī, 1414/ 1993.


Al-Tibyan fi Aqsam al-Quran التبيان في أقسام القرآن

  • Tibyan fi aqsam al-Qur'ān. Beirut : Dar al-Ma'rifah, 1352/ 1933. 431 pp.

  • al-Tibyān fi aqsām al-Qurān. al-Riyāḍ : Maktabat al-Riyāḍ al-Ḥadītha, 196??. 280pp. 

  • Tibyan fi aqsam al-Qur'ān. Beirut : Dar al-Ma'rifah, XXXX/1979. 431 pp.

  • al-Tibyān fî aqsām al-Qur’ān. [Repr. Cairo 1388 / 1968 ed.]. Beirut c. 1985. 280 pp.

  • al-Tibyān fî aqsām al-Qur’ān. Edited with appendix by T. Y. Shāhīn. Cairo c. 1968. 280 pp.

  • al-Tibyan fi aqsam al-Qur'ān. Beirut: Mu'assasat al-Risalah, 1994. 455 pp

  • al-Tibyan fi aqsam al-Quran. al-Maktaba al-`Asriyya, XXXX/ 2003. 262pp.


Ibn Qutayba, Abī Muhammad 'Abd-Allāh b. Muslim al-Dīnawarī b. Qutayba (d.     /889).

  • Tafsīr Gharīb al-Qur'ān, ed. al-Sayyid Aḥmad Saqr. Cairo 1958 / • Beirut 1978
  • Ta'wīl mushkil al-Qur'ān [The Interpretation of the Diffī culties of the Qur'ān] ed. al-Sayyid Aḥmad Saqr, Cairo 1954 + 1973
  • Ta'wīl mushkil al-Qur'ān. Cairo: Markaz al-Ahram li'l-Tarjama wa'l-Nashr, 1989.
  • Tafsîr gharîb al-Qur’ān. Edited by S. Aḥmad Saqar. . [Reprint of the Cairo  2 vols. 1378/1958 ed.]. Beirut 1398/1978. (579 pp).
  • Medina 1981 + Maktabat al-`Ilmiyya, n.p.n.d. *
    Ibn Qutayba-Lecomte G. Lecomte,
  • Le traité des divergences du hadit d'lbn Qutayba, Damascus 1962.

Ibn Salām = Abū  `Ubayd al-Qāsim ibn  Salām [ al-Harawī ](d. 157/224).

Sunnī Hadith  scholar and philologist.

  • Kitāb Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān = , Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān, Ed. Wahbī Sulaymān Khawajī, Beirut 1411/1991
  • Kitāb Fada'il al-Qur'ān.  ed. Marwān al-‘Atīyah, Muhsin Kharābah, Wafā' Taqī al-Dīn,  Damascus: Dar Ibn Kathir, 1995

  • Kitāb Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān  (3rd printing) Damascus-Beirut: Dār Ibn Kathīr, 1420/1999. 478pp. incl. indexes.

  • Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān. Beirut: al-Maktaba al-`Asriyya, 1426/2005  ISBN 9953-34-397-7 (176pp.).*  
  • Gharīb al-Ḥadīth,
  • Gharīb = Ghanb al-ḥadīth, ed. Muhammad 'Abd al-Mu'īd Khān, 4 vols., Hyderabad 1384-7/1964-7.
  •  2 vols., Beirut 1406/1986;
  • ed. Husayn Muhammad M. Sharaf et al.,  4 vols., Cairo 1404-15/1984-94;
  • ed. Mas'ūd Hijāzī et al., Cairo 1419/1999
  • Kitāb al-Nāsikh wa-l-mansukh, ed. J. Burton, Cambridge 1987


Ibn Shāhīn =   al-Ẓāhiri Ghars al-Din Khalīl Ibn Shāhīn (813- AH = c. 1411-c.1469 CE).  *

See EI2 III:935.

  • تفسير الأحلام، المسمى الاشارات في علم العبارات .An Oneirocritical treatise based on a work of Ibn Sālimī (fl.14th cent. CE)
  • Tafsīr al-aḥlām, Ishārāt fī ʻilm al-ʻibārāt , 2 vols in 1 . Cairo- Maʻādī al-Sarāyāt : Dār al-Kutubī, 1991.
  • ADD

Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muhammad ibn `Alī, Abū Ja`far (d. 588/1192).

Imami Shi`i writer See EI2 III:935 + EIr. ADD.

  • Mutashābih al-Qur'ān. Tehran: ADD

Ibn Sīrīn, Muhammad (d. XXX/ 728-9).

Major figure in early Islamic dream interpretation.

  • تفسير أحلام التشاؤم
  • Tafsīr al-aḥlām al-kabīr. 1963.  (420 pp. )
  • Tafsīr aḥlām al-tafāʾul  li-Ibn Sīrīn ;  ed. ʻAbd al-Ḥafīẓ Bayḍūn. : Beirut : Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmīyah, 1990. (375/428 pp.)

Ibn Taymiyyah = Taqi al-Din, `Abū 'l-`Abbās Aḥmad ibn `Abd-Allāh al-Halim  (d.728/1328).

  • Muqaddima fī uṣūl al-tafsīr.  Riyadh 1382/1962 + Beirut 1392/1972;
  • Muqaddima fī uṣūl al-tafsīr. ed. `Adnan Zarzur,  Kuwait:  Dār al-Qur'ān al-Karim 1391/1972.
  • Muqaddima  fī  usul al-Tafsīr [Treatise on the Principles of Tafsīr].  trans. McAuliffe, Jane, D. in J. Renard ed. 1998
  • Int. Tafsīr `Introductory Treatise on the Principles of Tafsīr’, trans. McAuliffe, Jane, D. in J. Renard ed. 1998
  • Tafsīr al-Kabīr, ed. `Abd al-Rahman `Amira, 6 vols.  Dār al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, n. d. [1990s?]. *
  • Tafsīr Sūrat al-Nur, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya,  1404/1983 (188pp.)*
  • Tafsīr Sūrat al-Nur, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Arabi,  1413/1993 (140pp.) *

Dr. Muhammad Jazbi,

  • Ibn Taymiyyah... Beirut: `Alam al-Kitāb, 1407/1987 (512pp.). *

Kitāb Muqaddimat al-Tafsīr

  • Kitāb Muqaddimat al-Tafsīr in Majmu` Fatāwa Shaykh al-Islām Imām Aḥmad ibn Taymiyya, vol. 13  n.p. ([Cairo ?]: 1398/1978, pp. 5-229.*

Jane Dammen McAuliffe.

  • Int. Tafsir `Introductory Treatise on the Principles of Tafsir’,  trans. McAuliffe, Jane, D. in J. Renard ed. 1998. *

  • "Ibn Taymiyyah’s Muqaddimatun fi usul al-Tafsīr." Windows on the House of Islam: Muslim Sources
    on Spirituality and Religious Life. Ed. J. Renard. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.


Ibn Wahb =  'Abd-Allāh ibn Wahb  (125/743-197/812) or (742 or 3 - 812 or 13 ).

  • 'Abd-Allāh ibn Wahb  (125/743-197/812) Leben und Werk : al-Muwatta', Kitāb al-Muharaba / herausgegeben und kommentiert von Miklos Muranyi ,  Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 1992 =  ISBN 3447032847.

  • Ibn Wahb, ‘Abd Allah, Jami‘. German & Arabic al-Gāmi‘ : Tafsīr al-Qur'ān : (die Koranexegese) / herausgegeben und kommentiert von Miklos Muranyi , Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 1993 *

 al-Īmādī, Muhammad ibn Muhammad Abū’l-Su`ūd  (d. 982/1574),

ابو السعود محمد بن محمد

Click to Detail

  • Tafsīr Abī al-Suʻūd al-musammā Irshād al-ʻaql al-salīm ilā mazāya al-Qurʼān al-karīm ed. Muḥammad Muḥammad ʻAbd-al-Laṭif. Cairo: al-Maktabah al-Ḥusayniyya  al-Misriyya,  1347/1928.

  • Tafsīr Abī al-Saʻūd al-musammá Irshād al-ʻaql al-salīm ilá mazāyā al-Qurʼān al-karīm by Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Abū al-Saʻūd  ed. Muḥammad ʻAlī Ṣubayḥ . [Cairo] :         1372/1952-3. 

  •   تفسير أبي السعود : أو إرشاد العقل السليم إلى مزايا الكتاب الكريم = Tafsīr Abī al-Suʻūd : aw irshād al-ʻaql al-salīm ilá mazāyā

  • al-Kitāb al-karīm. ed. ʻAbd al-Qādir Aḥmad ʻAṭā.  vols.  al-Riyādh : Maktabat al-Riyādh al-Ḥadīthah, c. 1971? 

  • Tafsīr Abi'l Su`ūd, 5 vols., ed.ʻAbd al-Qādir Aḥmad ʻAṭā. al-Riyadh: Maktabat al-Riyādh al-Ḥadīthah.,   n. d.

  • تفسير أبي السعود : أو إرشاد العقل السليم إلى مزايا الكتاب الكريم = Tafsīr Abī al-Suʻūd, aw, Irshād al-ʻaql al-salīm ilá mazāyā al-Kitāb al-Karīm  ed. ʻAbd al-Laṭīf ʻAbd al-Raḥmān  Beirūt : Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmīyah, 1999.

  • Tafsīr Abi’l-Su`ūd aw Irshād al-`aql al-salīm ilā mazājat al-kitāb al-karīm 6 Vols. Beirut: Dar al Kitab al Arabi ,  c. 2000?  2873pp.

  • [Tafsīr Abū’l-Su`ūd] Irshād al-`aql al-salīm ilā mazājat al-kitāb al-karīm, 7 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyya, 1419/1998. 

al-Isfahanī, al-Rāghib,  Abū  al-Qasim al-Husayn ibn Muhammad (d. 1108-9)

. al-Mufradat fī  gharib al-Qur'ān : manuscript, [nd]. 1 v. ; 26 cm. ... (ADD/ADD)

  • Mu`jam Mufradat Alfaz al-Qur'ān. Ed. Nadim Mar'ashli. Beirut:  Dār al-Kitāb al-`Arabi, 1392/1972.

Islahī, Amīn Ahsan Işlahī (b. Bamhor, Azamgarh [India] 1904 d. Lahore [Pakistan]1997)

Indian born Urdu Qur'ān commentator and writer.

Qur'ān Commentary & Select works.

  • Tadabbur-i Qur'ān, 8 vols., Lahore 1967-80
  • Mabadi Tadabbur-i-Qur’an (Principles of Understanding the Qur’an).
  • Mabadi-i Tadabbur-i Hadith (Principles of Understanding the Hadith).
  • Tazkiyah-i Nafs,
  • Da’wat-i Dinaurus ka Tariqa-i kar,
  • Islami Mu’asharah mein ‘Awrat ka Muqam
  • Falsafay key Bunyadi Masa’il: Qur’an-i Hakim ki Raushni mein.

  • Tadabbur-e-Quran (Pondering Over the Qur'ān): Volume I - Tafsīr of Surah al-Fatihah and Al-Baqarah) by Amin Ahsan Islahi (translated by Mohammad Saleem Kayani).  694pp.  ISBN 978-983-9154-88-7
  • URL English trans.


Jābir ibn Yazid ibn al-Ḥārith al-Ju`fī  (d.128/745-6).

Late `Umayyad period Kufan Shi`ite transmitter of Ḥadīth and a close associate of (the fī fth twelver) Imam Muhammad al-Bāqir (d. c.126/743) to whom a Tafsīr is also attributed (see below). He was much lauded by Shiite extremists and widely viewed as an expert in Tafsīr. He often expressed a pro-`Alid Qur'ānic exegesis-eisegesis. For some details see Modarressi 20003 1:86-103.

  • Kitāb al-Tafsīr ("The Book of Commentary"). Portions of this early commentary are cited in various Sunni and Shī`ī sources including, for example (?), the Uṣūl and Rawḍat al-Kāfī  of Kulaynī (vol. 1:2-8-9 and 8:379-81) and the Tafsīr of al-`Ayyāshī (see above).

Ja'far al-Ṣādiq (d.145/765) - the sixth (twelver) Shī`ī Imam.

An important though little studied major fountainhead of Imami Shī`ī hadith and Tafsīr traditions treasured by Sufī s and others.

"Editions of separate Qur’an commentaries are available for Ja`far al-Sādiq (Nwyia, 1968a), Nūrī (Nwyia, 1968b), Ibn`Atā’ (Nwyia, 1973, pp. 23–182) and Hallāj (Massignon, 1968, pp. 359–412)These four tafsīrs have been reproduced (with Nwyia’s original French introductions to his editions of the commentaries by Ja`far al-Sādiq and Ibn ‘Atā’ translated into Persian) in Pūrjavādī (1369, pp. 1–292)... " (Rostom, Mohammed in `Forms of Gnosis in Sulamī’s Sufi Exegesis of the Fātiha' in Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, Vol. 16, No. 4 (October 2005),  p. 336. fn.4.

al-Tafsir al-Sufi li al-Imam al-Sadiq

  • Tafsīr in ADD
  • al-Tafsīr al-Sūfī li'l-Qur'ān  `ind al-Ṣādiq... Beirut:  Dār al-Andalus, 1979.  272pp.*
  • Kāmil al-Tafsīr al-Sufi al-`Irfani li'l-Qur'ān. ed Dr. `Ali Za`ur. Paris: Dar al-Bouraq, 272 + iv pp. N.d.*
  • Kitab al-Taqsim fi Ta`bir al-Hulm (Tafsīr al-nafsi al-jasadi wa'l-sufi al-akhlaqi lil-hulm wa'l-ramz wa'l-muqaddas. ed Dr. `Ali Za`ur. Paris: Dar al-Bouraq, 2004. 497pp. *

Nwyia, Paul,

  • Le Tafsīr mystique attibué a Ga`far Sadiq, Melanges  de'l-Universitie Saint-Joseph, 1967. *
  • Exégèse coranique et langage mystique : nouvel essai sur le lexique technique des mystiques musulmans . Recherches (Université Saint-Joseph (Beirut, Lebanon) Institut de lettres orientales) ; vol. . 49. Beyrouth:  Dār el-Machreq, 1970. 
  • `Le Tafsīr Mystique Attribue  a` Ja`far Ṣādiq," in Melanges de L'Universite Saint-Joseph, vol. 43:4, Beirut, 1968.

  • Exegese Coranique et Langage Mystique, Beirut, 1970  (trans. as Tafsīr-e Qur`ānī  va-zabān-e `erfānī, tr. by Esmā`īl Sa`ādat, Tehran, 1373 Sh./ 1994.

  • Trois oeuvres inedites de mystiques musulmans (Le Tafsīr d'ibn `Aṭā’), Beirut, 1973.

  • art. `Ishāra' EI2 IV:114.

Zadeh, Ensieh Nasrollahi

  • "The Qur'ān Commentary Attributed to Imam Ja'far Sadiq (a.s.): A Study of its Dating and Interpretive Method," Ph.D. diss., University of Birmingham, UK, 2003.

See also extracts in translation in Michael Sells

  • Early Islamic Mysticism NJ: Paulist Press, 1996, esp. pp. ADD.


Jalālayn - see Tafsīr  Jalālayn :

Jalāl al-Dīn al-al-Suyūṭī  (d.911/1505) +

Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad ibn Aḥmad al-Maḥallī (d. 864/1459)  [see al-Suyūṭī  below].

  • Kitāb al-jalālayn fī tafsīr al-qurʾān. 2 vols. in 1   Cairo, 1870. ([i], 182+ 2, 203 pp.).

  • 2 vols. 1st ed. [Cairo]: Matba`at al-Amira, 1318-19/1900-1901. vol.1 Pt. 1-256+293 [549]pp+ Pt. 2 : Vol.2 = Pt. 3 293 pp. + Pt. 4 304 pp. [597pp.] Contains Shaykh Aḥmad al-Ṣāwa al-Māliki's ḥashiyya at the end of vol. 2. Reprinted [in Istanbul?] by Mustafa Effendi Fahmi, 1318/1900-01. Check this... *

  • Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, Damascus 1385/1965.

  • Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, Damascus 1398/1978.

  • Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, ed. Ṣabrī Muhammad Mūsā + Muhammad Fā’iz Kāmil,  Damascus / Lebanon: Dār al-Khayr,  2003.

  • ADD

  . محمد بن عبد الرحمن الخميس Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Rahman al-Khamīs

  • أنوار الهلالين في التعقبات على الجلالين  = Anwār al-hilalayn fī'l-ta`qibāt `alā al-Jalālayn written 1414/ ADD.

  • URL =     .

 Musa, Sulaiman

  • `The Influence of Tafsīr Al-Jalālaynon Some Notable Nigerian Mufassirunin the Twentieth-Century Nigeria.' Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs; Oct 2000, Vol. 20 Issue 2, pp. 323-9.

  • Tafsīr Al-Jalālayn (= The Great Commentaries of the Holy Qur’an Series Volume I ). Translated by Dr. Feras Hamza General Editor: Ghazi bin Muhammad bin Talal. Amman, Jordon: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought & Fons Vitae Publishing (USA), 702 pp.  ISBN: 1891785168 ISBN 13: 9781891785160.

  • "Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, presented here in complete English translation for the first time ever, is the first work in The Great Commentaries on the Holy Qur’an series. The series aims to make widely available the leading exegetical works in translation for study and research in unabridged form, which are faithful to the letter and meaning of the Arabic.

  • Tafsīr Al-Jalālayn is one of the most significant Tafsīrs, or commentaries, for the study of the Quran. Composed by two "Jalāls"- Jalāl al-Din al-Mahalli (d. 1459CE) and Jalāl al-Din al-Suyuti (d. 1505CE), Tafsīr Al-Jalālayn is generally regarded as one of the most easily accessible works of Quranic exegesis beacause of its simple style and one volume length. For the first time ever Tafsīr al-Jalālayn is completely translated into an unabridged, highly accurate and readable annotated English translation by Feras Hamza... About the Translator: Dr Feras Hamza received his M. Phil and D. Phil in Islamic history from the University of Oxford. He has worked as a research assistant in Islamic history at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and is currently a Research Associate with the Qur’anic Studies Project at the Institute of Ismaili Studies in London. He is a specialist on early Islam and teaches courses in Islamic History, Quran and Tafsīr. Dr. Hamza is presently at work on a translation of Al-Baydawi’s Tafsīr and a monograph on the Birth of the Muslim Afterlife.




al-Jami' = al-Gāmī'  (= Die Koranswissenschaften), ed. M. Muranyi, Wiesbaden 1992

Title page in Arabic: al-Jāmi [fī ‘ulūm al-Qur'ān]. xiii, 289 p. : ill. ; 25 cm Series Quellenstudien zur Hadīt- und Rechtsliteratur in Nordafrika /  Facsimile and transcription of Manuskript Qairawān 224; commentary in German Title on added  Includes bibliographical references (p. [137]-148) and index Subjects Koran -- Early works to 1800 Alt name Muranyi, Miklos Other titles Jāmi‘ (fī ‘ulūm al-Qur'ān) OCLC # 29818080 ISBN 3447032839 *

  • al-Gāmi‘ : Tafsīr al-Qur'ān, Koranexegese 2 Teil I [ herausgegeben und kommentiert von Miklos Muranyi ] Publish info Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 1995 *

al‑Jāmī`= `Abd al‑Rahman al‑Jāmī` (d. 898/1492). Important Naqhshbandi [Khwājagānī] Sufī  poet and theologian of the school of Ibn al-`Arabī. 

I draw below on the Rizvi 2006 article cited below. A critical edition is planned by this writer who has listed 2006: fn 100 the following mss :

  • Tafsīr Fātiha and part of Surat al-Baqara (Q.2:1-40). Incomplete.

  • "MS Istanbul University Library 1285, dated 958/1551;

  • MS India Office Islamic 842, dated 960/1553;

  • MS Istanbul University Library 2682, dated 963/1556;

  • MS Kitābkhāna-yi `Umūmī-yi Äyat Allāh al-Marcashī 6744, dating from the 10th/16th century;

  • MS Bratislava University Library (Bašagic collection) TF 73, dated 1001/1592-3.

  • Rizvi also states "I will supplement readings from two further manuscripts that include the remainder of his exegesis: MS Princeton (Garrett-Yahuda Collection) 1397 and 2397, both dating from the 12th/18th century." (ibid).

  • MS India Office Islamic 842, "a codex that is a majmū'a of the kulliyyat (complete non-poetical works) of Jāmī in which the exegesis of the Fātiha is between folios 3v to 9v inclusive.101 The codex is dated Rabī` I 960/February-March 102 1553 and is thus the second oldest copy extant. The exegesis, according to the earliest witnesses, is supposed to be among Jāmī's last works, partly accounting for its rather incomplete nature..." (Rizvi, JQS 8/1  p. 73).

Rizvi, Sajjad H.

  • `The Existential Breath of al-rahman and the Munificent Grace of al-rahim': : The Tafsīr Sürat al-Fatiha of Jāmī and the School of Ibn `Arabī' in JQS 8/1 (2006)  pp.58-

  • Abstract : "The Existential Breath of al-rahman and the Munificent Grace of al-rahim: The Tafsīr Surat al-Fatiha of Jami and the School of Ibn 'Arabi' by  Sajjad Rizvi (University of Exeter)

  • "It has become commonplace to observe that every exegete brings to his commentary his own skills, pre-understandings and preconceptions about the text. Thus, when one reads a commentary from a particular perspective one expects to find the discipline and method of the exegete explicit in his work. This is especially true of philosophical and mystical commentaries on the Qur'ān. The current paper considers the case of the Tafsīr of the famous Persian poet 'Abd al-Rahman Jami (d. 898/1492) on the Fatiha, as an illustration of the metaphysics of the school of Ibn 'Arabi. In particular I will analyse his understanding of the basmala in the light of the Akbari doctrine of divine mercy, juxtaposing the famous chapter on Zechariah from the Fusus al-hikam, which presents the doctrine along with famous commentaries on it including that of Jami, with Jami's interpretation of the Qur'ānic verse. What emerges is a highly systematic hermeneutic of the word of God in terms of a human scheme of metaphysics, in this case the application of the doctrines of the school of Ibn 'Arabi to the understanding of the basmala."


al‑Jīlī, `Abd al‑Karīm ibn Ibrāhīm al-Jilī (d. c. 899/1428).

Shi`i Sufī  of the school of Ibn al-`Arabi. EI 2  ADD.

  • al-Kahf wa'l-Raqīm fī Sharḥ Bismillah al-Raḥman al-Raḥim. al-Maktabat al-Maḥmūdiyya al-Tijariyya. Cairo: XXX al-Jami` al-Azhar (32pp.).*
  • al‑Insān al‑kāmil fī ma`rifat al‑awākhir wa'l‑awā'il.  2 vols in 1. Cairo: Mustāfa al‑Bābī al‑ḥalabī, 1375/1956.  *

  • Titus Burckhardt, De L-Homme Universal `Abd al-Karim al-Jili extraits du Livre al-Insan al-Kamil., Paris: Dervy Livres, 1975, 1986 (103pp.)  *

  • `Abd al-Karīm al-Jīlī. Universal Man. Extracts translated by Titus Burckhardt. Beshara Publications, 1983 (75pp.).  *

Secondary Sources

 Zaydān, Yūsuf,

  • ʻAbd al-Karīm al-Jīlī, faylasūf al-Ṣūfīyah [Cairo] : al-Hayʾah al-Miṣrīyah al-ʻĀmmah lil-Kitāb, 1988. ( 266 pp.). 

al-Jubbā'ī = Abu 'Alī al-Jubbā'ī (d. 303/915)

  • Tafsīr Abu 'Alī al-Jubbā'ī. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, [2000?].

Gimaret, Daniel.

  • Une lecture Mu'tazilite du Coran: Le Tafsīr d'Abu 'Ali al-Djubbā'ī (m. 303/915), partiellement reconstitué à partir de ses dtateurs. Louvain and Paris: Peeters, 1994. 890pp.

al-Jurayrī =  see Abān ibn Taghib =  Abū Sa`īd ibn Taghib ibn Rabāḥ ibn Raba`ī al-Bakrī al-Jurayrī (c. 80/699? - 141/758)

al-Jurjānī  = 'Abd al-Qāhir al-Jurjāni (ADD/ADD).

  • Asrār al-balāgha, ed. H. Ritter, Istanbul 1954 *
  •  Dalā'il i'jāz al-Qur'ān, Cairo 1372; ed. Maḥmūd Muhammad Shākir, Cairo 1404/1984

Ka`bī, Abī al-Qāsim al-Ka`bi  (ADD/ADD).

  • Tafsīr Abī al-Qasim al-Ka`bi. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, [2000?].

Kāshifī, Ḥusayn Wā’iz-i (ADD/ADD).

Qur'ān Commentary = Mawāhib-i ’Aliyyah. ADD.

  • Tefsiri Mevakib, tercümei tefsiri Mevahib ... eden Ismail Ferruh. Istanbul 1282/1865. 2 vols in 1 (493+ vi+ 527 pp. 1st Turkish trans. of Kāshifî’s Koran commentary Özege 13360.


al-Kāshānī [al-Qāshānī], `Abd al-Razzāq  (d. 730/1330)

An important Persian fīgure in the school of  Ibn al-`Arabi (see above) and the author of around forty fīve Arabic and Persian works including several Arabic writings centered on the allegorical-mystical exegesis of the Qur'ān or portions thereof.

His Tafsīr is commonly printed under Ibn al`Arabi's name. Thus:

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-karīm, 2 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Yaqzah al-'Arabiyya, 1387/1967.  
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. 2 Vols . Edited by Mustafa Ghalib. Beirut:  Dār al-Andalus, 1399/1978 . *
  • Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-karīm lil-Shaykh al-akbar... al-`Allāmah Muḥyi al-Dīn Ibn al-`Arabī, ed. Mustafa  Ghālib, 2 vols., 3rd printing, Beirut, 1401/1981. 

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-karīm [Tafsīr Ibn `Arabī on cover ], 2 vols. Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-'Ilmiyya, 1422/2001.*
  • Risālah fī ta`wīl al-basmala ("Treatise on the Inner sense[s] of the Basmala"). mss.
  • Tafsīr  Ayat al-Kursī (Commentary on the Throne Verse) (Q.2:256). mss.
  • Tafsīr  Sūrat al-Jumu`ah (Commentary on the Surah of the Congregtion" ) [Q.62]. mss.
  • Majmu`a-yi Rasā'il Muṣannāfāt, Shaykh Kamal al-Din `Abd al-Razzāq al-Kāshānī (died 736 L.H.) edited by Majid Hadizadeh.  Tehran: Āyene-yi Miras, 2000. (771pp.). Contains an over 250 page introduction on `Abd al-Razzaq and his writings followed by the publiation of more than 16 of his Persian and Arabic writings.

 Lory, Pierre.

  •  Les Commentaires ésotériques du Coran d’aprés `Abd al Razzāq al Qāshānî. Paris: Les Deux Océans. 1980  *

al-Kāshānī = Fayḍ al-Kashānī = Muhammad ibn Murtadā al-Kāshāni /  Mullā Muḥsin Fayḍ al-Kashānī,  (d.1091/1680).

  • تفسير الصافي
  • al-Ṣāfī Tafsīr kalām Allāh al-wāfī  Lithograph calligraphed by  Muhamnad Riḍā ibn Amīr ibn `Abd-Allāh  al-Ṭayyib al-Khwānsārī , 1282/1865-6. Printed  in Persia by Muhammad Baqir al-Khwānsārī al-Tihrani in 1286/1869  (495pp.) . See Brockelmann GAL Supp. II:584; Tehrani, al-Dhari`a 15 (19); Gacek ALB [1996] No. 307 p.166.
  • al-Ṣāfī fī Tafsīr kalām Allāh al-wāfī  Lithograph 1283/1866. (folio, 494pp.) As above?
  • Tafsīr al-Ṣāfī  ed. Husayn al-A`lami, Beirut: Mu`assasat al-A`lami, 1379/1959.
  • al-Ṣafī fī tafsīr kalām Allāh al-wafī, ed. Husayn al-A'lamī, 5 vols., Beirut: ADD., 1399/1979. *

  • Tafsīr al-ṣāfī.  5 Vols., ed. Shaykh Ḥusayn al-A`lam. Mashhad: Sa`āda.  n.d.*

        Tafsir-i al-Saffi (5 vols.)Tafsir al-SafiTafsir as-Safi

  • Tafsīr al-ṣāfī.  5 Vols., [ed. Shaykh Ḥusayn al-A`lam?] Qum: Maktabat al-Sadr,  2000. 2288pp. ISBN: 964684751X
  • Tafsīr al-ṣāfī.  5 Vols. Beirut: Mu'asasat al-'Alami,


al-Kāzarūnī = Muhammad Rūzbihān Abū Muhammad ibn Abī Naṣr al-Baqalī al-Fasawī al-Kāzarūnī [Shirazi] (522-606 AH= 1128-1209 CE). See Rūzbihān al-Baqlī below.




al-Khū`ī. Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-Musawī (1317-43 AH= 1899-1992 CE).

Supreme Ayat-Allah of the Imami Twelver Shi`a  who spent 70 year in Najaf  and was imprisoned by Saddam  Hussein.

See Sachedina, Prolegomena o the Qur'ān, New York: OUP., 1998; Oliver Leaman in BEIP 2: 33-4.

  • al-Bayān fī  Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. Beirut: Mu`assasat al-A`lami li'l-Matbu`at, (3rd printing), 1394/1974. (557pp.).


al-Khāzin =  See  al-Baghdadi = `Alā' al-Dīn `Alī ibn Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Baghdadi al-Sufi (d. 741/1340)


Kirmānī, Ḥajji Mīrzā Muhammad Karim Khān Kirmānī (d. 1288/1871).

19th century Qajar period third Kirmānī Shaykhi leader. Pupil of Sayyid Kāẓim Rashtī (d. 1843) and follower of Shaykh Aḥmad al-Ahsa'i (d. 1826). 

  • Tafsīr Sūrat al-hujarat. Autograph mss. with marginalia; p.72-75 replaced later. - Brown leather binding. - 133 pages of text; 19 lines per page 180x110 mm (text: 120x65 mm) Author's manuscript (less than two years prior to his death), dated Rabi' I 1286?/ 1869. Ms.6 Box 1 in UCLA-Shaykhi Collection.

  • ADD

  • ADD

Kisāʼī, ʻAlī ibn Ḥamzah (d. XXX/804-5??).

كسائي , علي بن حمزة.

  • متشابه القرآن : أول معجم مفهرس للقرآن الكريم / لأبي الحسن علي بن حمزة الكسائي = Mutashābih al-Qurʼān : awwal muʻjam mufahras lil-Qurʼān al-Karīm / li-Abī al-Ḥasan ʻAlī ibn Ḥamzah al-Kisāʼī ; ḥaqqaqahu wa-qaddama la-hu Ṣubayḥ al-Tamīmī..Ṭarābulus, al-Jamāhīrīyah al-ʻUẓmá : Kullīyat al-Daʻwah al-Islāmīyah wa-Lajnat al-Ḥifāẓ ʻalá al-Turāth al-Islāmī, 1402/ ‬1994. 224pp.
  • al-Kāfī fī qirāʼat al-Imām al-Kasāʼī / iʻdād khirrījāt al-dufʻah al-ḥādiyah wa-al-arbaʻūn lil-faṣl al-dirāsī al-awwal lil-ʻām 1417 H, Jāmiʻat al-Imām Muḥammad ibn Saʻūd al-Islāmīyah, Kullīyat Uṣūl al-Dīn, Qism al-Qurʼān wa-ʻUlūmih. al-Riyāḍ : Lajnat Aṣdiqāʼ al-Marḍá bi-al-Ghurfah al-Tijārīyah bi-al-Riyāḍ, 1419/ ‬1998. 506pp.‬


al-Lāhijī, Muhammad ibn Shaykh `Alī al-Sharīf, `Abd al-Razzaq ( d. 1072/1661). Shi`i Tafsīr.      

     • Tafsīr-i sharīf-i Lāhijī. ed. Mīr Jalāl al-Din Ḥusaynī Armavī. / ed. Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Āyatī. 4 Vols. Tehran: Mu’assasih-i Maṭbū`āt al-`Ilmī, 1340/1961. *

    • Tafsīr-i sharīf-i Lāhijī. ed. Mīr Jalāl al-Din Ḥusaynī Urmawī. Vols. 3-4 ed. Muhammad Ibrāhīm Āyatī. 4 Vols. Tehran: Mu’assasih-i Maṭbū`āt al-`Ilmī, 1340/1961 (4 vols. = 856+ 945+938+898 pp.). *


Majlisī, Muhammad-Bāqir b. Muhammad-Taqī Majiisï (d. 1111/1699-1700).
  • Biḥār al-anwar  1st ed.  Tehran 25/15 vols. Tehran:    1887-98.
    Bihār al-anwār  2  110 vols. Tehran: al-Maktabah al-Islamīyah, 1387-92/1956-72. *
  • Bihar 2 Biḥār al-anwār  2nd ed 110 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Iḥyā al-Turāth al-`Arabī, 1376-94/1956-74 and 1403/1983.  *
    Bihar 2 vols. XCII+XCIII are especially relevant to Tafsīr.
  • Hayat = Ḥayāt al-qulūb.  5 vols. Ed. Sayyid `Alī Imamiyān. Intishārāt Surūr, 1375-6 Sh/ 1997-8
al-Marāghī, Aḥmad Mustafa (1881-1945 CE). 
Egyptian Shaykh of al-Azhar influenced by Muhammad Abduh...
تفسير المراغي
 See full size image
  • Tafsīr al-Marāghī, Cairo : Mustafa Babi al-Halabi, طبعة مصطفى البابي الحلبي بمصر 1345/1946
  • Tafsīr al-Marāghī,  ed. XXXXX  10 vols.  Cairo + Beirut: Dār Iḥyā/ al-Turāth al-`Arabī., n.d [1990?]. *



أبو الحسن علي بن محمد الماوردي
al-Marwardī = Abu’l- Hasan `Ali ibn Muhammad al-Marwardī (d. 450/1058)

A Shafi`i Sunni Muslim thinkers, jurist...

Tafsir al Mawardi (1/6) (Ar)
  •  تفسير النكت والعيون/ الماوردي 
  • Tafsīr al-Marwardi, al-Nukat wa'l-ayūn. 6 vols. Ed. Sayyid `Abd al-Maqsud. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 3032pp. ISBN: 2-7451-0598-1
  • al-Nukat wa'l-ayūn, Tafsīr al-Marwardi.  Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2007 6 vols. 3032 pp,



أبو منصور الماتريدي

al-Māturīdī =  Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Mahmud Abū  Manṣūr al-Samarqandi al-Māturīdī  al-Hanafī  (d. Maturid in Samarqand 333/944-5.).  

  • تأويلات أهل السنة - تفسير الماتريدي
  • Kitāb Ta'wīlāt al-Qur'ān ("Book of the Interpretations of the Qur'ān"), ADD
  • Tafsīr.1971- v. facsims. 27 cm.
  • Ta’wilat ahl al-sunna, Topkapı Sarayı Müzesi Madina Dept no. 180. ms.
  • Ta'wīlāt ahl al-sunna, ed. Ibrahim  and Sayyid `Awadayn, Cairo: ADD., 1391/1971
  • Ta'wīlāt ahl al-sunna, ed. Jasim Muhammad al-Juburi. Baghdad: ADD., 1404/1983,
  • Ta’wilat ahl al-sunna, Faṭima Yusuf al-Khiyami (ed.) Beirut: Add, 2004.
  • Ayat wa suwar min Ta'wīlāt al-Qur'ān, ed. Ahmet Vanlioglu et Bekir Topaloglu, with turkish translation by Bekir Topaloglu, Istanbul: Acar Matbaacilik (Imam Ebu Hanife ve Imam Maturidi Arastirma Vakfī ), 2003, 165+128 pp.
  • Kitab al-tawIid, ed. Bekir Topaloglu and Muhammed Aruçi (ed.). Ankara, 2003.
  • Ta'wīlāt ahl al-sunna, 5 vols., ed. Fāṭima Yūsuf Khaymi, Beirut: Mu'assasat al-Risāla, 1425/ 2004, ISBN 9953-32-096-9. Inadequate version based on inferior mss.
  • Ta'wīlāt ahl al-sunna, Tafsīr al-Māturīdi. 10 vols. ed. B. Majdi. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2005  (6232pp.)


    Koçoglu, Kıyasettin. 

     2005. ‘Maturidi’nin Mutezileye Bakı≥ı’. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü


Mawdūdï, Sayyid Abū al-A`lā  (b. 1903 Aurangabad city of Hyderabad, India. d. Buffalo, New York 1979).
سيد ابو الاعلى المودودی 
Towards Understanding the Qur'an Vol. I: Surahs al-Fatihah, al-Baqarah, and Al 'Imran (Maududi)Click to enlarge
  • "Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi: Tafheem ul Quraan (in Urdu) Tafheem ul Quraan (in English) - One of the most widely read Tafsīr, is another relatively modern exegesis of the Quran. It is written mostly for the general public with a view to relate the Islamic teachings to all sphere's of life. It is criticized for its free style explanations. It has been translated to different languages."  (from Wikepedia, Tafsīr).

  • The English rendering by Zafer Ishaq Ansari is Towards Understanding the Qur'ān" (from Wikepedia, Tafsīr).

  • Tafhīm al-Qur'ān, Towards Understanding the Qur'ān. ed and trans. Zafar Ishaq Ansari. XXX: The Islamic Foundation, 1988.  *

  • The Meaning of the Qur'ān (Mawdudi trans.). 6 vol. (set), Maulana Mawdudi/Abdul Aziz Kamal Publisher: Islamic Publications, Lahore, 4000+pp. ISBN: 1567441343


Maybudī,  Rashīd al-Dīn Abu al-Fadl (d. after 520/1126) Author of an important ten volume early Persian Tafsīr work.
رشيدالدين ميبدى

This ten volume commentary explains the Qur'ānic verses in terms of (1) literal meaning, (2) historical and doctrinal background, and (3) spiritual signifīcance often exposing Sufī  teachings as derived from `Abd-Allāh al-Anṣārī of Herat (396-481 AH = 1006-1089 CE), author of the Ṭabaqāt al-ṣūfiyya;  Sad Maydan and Manā`zil al-sā'irin.

 Click to enlarge

Kashf al-asrār wa`uddat al-abrār = `Tafsir Khwajah `Abd-Allah al-Ansari'.

  •  تفسير كشف الاسرار

  • Kashf al-asrār wa`uddat al-abrār [The Unveiling of he Mysteries and the Preparation of the Pious], 10. vols ed. `Alī Asghar Ḥikmat.  Tehran: Intishārāt Dānishgāhī, 1952-1960.*

  • نواخوان بزم صاحبدلان : گزيدۀ کشف الاسرار و عدة الابرار = Navākhvān-i bazm-i ṣāḥibdilān : guzīdah-ʼi Kashf al-asrār va ʻuddat al-abrār. ed.   گزينش و گزارش از رضا انزابى نژاد. انزابى نژاد، رضا. Riz̤ā Anzābīʹnizhād. 2nd ed. Tehrān : Jāmī, 1375 / 1997

  • Kashf al-asrār wa`uddat al-abrār 10. vols ed. `Alī Asghar Ḥikmat. Tehran:  Mu'asasat Intisharat Kabir: 2008?.


Masarrat, H.

  •  Kitāb  shenāsī-yi `Abū  al-Faḍl Rashīd-al-Dīn Maybudī, Tehran, 1374 Sh./1995. 

Keeler, Anabel (Wolfson College, Cambridge).

  • Sufi Hermeneutics, The Qur'ān Commentary of Rashid al-Din Maybudi. Oxford: Oxford Universirty Press, 2007  (416pp.)





 مجاهد بن جبر   Mujāhid ibn Jabr.

al-Mujāhid, Abū’l-Ḥajjaj Mujāhid ibn  Jabr al-Makkī (d. c. 104/722).

An important, possibly proto-Shi`i collector of pre-Islamic lore and related exegetical materials.

  • al-Tafsīr, ed. 'Abd al-Rahmān b. Tāhir b. Muhammad al-Suwartī, Qatar 1976.
  • Tafsīr al-Imam Mujāhid ibn Jabr. ed. Muhammad 'Abd al-Salām Abū’l-Nīl.  [Cairo: ] Dar al-Fikr al-Islami al-Haditha, 1989/1410 (789pp.).*

Stauth, Georg.

  • Die Überlieferung des Korankommentars Mugahid B. Gabrs; zur Frage der Rekonstruktion der in den Sammelwerken des 3.Jh.d.H. benutzten frühislamischen Quellenwerke. Inaug. Diss. Giessen.


al-Mu'ayyad fī'l-Dīn Shirāzī =

Hibbat-Allāh Abū  Naṣr  ibn Mūsā al-Shirazi  = al-Mu'ayyad fī 'l-Dīn Shirāzī (d.470/1077).

Fāṭimid Isma'ili commentator. See Poonawalla EI2 5:270; Reynolds, 2001:145-155: Klemm 2003.

  • al-Majālis al-Mu'ayyadiyyah,   vols. 1 and 3  Mustafa Ghalib. Beirut, 1974-1984.
  • al-Majālis al-Mu'ayyadiyyah,  vols 1 and 2  ed. Ḥātim Hamid al-Din.  Oxford and Bombay, 1395-1407/1975-1986.
  • al-Majālis al-Mu'ayyadiyyah,  vols 1 ed. Ḥātim Ibn Ibrahim + Muhammad `Abd al-Qadir  `Abd al-Nasir  [= Silsilat Nafa'is al-fīkr al-Islami, No. 2]. Cairo: ADD.  1395/1975.

"A collection of 800 majālis in eight volumes, each containing 100 majālis on a variety of topics, dealing mainly with Ismaili ta'wïl, ethics, theology, philosophy and eschatology, including esoteric interpretations of Qur'ānic verses and ḥadith. These lectures were delivered by al-Mu'ayyad during the majālis al֊-ḥikma in Cairo." (Klemm 2003:114).

  • Masā'il al-sab`ūn fi'l-ta'wīl... "Seventy questions and answers dealing with allegorical interpretations of Qur'ānic verses and hadīths, and a variety of themes". (ibid, 114). mss.
  • مذكرات داعي دعات الدولة الفاطمية = Mudhakkirāt Dāʻī Duʻāt al-Dawlah al-Fāṭimīyah. ed. Arif Tamir.  Beirut : Muʼassasat ʻIzz al-Dīn, 1983


Muhammad Kāmil Husayn (1901-1961)(ed).

  • سيرة المؤيد في الدين داعي الدعاة : ترجمة حياته بقلمه =  Sīrat al-Muʼayyad fī al-Dīn dāʻī al-duʻāh : tarjamat ḥayātuh bi-qalamih by Muʼayyad fī al-Dīn Hibat Allāh ibn Mūsá;  Cairo: Dār al-Kātib al-Miṣrī, 1949.

"The memoirs of al-Mu'ayyad's activities and experiences in the service of the Fatimid Caliph-Imam al-Mustansir, consisting of two parts and a postscript...." (Klemm, 2003:15).

  • Dīwān al-Mu`ayyad fī 'l-Din Dā`ī al-Du`āt ed. Muhammad Kāmil Husayn, Cairo: Dar al-Kutub, XXXX/ 1949. "A collection of 62 qasldas of varying lengths, expressing the whole range of Ismaili themes and motifs across the various poetic genres of panegyric, elegy, munajat and description of self." (Klemm, ibid, 115).

Cortese, Delia.

  • Ismaili and Other Arabic Manuscripts: A Descriptive Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Library of The Institute of Isma'ili Studies, London 2000.

Gacek, Adam.

  • Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts in the Library of The Institute of Ismaili Studies. London, 1984. vol.1

Klemm, Verena.

  • Memoirs of a Mission, The Isma'ili Scholar, Statesman and Poet al-Mu'ayyad fī 'l-Dīn Shirāzī. London, New York: I.B. Tauris, Institute of Isma'ili Studies, 2003. ISBN 1-85043-422-0. (160pp.).

Poonawala, Ismail K.

  • Biobibliography of Ismā'īlī Literature. Malibu, CA, 1977, pp. 103-109.

Qutbuddin, Bazat-Tahera.

  •  al-Mu'ayyad al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī: Founder of a New Tradition of Fatimid Da'wa Poetry. Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University, 1999, pp.341-349. (Qutbuddin's bibliography of al-Mu'ayyad's works is the most recent and complete one.) 
  • Al-Muʾayyad al-Shīrāzī and Fatimid Daʿwa Poetry: A Case of Commitment in Classical Arabic Literature, 412 pp., vol. 57 in the series Islamic History and Civilization, ed. Wadad Kadi and Rotraud Wielandt, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2005.

Muscati, Jawad

  • Life and lectures of the grand missionary Al-Muayyad-Fid-Din al-Shirazi 2.  Karachi Ismailia Association, 1950


Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn al-Husayn al-Bāqir (b. Medina c. 56-57/676 - d. c.117/735), the fifth (twelver) Shī`ī Imam.

See EI2 VII:397-400 (Kohlberg)

An important though little studied major fountainhead of Imami Shī`ī hadith and Tafsīr traditions. His Tafsīr is mentioned in the Fihrist of Ibn al-Nadīm and seems to have been available to Ibn Tāwūs (see Kohlberg, 1992: 339-341; Modarressi, 2003:37-38)..

  • Tafsīr mansūb ilā [Abī Ja`far] al-Bāqir /  Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. Transmitted by Abū al-Jārūd and cited in numerous Shi`i sources including the Bihar al-anwar  of Muhammad Bāqir Majlisī (e.g. vol. XIII: 45-6). It was partly incorporated into the Tafsīr al-Qummi (see below).

 Muḥsin,  ʻAbd al-Ḥamīd, Qaḥṭān ʻAbd al-Raḥmān al-Dūrī.

  • al-Tafsīr  [Baghdad] : Wizārat al-Taʻlīm al-ʻĀlī wa'l-Baḥth al-ʻIlmī, 1980. (140 pp. )

Mukarram, 'Abd al-Āl Salim Mukarram, (add/add).

  • Mu'jam al-qira'at al-Qur'āniyya, 8 vols, to date, Kuwait 1982-

مقاتل بن سليمان

Muqātil  ibn Sulayman = Abū’l-Ḥasan Muqātil  ibn Sulayman ibn Basir  al-Azdī al-Balkhī [al-Khurāsānī] (d. Basra 150 /767).

 Ibn al-Nadim, 179; Ta'rikh Baghdad XIII: 161,3; Sezgin GAS 1:36-7.

Possibly a Zaydī (Shī`ī) commentator and theologian.

  • تفسير مقاتل بن سليمان

  • Tafsir Muqatil, ms. Hasan Hüsnü Pasa no. 17 

  • Tafsir Muqatil b. Sulayman  5 vols. (ed) `Abd Allah Maḥmud Shaḥata, 1979–88.

  • Tafsir Tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 5 vols. ed. 'Abdullah Maḥmud Shiḥāta, 5 vols. Cairo, 1969 .*

  • Tafsīr Muqātil b. Sulayman. Edited by 'Abdallah Mahmūd Shihāta. 5 vols. Cairo: al-Hay'ah al-Mişriyyah al-'Āmmah lil-Kitāb, 1979.
    Tafsīr Muqātil b. Sulaymān. Ed. `Abd‑Allāh Maḥmūd Shiḥāta . 4+1 vols. Cairo: 1979‑1988.*

  • al-Tafsīr, ed. 'Abdallāh Maḥmūd Shihāta, 5 vols., Cairo 1980-7.
  • Muqatil b. Sulayman, Tafsir (ed.) Aḥmad Farid  Beirut. 2003.
  • Tafsīr Muqātil b. Sulaymān. 5 vols. ed. 'Abdullah Maḥmud Shihāta. Beirut: Mu`assat al-Tārīkh al-`Arabī. 1423/2002.*  
  • Tafsīr Muqātil b. Sulaymān. ed. `Abd-Allāh Maḥmūd Shiḥāta 5 vols. Beirut: Mu`assat al-Tārīkh al-`Arabī. 1423/2003.
  • Tafsīr Muqātil b. Sulaymān. ed. Aḥmad Farid Mazidi 3 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya,  1423/2003 (1504pp.). Without acknowledgement this edition,  is partly based on the earlier Cairo printing.
  • Tafsīr al-khams mi'at āya min al-Qur'ān. Mss. Brit. Lib. Ms. Or. 6333. 114ff - Sezgin GAL 1:37.
  • Tafsīr al-khams mi'at āya min al-Qur'ān, ed. I. Goldfeld, Shfaram 1980.
  • Kitab al-Lughat fi'l-Qur'ān.
  • Wujūh ḥarf al-Qur'ān.

  • al-Ishāra wa'l-nazā'ir fī'l-qur'ān al-karīm li-Muqātil b. Sulaymān al-Balkhī. ed.  'Abdullah Maḥmud Shihāta. Beirut:  Dār al-Gharīb  2001.
  • al-Ashbāh wa'l-nagaïr' fī’ l-Qur'ān al-karīm, ed. 'Abdallāh Maḥmūd Shihāta, Cairo: al-Hay`at al-Miṣriyyat al-`Amma li'l-Kitab, 1395/1975. 
  • al-Ashbah wa al-naÂa’ir fi al-Qur’an al-karim, ed. `Abd Allah Mahmud Shihata Cairo :  1994. 

Gilliot, Claude

  • Muqatil, grand exégète, traditionniste et théologien maudit, JA, 279 (1991/1-2), 39-92

Versteegh, C. H. M.

  • Arabie Grammar and Qur'ānic Exegesis in Early Islam. Studies in Semitic Languages and Lingusitics, XIX. Edited by J. H. Hospers and C. H. M. Versteegh. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1993.
  • "Grammar and Exegesis: The Origins of Kufan Grammar and the Tafsīr Muqatil." Der Islam 67 (1990): 206-42.

al-`Arūsī,  Muhammad.

  • ‘Muqatil b. Sulayman mufassiran li al-Qur’an’, unpublished M.A. thesis. The University of Mannuba 2001–2.

Mehmet Akif Koc (Ankara University, Turkey)

  • `A Comparison of the References to Muqatil b. Sulayman (150/767) in the exegesis of al-Thalabi (427/1036) with Muqatil's own Exegesis' in Journal of Semitic Studies LIII/1 Spring 2008, pp. 69-101
  •  Abstract



Maghniyya, Aḥmad (XXX/XXXX).

  • Tafsīr al-aḥlām, ḥasba al-aḥruf al-abjadīyah. Beirut: Dār wa-Maktabat al-Hilāl, 1981. (422 pp.)


Najm al-Dīn Kubrā = Shaykh Najm Abu al-Jannāb al-Dīn Kubrā Aḥmad ibn `Umar (540-618 AH =1145-1221 CE).

A great Sufī  teacher whose epithet comes from Q. 79:34 (tammat kubra, "supreme catastrophe") and  reflects his fame as a powerful controversialist. He is regarded as the eponymous founder of the Kubrawiyya Sufi Order of Central Asia and Khurasan. See Meier, 1957; Knysh, Islamic Mysticism, 2000:234-239.

  • Baḥr al-ḥaqā'iq (The Ocean of Realities"). This is the title  of a Qur’ān commentary begun by Najm al-Din Kubrā . It was continued by his murīd Najm al-Din Razi Daya (d. 654/1256), and completed by `Alā' al-Dawla Simnānī (d. 736/1336)[ see below].

Select other writings:

  • Fawā'ih al-jamāl wa-fawā'tih al-jalāl ("The Fragrance of [Divine) Beauty and the Unveiling of the [Divine] Majesty") ed. F. Meier, Weisbaden, 1957.
  • Risalat al-khā'if al-hā'im min lawmat al-lā'im ( "The Epistle to the Fearful One, Who Seeks to Escape the Reprimand of the Scold") ed. with other works Mole in Traités mineurs, in: Annales Islamologiques, Cairo: ADD, vol. 4 (1963), pp. 1-78. (Knysh 2000:235 fn.)
  • al-Uṣūl al-'ashara ("The Ten Principles")


نخجڤاني، نعمة الله محمود

Nakhjavānī, Shaykh Ni`mat-Allāh ibn Mahmūd ( ADD/ADD).،  

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  • الفواتح الالهية والمفاتح الغيبية : الموضحة للكلم القرآنية والحكم الفرقانية
  • al-Fawātiḥ al-ilāhiyya wa-al-mafātiḥ al-ghaybiyya : al-mawḍiḥah li'l-kalam al-Qurʼāniyya wa'l-ḥukm al-furqāniyya. Istanbul:
  • al-Fawātiḥ al-ilāhiyya wa-al-mafātiḥ al-ghaybiyya : al-mawḍiḥah li'l-kalam al-Qurʼāniyya wa'l-ḥukm al-furqāniyya. Istanbul : al-Maṭbaʻah al-ʻUthmānīyah, 1325- /1907-  + Cairo: ADD, 1325/1907-. *
  • al-Tafsīr al-Sufī  al-Kāmil lil-Qur'ān al-Karīm , al-Fawatīḥ al-ilāhiyya wa'l-mafatīḥ al-ghaybiyya... 2 vols. Cairo:  Dār al-Rukabi, 1325/1907 ( 578+ pp.). *
  • al-Fawātiḥ al-ilāhiyya wa-al-mafātiḥ al-ghaybiyya : al-mawḍiḥah li'l-kalam al-Qurʼāniyya wa'l-ḥukm al-furqāniyya. Cairo: Dār al-Rikābī, 1999.
  • Tafsīr Juzʼ ʻAmma - li-Niʻmat Allāh Maḥmūd ; ed. Maḥmūd Shalabī. Beirūt : Dār al-Maʻrifah, 1975.


al-Nasafī, 'Abd-Allah ibn Aḥmad ibn Mahmud (d. 710/1310).

Hanafi Sunni exegete

  • Tafsīr al-Nasafi al-musamma bi-madarik al-tanzil wa haqa'iq al-ta`wil.  4 vols. in 1 . Egypt [Cairo]: Matba`a al-Ḥusayniyya, 1343/1924-5.
  • Tafsīr al-Nasafi al-musamma bi-madarik al-tanzil wa haqa'iq al-ta`wil.  4 vols. in 2 . Egypt [Cairo]: Dar al-kutub al-`Arabiyya, 1344/1925-6.
  • Tafsīr al-Nasafi.  2 vols. ed. `Aziz-Allah Juwayni. (Zaban va Adabiyyat-i Farsi).  Tehran: Intisharat-i Bunyad-i Farhang-i Iran, 1353/1934-5.
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-jalil. 3 vols. Cairo: al-Matiba'ah  al-Amïrïyya bi-Būlāq, 1936 + 1939..
  • Rep. 4 vols. Cairo n.d.
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān,  3 vols.  1943>
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān,  4 vols.  Cairo: Matba`at al-Muhammad  Subayh wa awladihi,   1966.
  • Tafsīr al-Nasafi li'l-Imam al-Jalilal-`Alamah `Abi al-Barakat `Abd-Allah ibn Ahmad ibn Mahmud al-Nasafi.  4 vols in 2 Beirut : Dar al-Kitab al-`Arabi, n.d.   -- Vol.1 = 311+331pp.  Vol. 2 + 344+ 388pp. *
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Jalil al-musamma bi-madarik al-tanzil wa haqa'iq al-ta`wil.  5 vols.  Beirut: [Hamah Maktaba al-Ghazzali] al-Maktaba al-Umawiyya 1393/1973
  • Tafsīr al-Nasafī... 2 vols. Beirut: Dar al-kutub al-`ilmiyya, 1995.
  • Tafsīr al-Nasafi : Madarik al-tanzil wa haqa'iq al-ta`wil.  3 vols. Beirut: Dar Ibn Kathir, 1998.


Nisāpūrī, al-Qummī =  Nizām al-Dīn, Ḥasan ibn Muhanmad ibn Ḥusayn (d.728/ 1327-

al-Nisabūrī = Nizām al-Dīn, Ḥasan ibn Muhammad ibn Ḥusayn al-Qummi (d.728/ 1327-8)

  • Tafsīr Gharā'ib al-Qur'ān wa raghā'ib al-Furqān. ed. Shaykh Zakariyya `Amirāt, 6 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Kitāb al-`ilmiyya.1416/1996. *
  • Gharā 'ib al-Qur'ān wa raghā 'ib al-Furqān, ed. Ibrahim 'Atwah 'Awwad, 10 vols. Cairo: Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi, 1381-1390.

al-Naḥḥās, Aḥmad ibn Muhammad (ADD/ ADD)

  • I`rāb al-Qur'ān. Baghdad 1397/1977. 

al-Nu'manĩ,  (d. ca. 360/971). Shi`i Tafsīr.

  • ADD

  • ADD

Nūr al-Dīn Muhammad ibn Shāh (d. 1115/1704),

  • al-Muīn fī tafsīr al-Kitāb al-Mubīn.

al-Qasimī, Muhammad Jamāl al-Dīn (d. 1332/1914)

  • Maḥāsin al-ta`wīl. Cairo, 1376/1914.

Al-Qasim Ibn Ibrahim (ADD/XXXX)

  • Kitab al-Mustarshid.
  • Anthropomorphism and Interpretation of the Qur'ān in the Theology of Al-Qasim Ibn Ibrahim: Kitab Al-Mustarshid (Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science, Volume XXVI) by Binyamin Abrahamov (Editor). 1996.  (164pp.),  ISBN: 9004104089.

al-Qunawī, Ṣadr al-Dīn (d. 673/1274). Key disciple of Ibn al-`Arabi and mystical exegete.

  • I`jāz al-Bayān fi Ta'wil Umm al-Qur'ān ay al-Tafsīr al-Surat al-Baraka al-Fathiha. Maktan al-A`lam al-Islami, 1368/1949.
  • I`jāz al-Bayān fi Tafsīr umm al-Qur'ān. Maktan al-A`lam al-Islami, 1423/1381 Sh./2002 CE.
  • I`jāz al-Bayān fi Tafsīr umm al-Qur'ān. ed. and introduction Sayyid Jalāl al-Din Ashtiyani., Qumm: Bustan-i Kitab, 1381/2000.  391pp.  ISBN 964-371-183-8. A reprint of the Irfani mystical commentary on the Surat al-Fatiha by an important disciple of Ibn al-`Arabi.

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  • I`jāz al-Bayān fi Tafsīr umm al-Qur'ān. ed. Jalāl al-Din Ashtiyani. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`llmiyya, ADD 500pp.


al-Qurṭubī, Abū  'Abd-Allah Muhammad ibn Aḥmad al-Anṣarī, (d. 671/1273)

 !! ISLAMIC BOOK!! - 6pc, lot no.79 of 579, RARE' li Ahkam al-Quran


  • al-Jāmi` li-ahkām al-Quran, 20 parts in 10 Vols. 3rd printing/ed. Cairo: Dar al-Kutub al-`Misriyya [Dar al-Kitab al-`Arabi li'l-Ṭaba`at wa'l-Nishr], 1387/1927.  [2-3 vols. missing]*
  • al-Jāmi` li-ahkām al-Quran, 20 parts in 10, Cairo, 1369/1950.
  • al-Jāmi' li-aḥkām al-Qur'ān, 20 vols.  Cairo:  Dār al-Kātib al-'Arabi, 1387/1967..
  • al-Jāmi' li-aḥkām al-Qur'ān,  21 vols. in  11, Beirut:  Dār al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, n.d. (c. 1408/1988.)

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  • al-Jāmi' li-aḥkām al-Qur'ān, 3 vols. Beirut: al-Maktaba al-Assriyya 200?
  • al-Jāmi' li-aḥkām al-Qur'ān. 10 vols. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 200-? 6500pp. 

Aisha Bewley; Abdalhaqq Bewley (ed.) trans.

al-Qummī,  Abū  al-Ḥasan `Ali ibn Ibrahim (d. c. 307/919 or 329/941)

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān of `Ali Ibn Ibrahim al-Qummi. Lithograph [Tabriz?] by Hasan ibn Muhammad Amin al-Karamrudi. al-Tabrizi. Karkhanah-i Aḥmad Aqa and `Ali Aqa  Ramadan 1315/1898.  (pp.332+21). Has the Tafsīr of the 11th Imam Ḥasan al-`Askarī in the margin. See Gacek ALB 1998: Nos. 361 and 362.
  • Tafsīr al-Qummi, ed. al-Sayyid Tayyib al-Musawi al Jaza 'iri, 2 vols. Najaf: Matba'at al-Najaf, 1386/1966..
  • Tafsīr, ed. Tayyib al-Mūsāwī al-Jazā'irī, 2 vols., Najaf : Maktabat al-Huda, 1387/1967  
  • Tafsīr al-Qummi, ed. Tayyib al-Mūsāwī al-Jazā'irī, 2 vols., Beirut: XXX., 1968.
  • Tafsīr al-Qummi. Edited by al-Sayyid Ţayyib al-Jazā'irī. 2 vols. Qumm: Mu'assasah  Dār al-Kitāb lil-Tibā'ah wa al-Nashr, 1404/1984.
  • Beirut 1991

        Tafsir al-Qumi (2 Vols.)

  • Tafsīr al-Qummi, 2 vols. Qumm: Dal al-Hujjat,  2005. 883pp.  ISBN: 9649658823
  • Rawḥ = Rawḥ al-jinān wa-rūḥ al-janān, 12 vols., Tehran I282-7/ 1962-5; 5 vols., Qumm  n.d.

al-Qunawī, Ṣadr al-Dīn Qunawi (d.673/1274).

Stepson of Ibn al-`Arabi and key figure in the genesis of the schollof Ibn al-`Arabi . He was the author of  more than a dozen Arabic and Persian work

  • ADD

al-Qushayrī, Abū al-Qāsim `Abd al-Karīm (d. 465/1074).

Born near Nishapur in Khurasan (Persia-Iran). Sunni Asharite theologian and Sufi theologian...

  • لطائف الاشارات : تفسير صوفي كامل للقرآن الكريم  ("The Subtleties of the Allusions").
  • Latā’if al-ishārāt, Tafsīr Sufi Kamil li'l-Qur'ān al-Karim. ed. Ibrahim  Basyūnī, 6 vols., [in 3?] Cairo: Dār al-Kātib al-ʻArabī, 1968-71. Apparently based on the editor's M.A. and Ph. D. theses, University of Cairo.
  • Laṭā'if al-isharāt. ed. Ibrahim Basyūnī. 3 vols. Cairo: Dar al-Kutub al-`Arabi, 1968-71.
  • Laṭā'if al-isharāt... 3 vols. 2nd ed. Basyūnī; al-Hayʼah al-Miṣriyya al-ʻĀmmah lil-Kitāb [Cairo] : Markaz Taḥqīq al-Turāth, 1981-3. ISBN 977734547X (v.1) 9777345852 (v.2) 9770101648 (v.3). Revised version of the editor's theses (M.A. & Ph.D. -- University of Cairo).
  • Latā’if al-ishārāt, ed. Ibrahim  Basyūnī,

R. Aḥmad,

  •  `Abū al-Qāsim al-Qushayrī as a Theologian and Commentator,"  Islamic Quarterly, 13, 1969, 16-69.

Bowering, Gerhard.

  •  "Review of Richard Gramlich, Das Sendschreiben al-Qushayrīs über das Sufī tum,"  Orientalia, vol. 58 (1989) 569-572.

Select other books of al-Qushayri:

  •  شرح اسماء الله الحسنى وتحقيقات وشروح،   = Sharḥ asmāʼ Allāh al-ḥusnā. Cairo: Maṭbaʻat al-Amāna, 1969.

  •  شرح اسماء الله الحسنى .  Cairo: al-Azhar, Majmaʻ al-Buḥūth al-Islāmīyah, 1970.

  • Sharḥ asmā' Allāh al-ḥusnā. Cairo: Dār al-Ḥaram lil-Turāth, 2001.

  • شرح القشيري لأسماء الله الحسنى = Sharḥ al-Qushayrī li-asmāʼ Allāh al-ḥusná. ed. ʻĀṣim Ibrāhīm Kayālī‎‏.  Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmīyah, Manshūrāt Muḥammad ʻAlī al-Bayḍūn, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`ilmiyya, 2006.  280pp. ISBN 274514846X 9782745148469


 Front CoverFront Cover

  • Sufi Book of Spiritual Ascent: (Al-Risala Al-Qushayriya), Laleh Bakhtiar (Editor), Rabia T. Harris (Translator), Kazi Publications, 1977. 

  • Al-Qushayri's Epistle on Sufism, Al-risala al-qushayriyya fi 'ilm al-tasawwuf (Great Books of Islamic Civilization), Ithaca Press, trans A. D. Knysh, Ithaca Press; Bilingual edition  2007. ISBN-10: 1859641857 ISBN-13: 978-1859641859

Sells, Michael,

  • Early Islamic Mysticism: Sufi, Qur'ān, Miraj, Poetic and Theological Writings. See esp. Chapter 3.




Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa' ('The Treatises of the Brethren of Purity')

Fifty-two or so Arabic Isma'ili related epistles eventually set down in the late 4th AH/10th cent. CE.

Rasa'l Ikhwan al-Safa

  • Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa' wa Khullan al-Wafa', 4 vols, Bombay: Matba'at nukhbat al-akhbar, 1887-9.
  • Rasa'il ikhwan al-safa', by Ikhwan al-Safa'. 4  vols. (in 2) Cairo: ADD., 1347 / 1926.
  • Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa' wa Khullan al-Wafa', 4 vols, Cairo: al- M a t ba'a al-'Arabiyya bi-misr, 1928.
  • al-Risala al-jami'a, Damascus: al- Majma' al-'ilmi al-'arabi, 1949 - 51.
  • Risalat jami'at al-jami'a, Beirut: Dar maktabat al-hayat, 1970.
  • al-Risala al-jami'a, Beirut: Dar Sadr, 1974.
  • Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa' wa khullan al-wafa', Beirut: Dar Sadr, 1957 + 1983. 
  • Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa'... 4 vols. ed. + introd. Butrus Bustani, Beirut: Dar Sadr, 2004.

Poonawala, I. K.,

  •  'The Qur'an in `Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa', in Selected Proceedings of the International Congress for the Study of the Qur'an, Canberra: Australian National University, Faculty of Asian Studies, 1980, pp. 51-67.

رشيدالدين طبيب 

Rashīd al-Dīn [Ṭabīb] Faḍl Allāh Hamdānī (d. 718/1348)


A learned and polymathic Jewish convert to Islam and one time physician to various Mongol Sultans. Rashīd al-Dīn is best known as a world historian though he wrote much in Persian and Arabic on a variety of subjects. His writings include sometimes lengthy Persian treatises on Qur'ānic verses.

  • لطائف الطوائف = Latā'if al-haqa'iq ("The Subtleties of Realities") Persian. Introductory note by Iraj Afshar, edited and again introduced by Ghulam Riḍā Ṭāhir. 2 vols. 2nd edition Tehran : Danishgah-i Tihran, 2535/1976.  Only partially extant is Rashid al-Din's compendium of `Nineteen Treatises' commenting upon Qur'ānic verses and related subjects including the basmala (No.1 ) and the `exposition on the reality of the Mi`rāj' (No. 10) and `On the Prophet Shu`ayb and Commentary on the Surat al-Kawthar' (No. 12), (see Lata'if vol. 2 pp.5-6).
  • Miftāḥ al-Tafāsir ("Key to the Qur'ān Commentaries-Tafsīrs"),(see Lata'if vol. 2:16-21).

al-Rāzī, Muhammad ibn `Umar, Abū  al-Su`ud Muhammad ibn, Muhammad Fakhr al-Dīn (d. 606/1209 )

G. C. Anawati, 'Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī' EI2 vol. 2:751-5

  تفسير مفاتيح الغيب ، التفسير الكبير  


  • Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb...  [Cairo] Būlāq: xxxxx.,  6 vols. 1279-1289 AH =1862-1872 CE.
  • Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb al-mushtahir bi'l-Tafsīr al-kabīr,  ?  vols. Cairo, 1286/1869.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabīr... 8 vols. [Cairo] Būlāq: xxxxx., 1279-1289/ 1862-1872.
  • Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb al-mushtahir bi'l-Tafsīr al-kabīr.   8 vols. [Istanbul]:  `Ali Beg Press,  1294 /1876.
  • Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb al-mushtahir bi'l-Tafsīr al-kabīr.   8 vols. Istanbul:  Dār-al-Tab`ah al-Amīra,  1308 /1890.
  • Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb, al-Tafsīr al-kabīr. Egypt: Khairiyya Press, 1307-8/1891-2. Includes in the margin the commentary of Abū al-Sa`ūd al-ibn Muhammad al-Imādī.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabīr... 6 vols. (?) Cairo: Sharafiyya Press, 1308/ 1890. Includes in the margin the commentary of Abū al-Sa`ūd al-ibn Muhammad al-Imādī.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabīr... 6 vols. (?) Cairo:  1310/ 1892.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabīr... 6 vols. (?) Cairo: xxxxx., 1327/ 1909.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabir (The Extensive Commentary ) [= Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb "Keys to the Unseen" ) 32 vols. Cairo: al-Matba'ah al-Bahlyah al-Misriyya, n.d.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabīr. 32 vols. Cairo: al-Maţba'ah al֊ Bahlyah al-Mişrîyah, n. d.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabīr (= Mafātīh al-Ghayb), ed. Muhammad Muḥyī al-Dīn `Abd al-Ḥamīd, 32 vols, in 16, Cairo: al-Matba`a al-Misriyya, 1352/1933. This edition has been reprinted in Tehran.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabīr (Mafātīh al-ghayb). 32 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Fīkr, 1981.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabir (The Extensive Commentary), Beirut:  Dār al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya,, 32 vols in 16. XXXX/1990,
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabir (The Extensive Commentary), (3rd printing) Beirut:  Dār al-Ihya al-Turath al-`Arabi, 32 vols in 16. n.d. *
  • Tafsīr-i kabir-i Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb, Persian trans.  `Ali  Asghar Ḥalabi,  Tehran : Intishārāt-i Aṣāṭīr , 1371/XXX. / vol. 4 1378/ 1999. only*
  • تعدد المعنى في النص القرآني : دراسة دلالية في تفسير مفاتيح الغيب للإمام فخر الدين الرازي =  Taʻaddud al-maʻná fī al-naṣṣ al-Qurʼānī : dirāsah dalālīya fī tafsīr Mafātīḥ al-ghayb lil-Imām Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzi.  Ed.̄  Īhāb Saʻīd Najmī  al-Minūfīyah [Egypt] : Balansīya  lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ, 2008. ISBN: 9776192114 9789776192119

Arnaldez, Roger.

  • "Les Chrétiens selon le commentaire coranique de Rāzī." In Mélanges d'islamologie dédiés à la mémoire de Armand Abel. Edited by P. Salmon, pp. 45-57. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1974.

Ismā‘īl, ‘Izz al-Dīn

  • Nusūs Qur'ānīyah fī'l-nafs al-insānīyah.  al-Dār al-Baydā' : Dār al-Nashr al-Maghribīyah, 1976. (232pp.).

Bū  ‘Azīzī, Muhammad al-‘Arabī

  • Nazarīyat al-ma‘rifah ‘inda al-Rāzī min khilāl tafsīrih. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr al-‘Arabī, 1999  (432pp.).

Shalahudin Kafrawi

  • Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi's Methodology in Interpreting the Qur'ān. Global Academic Pub., 2002 ISBN = 1586841793

Rahbar, Daud,

  • Indices to the verses of the Qur'ān in the commentaries of al-Tabarī and al-Rāzī . Hartford, Conn., Hartford Seminary Foundation, 1962 (iv+106 pp.). Based on al-Tabari,  Būlāq edition 1323-1329 AH. and Maimuriyya Press edition Egypt, 1321 and on Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb,

Rahbar, Daud.

  • Indices to the Verses of the Qur'ān in the Commentaries of al-Tabari and al-Razi.  Hartford, Conn. USA : The Hartford Seminary Foundation, 1962 (106pp.)

Lagarde, Michel.

  • Index Du Grand Commentaire De Fahr Al-Din Al-Razi. (Handbuch der Orientalistik. Erste Abteilung, der Nahe und der Mittlere Osten, 0169-9423 ; 22. Bd. = Handbook of Oriental Studies- Handbuch Der Orientalistik). Leiden ; New York : E. J. Brill, 1996. ISBN = 9004103627.  "This work contains indexes of the proper names and the subjects of the Great Commentary of Fahr al-Din al-Razi, which comprises 32 volumes and forms an immense encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, invaluable for the knowledge of Classical Islam. The work is based on the Beirut edition (1981), but it contains a synopsis which allows for the use of the editions of Cairo (1933) and Teheran (n.d.). In the introduction, one finds a synthesis of the text's important elements, the statement of exegetical principles of the Great Commentary, and information relating to its chronology and authorship"

‘Abd al-Rahmān, Muhammad Ibrāhīm

  • Manhaj al-Fakhr al-Rāzī fī al-tafsīr bayna manāhij mu‘āsirīh- murāja‘at wa-taqdīm Yū
    suf Hasan Nawfal . [Cairo] Madīnat Nasr : al-Sadr li-Khidmāt al-Tibā‘ah, 1989 (261pp.).

Hindāwī Aḥmad, et. al. (ed.)

  • al-Mabāhith al-bayānīyah fī Tafsīr al-Fakhr al-Rāzī : dirāsah balāghīyah tafsīlīyahed. ed.  Hindāwī Aḥmad , Hindāwī Hilāl. Cairo : Maktabat Wahbah, 1999

Muhibbu-Din, M. A. 1997.

  • `An assessment of Imām Fakhr al-Dīn Rāzī's contribution to philosophical theology in his al-Tafsīr al-Kabīr' in Hamdard Islamicus,  20 (1997) Issue iii, pp.77-85,  

Schub, M. B. 1981.

  • `A sublime subtlety? (Fakhr al-Dīn Rāzī on Qur'ān 55, 58.)'  in  Zeitschrift für Arabische Linguistik,  6 (1981),  72-73

McAuliffe, J.D. 1990

  • `Fakhr al-Dīn Rāzī on āyat-jizyah and āyat al-sayf’ in M. Gevers, ed. 1990, 103-118.*

Iskenderoglu, Muammer

  • Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī and Thomas Aquinas on the question of the eternity of the world. Leiden ; Boston, MA : Brill, 2002

Kafrawi, Shalahudin

  • Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi's Methodology in Interpreting the Qur'ān  2002. 

  • Methodology of Qur'ānic Interpretation: Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi's Exegetic Principles.  2006.


al-Rāzī = Shaykh Abū ’l-Futūḥ al-Rāzi = Ḥusayn b. 'Alī b. Muhammad b. Aḥmad al-Khuzā`ī al-Nisāpūrī (fl. between 480- 525 AH = 1087-1131 CE).

Teacher of the Shi`i thinkers Ibn Shahrashūb and Ibn Babuya. 

Early Qur'ān commentator in Persian, possibly a contemporary of Zamakshari (d.538/1144) whose Mu`tazilite orientation may have influenced him. See  Storey sec. I no.6; art. H. Masse, EI2 Vol.1:120;

  • Rawḍ al-jinān wa rawḥ al-jinān.  5 vols., Qumm n. d.

  • Rawḍ al-jinān wa rawḥ al-jinān.  2 vols. Tehran, 1905 + 3 vols. 1937 + I282-7/ 1962-5

  • Tafsīr Abū al-Futūḥ Rāzī   Tafsīr-i shaykhinā al-ajall Abū al-Futūḥ Rāzī,  bi-taṣḥīḥ va ḥavāshī-i Mahdī Ilāhī Qumshahʾi. Tihrān : Kitābfurūshī va Chāpkhānah-i ʻIlmī, 1320-1322/ 1941-1943-4.

  • Rawḥ al-jinān wa-rūḥ al-janān fī  Tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 12 vols., Tehran,

  • Rawḥ al-jinān wa-rūḥ al-janān fī  Tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 20 vols., ed. Dr. Muhammad Jafar Yahaqqi + Dr. Muhammad Mihdi Nassih. Mashhad : Intisharat-i Astan-i quds-i Razawi. 1371-5/1992-6. *

Dr. `Askar Ḥuqūqī ( Ascar Hoghoughi)

  • Tahqiq dar Tafsīr Abū ’l-Futūḥ Rāzi, 2 vols. Tehran: Danishgah Tehran, 1346/1967 = Publication de l'Université de Téhéran No. 1114,1
    Etude littéraire et interprétative du Commentaire de 'Abū -'ALFOTUH-é RÂZΠ Par Docteur Ascar Hoghoughi Professeur à l'Université de Téhéran
    Torn I-II,  Imprimerie de l'Université de Téhéran 1967. *

Rashid Riḍā', Muhammad (1865-1935) [+ Muhammad `Abduh]. Syrian Islamic reformer who resided in Egypt from 1897.

See above on Muhammad `Abduh.

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-ḥakīm al-shahīr bi Tafsīr al-Manār.  Beirut: XXXX, 1414/1993.
  • Tafsīr in al-Manār (the Lighthouse) an Egyptian journal published between 18XX and 19XX.

  • Tafsîr al-qur’ān al-hakîm. [On the spine:] Tafsîr al-manār. 12 vols. Cairo, Matba’a al-manār, 1346-54/1927-35. 

  • Tafsîr al-manār.  Cairo 1373-80 / 1954-61. 12 vols..

  • Tafsîr al-manār. Repr Cairo 1380/ 1960  ed. 2nd printing. Beirut n. d.(c. 1975??). 12 vols.

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Hakīm al-Shahīr bi-Tafsīr al-Manār, 12 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Ma`rifa, 1414/1993. *

  • `A Study of the Fatwa by Rashid Rida on the Translation of the Qur'ān':


Rashtī, Sayyid Kāzim  = Ibn Sayyid Qāsim Muhammad Kāẓim al-Hāshimi.. al-Ḥusaynī (d. Karbala, 1259-1843).

The Persian born second head of al-Shaykhiyya (Shaykhism) after Shaykh Aḥmad al-Ahsā'ī (see above). Qajar period Persian mystical philosopher and exegete.

  • شرح آية الكرسي من  السيد كاظم بن السيد قاسم الحسيني الرشتي
  • [Tafsīr] Sharḥ  āyat al-kursī ("Commentary on the Throne Verse", Q. 2:254). 19th cent. lithograph edition (not seen).

Mss contained, for example, in SOAS (London) No. 1141 [unpaginated] Item 8.  [ fols. XXX] (see Ibrahimi, Fihrist No. 270 p. 331). Rashti claims at the outset  to be giving a deep mystico-philosophical exegesis expressive of the ta`wīl ("allegorical") and of the bāṭin ("Interior dimension") of this Qur'ānic verse. This work is an extended several hundred page very complex  exegesis- eisegesis of the Throne Verse. It commences as follows:

الحمد لله الذي اجلي افئدة العارفين لتجليات ظهوره و انار قلوب السالكين لاشراقات نوره و شرح صدور العالمين لتشعشع لمعات بدوره و الصلوة علي سيدنا محمد الذي به استقر عرشه و كرسيه و هو الاسم الذي استقر في ظله فلايخرج منه الي غيره و هو الاسم الاعظم المكنون و النور الانور المخزون به نورت الانوار و به ظهرت الاسرار و به اشرق النور من صبح الازل و به وجدت الموجودات ما قل و جل و علي آله و اصحابه شموس الهدي و بدور الدجي و اعلام التقي و ذوي النهي و اولي الحجي و كهف الوري و ورثة الانبياء عليهم صلوات الله ما دامت الارض و السماء .

"Praised be unto God Who shed the splendor of His radiance upon the inmost hearts of the mystic knowers so as to actualize the disclosure of the orient lights of His theophany. He set ablaze the hearts of the mystic wayfarers through the orient splendors of His Light and explicated the inner retreats [bosoms] of all the worlds for the purpose of dazzlingly illuminating the radiances of His cyclic schemata.

And blessings be upon our Master [the Prophet] Muhammad through whom He settled down upon His Throne (`arsh) and His Seat (kursi) for he is the Name through the shadow of which eyes were solaced. Wherefore there did not emerge from before me aught save what is of Him for he [Muhammad] is the Hidden, Mightiest Name (al-ism al-a`zam) and the Light of Lights treasured up, the very one through whom the Lights found illumination. Through him were mysteries disclosed and Light irradiated from the Dawn of Eternity (subḥ al-azal). And through him did all existence fīnd realization.... " (trans. Lambden).

  • ADD Kirmani Shaykhi Website
  • Extract in the Persian translation of Henri Corbin, En Islam Iranian  Tehran ADD.
  • Risālah for Mirza `Ali  Ṭabīb Hindī containing responses to questions about the basmalah. Unpublished mss. See Fihrist of Sayyid Kazim and Ibrahimi, Fihrist p.330 No. 265.
  • Risālah for Mulla Muhammad `Ali Shahir Bujdali  on some of the mysteries of the Basmalah. Unpublished mss. See Fihrist of Sayyid Kazim and Ibrahimi, Fihrist p.330 No. 266
  • .Risālah for Mulla Muhammad `Ali Shahir Bujdali  on some of the mysteries of the Basmalah. Unpublished mss. See Fihrist of Sayyid Kazim and Ibrahimi, Fihrist p.330 No. 267
  • Risālah in exposition of the Point (  ) of the Letter "B" ((ب ) of the Basmalah. Unpublished mss. See Fihrist of Sayyid Kazim and Ibrahimi, Fihrist p.330 No. 269.
  • Risālah in exposition of some aspects of the Basmalah. Unpublished mss. See Fihrist of Sayyid Kazim and Ibrahimi, Fihrist p.330 No. 270..
  • Risālah in exposition of the exegetical modes (maqāmāt) of the outer (ẓāhir) and inner (bāṭin)  as well as  the allegorical (ta`wil) senses of the Qur'ān and of the ahkbar or traditions of the people of the House [of the Prophet]. Old Lithograph edition. See Fihrist of Sayyid Kazim and Ibrahimi, Fihrist p.330 No. 272
  • Risālah-i Yawmiyya on the [Qur'ānic and related references to the] creation of the heavens and the earth in four - eight or six days. See Ibrahimi, Fihrist p.331 No. 271.



Rūzbihān al-Baqlī [Shirazi] = Rūzbihān Abū Muhammad  ibn Abī Naṣr al-Baqlī al-Fasawī al-Kāzarūnī

(522-606 AH= 1128-1209 CE). See above on Maybudi

Persian mystical theorist, philosopher and Qur'ān commentator. See his Kashf al-Asrar... (ed. 2006 + bib.).

  • Laṭā'if al-bayān min [fi] Tafsīr al-Qur’ān.

  • `Arā’is al-bayān fī ḥaqā’iq al-Qur’ān, + Tafsīr ascribed to Ibn al-`Arabi [=`Abd al-Razzaq al-Kashani].  Lithograph, 2 vols. Cawnpore : ADD, 1301/1884. Check this.

  • `Arā’is al-bayān fī ḥaqā’iq al-Qur’ān, + Tafsīr ascribed to Ibn al-`Arabi  [=`Abd al-Razzaq al-Kashani].  Lithograph 2 vols. (pp.619+418). Lakhna`u = Lucknow : Matba` al-Munshī Nawal Kishūr., Sha`ban, 1301/1883-4. See Brockelmann GAL I:527+ Supp. I:735; Gacek ALB [1996] No. 10 p.17.

  • Arā'is al-Bayān fi haqā'iq al-Qur'ān. Lucknow: Maṭba` al-Munshi Nawal Kishur,  1315/1897. Lithograph edition. 619+488pp (with the Ibn al-`Arabi- Kashani Tafsīr). See Brockelmann GAL I:527+ Supp. 1:725; Gacek, 1996 No. 10 p. 17.

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  • Arā'is al-Bayān fi haqā'iq al-Qur'ān. 3 vols. ed. Shaykh Aḥmad Farīd al-Mazīdī, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2008. 1664pp.


Godlas, Alan Arthur.

  • The `Arā’is al-bayān, the Mystical Qur’ānic Exegesis of Rūzbihān al-Baqlī. Ph.D. dissertation, Berkeley, 1991.

  • `Psychology and Self-transformation in the Sufī  Qur’ān Commentary of Rūzbihān al-Baqlī,' in Sufī  Illuminations, vol. 1:1 (1996)  31-62.

Firoozeh Papan-Matin in collaboration with Michael Fishbein,

  • The Unveiling of Secrets Kashf al-Asrār, The Visionary Autobiography of Rūzbihān al-Baqlī (1128-1209 A.D.). Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2006.(pp.1-47 Engliah+1-123 +Index = Persian text of Kitab Kashf al-asrār). *


al-Sa`idi, `Abd al-Rahman ibn Nāṣir (d. 1376/1956).   

  • Tafsīr al-Karīm al-Raḥman fī Tafsīr Kalām al-Manān. Beirut: Mu`assat al-Risalah. 1421/2000.

Sabzawārī, Muhammad ibn Habib-Allah ( XXXX/XXXX )

  • al-Jadīd fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-majīd. Beirut 1404/1985.


Ṣadr al-Din Shirazi [= Mullā Ṣadrā] = Muhammad ibn Ibrahim (c. 970-1050 AH = 1571-1641CE)

Massively important Shi`i Islamic philosopher, exegete and theologian.


  •  Asrār al- Āyāt fī tafsīr al-Qurān li-Muhammad al-Ma`ruf bi-Sadr al-Muta`alihin al-Shirazi. Tehran" Hajji Muhammad Ahmad Shirazi, Ramadan 1319/ ADD.

  • Tafsīr  al-Qur'ān al-Karimli-Sadr al-Din Shirazi bi-Sadr al-Muta`alihin Muhammad ibn Ibrahim  al-Shirazi. Tehran: Shaykh Ahmad Shirazi, 1320-1322 AH/ XXXX-XXXX.

  • Tafsīr Sūrat al-A`lā. in margins of a Persian Lithograph (pp.270-296) of the Risala fi ajwibat al-su`ālāt al-muta`allqa bi'l-ma`ārif  by `Alī al-Nūrī and printed with Kashf al-fawā'id etc., see Tehrani, al-Dhari`a, 4:1445. Gacek ALB No. 364 p.202.

  • Tafsīr Sadra, Shľrazi  [= Tafsīr al-Fātiha; Tafsīr al-Baqara; Tafsīr Āyat al-Kursī] Lithograph  ADD      1322 [1914].
  • Tafsīr  al-Qur'ān al-Karim. ed. Muhammad Khwājavī,  7 vols. Qumm: Intishārāt Bīdār Press, n.d. [1336-9/ 1987-90]. *
  • Asrār al-āyat, edited with prolegomena and notes by Muhammad Khwājavī Tehran : ADD ,  1360/ 1981.
  • Tafsīr Sūrat al-Wāqi'a (=Q. 56), n.p. n.d.
  • Tafsīr Sūrah-yi Wāqi'a (=Q. 56),  Ed. and Persian trans. Muhammad Khwājavī , Tehran: Intisharat Mawla, 1363/       + 2nd ed. 1377=1419/19XX. *
  • Tafsīr Sūrahha-yi Ṭāriq [Q.    ] va A`la [Q.    ]va Zalzal [Q.   ].. Ed. and Persian trans. Muhammad Khwājavī , Tehran: Intisharat Mawla, 1363/       + 2nd ed. 1377=1419/19XX. *
  • Tafsīr Āyah-yi Nūr [Q. 24:35]. Ed and Persian trans. Muhammad Khwājawī , Tehran: Intisharat Mawla, 1362/ + 2nd ed. 1377=1419/19XX. *
  • On the Hermeneutics of the Light Verse of the Qur'ān (Tafsīr Ayat al-Nur), translated, introduced and annotated by Latimah-Parvin Peerwani, ICAS Press, 2004. (167pp.).
  • Tafsīr Sūrah-yi Jam`ah.  Ed and Persian trans. Muhammad Khwājavī , Tehran: Intisharat Mawla, 1363= 1404/19XX. *
  • Mutashābihāt al-Qur'ān in idem, Three treatises... Ed. with an introduction and notes by Sayyid Jalāl al-Dīn Āshtiyānī, English preface by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Mashhad 1392/ 1973, pp. 75-121.
  • Majmū`a Rasā'il Falsafī Ṣadr al-Mutā'alihīn.  This compilation contains two Tafsīr works of Mulla Sadra: Tafsīr Sūrat al-Tawhid I (Item 15 pp.393-439) and Tafsīr Sūrat al-Tawhid II (Item 16 pp.441-449).
  • Asrar al-Ayat (The Mysteries of the Qur'ānic Verses). Persian trans and annotation Muhammad Khājavī  (= Cultural Studies Research Institute, The Islamic Iranian Academy of Philosophy Pub. No. 533), Mu`asassah-yi Muta`aliat  va Tahqiqat FarhangiTehran: Intisharat Mawla, 1363=1405 / 19XX. *
  • Hikma = al-Ḥikma al-muta`āliyya f'īl-asfār al-aqliyyat al-arba`a 9 Vols. ed. M. Riḍā’ al-Muzaffr.Qum: Maktabat al-Muawaf, 1378 AH / 1958-59 CE.
  • Sh. Usul. = Sharḥ uṣūl al-kāfī. 3 vols. Intishārāt `Ilmī va Farhang. 1370Sh./1992.

 Nasr,  Seyyed Hossein,

  • ‘The Qur’anic Commentaries of Mulla Sadra’ in Being and Consciousness: Studies in Memory of Toshihiko Izutsu, ed. by S. J. Ashtiyani, H. Matsubara, T. Iwami,  Matsumoto. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten Publishers, 1998. Repr. in  Sadr al-Din Shirazi and His Transcendent Theosophy. rev. ed.  Tehran: Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, 1997, Chap. 7, pp. 123-135

Peerwani, Latimah-Parvin

  • “Quranic Hermeneutics: The Views of Sadr al-Din Shirazi” in British Society for Middle East Studies Proceedings, 1991, pp. 468-477.

Khamanei, Muhammad Hossein

  • Principles of Interpretation and Quranic Hermeneutics According to Mulla Sadra. London: Islamic Studies Press, 1999.

Salih, Muhsin

  • The Verse of Light: A Study of Mulla Sadra’s Philosophical Qur’an Exegesis, Temple University (Ph.D. thesis), 1993.

Peerwani,  Latimah-Parvin

  • On the Hermeneutics of the Light Verse of the Qur'ān (Tafsīr Ayat al-Nur), translated, introduced and annotated by Latimah-Parvin Peerwani, ICAS Press, 2004. (167pp.).  *

Kalin,  Ibrahim (College of the Holy Cross)

  • `An Annotated Bibliography of the Works of Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi (Mulla Sadra) with a Brief Account of His Life' ADD URL  This is an important essay though the statement "there is no direct reference to Sadra, his works or his school either in the current literature of Babism or Baha’ism" is not accurate.


al-Ṣābūnī , Muḥammad ʻAlī Ṣābūni (_). محمد علي الصابوني

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  • صفوة التفاسير : بعد تجريده من البيان = Ṣafwat al-tafāsīr : baʻda tajrīdihi min al-bayān ... ʻAbd Allāh Ibrāhīm Anṣārī. Cairo: Dār al-Ṣābūnī, [1986].

  • Safwat al Tafāsir : Tafsir al Quran al-Karim, 3 vols. Dar Ihya' al-Turath al-`Arabi, ADD. 1500pp.

  • Safwat al Tafāsir : Tafsir al Quran al-Karim, 3 vols Beirut: 'Alam al-Kutub, ADD

  • Ṣafwat al-tafāsīr : tafsīr li-al-Qurʼān al-karīm,    Beirut : Dār al-Fikr, 1419/1998.

  • Safwat al Tafāsir : Tafsir al Quran al-Karim, 3 vols Beirut: al-Maktabah al-Assriya, ADD.

  • Rawāʼiʻ al-bayān, tafsīr āyāt al-aḥkām min al-Qurʼān.  Makka al-Mukarrama : Kullīyat aš-Šarīʻa wa'd-Dirāsāt al-Islāmīya, 1971.

  • قبس من نور القرآن الكريم  = Qabas min nūr al-Qurʼān al-karīm. Dimashq : Dār al-Qalam, 1986-1988.

  • al-Tafsir al-Wadhih al-Muyasar = Al-Tafsir Al-Kabir.  : al-Maktabah al-Assriyya, ADD. 1590pp. 

  • روائع البيان : تفسير آيات الاحكام من القرآن : تفسير خاص لايات الاحكام مستمد من اوثق مصادر التفسير القديمة والحديثة باسلوب مبتكر وطريقة جديدة مع عرض شامل لادلة الفقهاء وبيان الحكمة التشريعية =  Rawāʼiʻ al-bayān : tafsīr āyāt al-aḥkām min al-Qurʼān : tafsīr khāṣṣ li-āyāt al-aḥkām mustamadd min awthaq maṣādir al-tafsīr al-qadīmah wa-al-ḥadīthah bi-uslūb mubtakar wa-ṭarīqah jadīdah maʻa ʻarḍ shāmil li-adillat al-fuqahāʼ wa-bayān al-ḥikmah al-tasharīʻīyah Damascus : Maktabat al-Ghazzālī, 1977.

  • التفسير الواضح الميسر : تفسير حديث، جامع بين المأثور والمعقول، بأسلوب سهل ميسر، مع بيان أسباب النزول، والشواهد من الأحاديث النبوية الصحيحة = al-Tafsīr al-wāḍiḥ al-muyassar : tafsīr ḥadīth, jāmiʻ bayna al-maʼthūr wa-al-maʻqūl, bi-uslūb sahl muyassar, maʻa bayān asbāb al-nuzūl, wa-al-shawāhid min al-aḥādīth al-Nabawīyah al-ṣaḥīḥah . Beirut: Maktab`at al-Ṣaydā ; Beirūt : al-Maktabah al-ʻAṣriyya, 2004.  ISBN: 9953435774 9789953435770


al-Sābûnî Abû `Uthmān al-Sābûnî al-Shāfi`î (d 449).

Jurist, hadîth Scholar, Commentator on the Qur'ān

  • ADD


al-Sakūnī =  Isma'il Ibn `Abī Ziyad al-Sakūnī (ADD/ADD; fl. 8-9cent CE).

Imami Shi`i Kufan client and prolific transmitter of hadith from Imam Ja`far al-Sadiq. See Ibn al-Nadim, Fihrist, 36; Modarressi, T&S (2003), No. 116, pp. 304-5.

  • Kitab al-Tafsīr
  • Ta`wil al-ayat...

Saleh, Walid, A.

• 2004 The Formation of the Classical Tafsīr Tradition: The Qur'ān Commentary of al-Tha`labī. Leiden, Boston: E.J. Brill. *

al-Samʻāni =  Manṣūr ibn Muḥammad, Abī al-Muẓaffar al-Samʻānī, (436-489 AH = 1035-1096.).

  • Tafsīr Abī al-Muẓaffar al-Samʻānī, 436 H-489 H : min Sūrat al-Shūrá ilā́ nihāyat al-Najm   ed. Muḥammad al-Amīn ibn al-Ḥusayn al-Shinqīṭī.  al-Madīnah : Dār al-Bukhārī, 1992.

al-Samarqandī = Abū  al-Layth Naṣr ibn Muhammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Ibrahim al-Samarqandi  ( d. 375/ 983)

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-karīm,  3 vols. ed. 'Abd al-Rahim Aḥmad al-Zaqqah.  Baghdad : Matba'ah  al-Irshād, 1985-6.
  •  Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-karim : bahr al-'ulum / li-Abi al-Layth Nasr ibn Muhammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Ibrahim al-Samarqandi al-mutiwaffa 375 h ; ed. 'Abd al-Rahim Aḥmad al-Zaqqah. Baghdad : Matba'ah al-Irshad, 1985.
  • Tafsir al-Samarqandi al-musamma Baḥr al-`ulum. ed. `Ali Muhammad Mu`awwid-`Adil Aḥmad `Abd al- Mawjud-Zakariyya `Abd al-Majid al-Nuti. Beirut: Add, 1993.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān, 3 vols. ed. 'Alī Muhammad Mu'awwad ? et al., Beirut, 1413/1993. *

Sayyid Quṭb, Ibrahīm Ḥusayn al-Shādhilī  (B. Musha [Egypt] 1903[6] - executed 1966). سيد قطب


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  • Fī ẓilal al-Qur'ān, 8 vols.  Cairo: XXX  1961
  • Fī ẓilal al-Qur'ān
  • Fī ẓilal al-Qur'ān. Beirut:  Dār Ihya al-Turath al-'Arabi, 1391/ 1971
  • Fī ẓilal al-Qur'ān. 6 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Shuruq, 1395/ 1975.
  • Fī ẓilal al-Qur'ān. 6 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Shuruq, 1399/ 1979.
  • Fī ẓilal al-Qur'ān. 6 vols. 25th printing/ed. Beirut: Dar al-Shuruq, XXXX/ 2005.
  • ADD

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  • In The Shade of The Qur'ān Volumes 1-10 Set . Islamic Foundation (UK), 2300+pp.
  • Tafsīr Fī ẓilal al-Qur'ān.  10 vols. trans. Sajid al-Rahman Siddiqi Kandhalavi, 10 vols.  Lahore: Islam Akadami, 1989.
  • In the Shade of the Qur'ān, fī  Zilal al-Qur'ān, Vol. 1 Suahs 1-2. Trans and ed. M.A. Salahi & A.A. Shamis, Leicester: The Islamic Foundation, 1420/1999. 
  •  = Tafsīr Surahs 78-114.
  • Qutb, Sayyid. Basic Principles of the Islamic Worldview. North Haledon: Islamic Publications International, 2006. (255pp.) PB = ISBN 1-889999-34-2

 Shepard, William E.
  • .Sayyid Qutb and Islamic Activism. A Translation and Critical Analysis of "Social Justice in Islam". Leiden, 1996.

Sayed Khatab, Monash University, Australia

  • The Political Thought of Sayyid Qutb, The Theory of Jahiyyah.  ( =  Rout/edge Studies in Political Islam).  Sayed Khatab takes a literary approach in his study of Sayyid Qutb, one of the most influential political thinkers for contemporary Islamists ... Select Contents: 1. Prologue 2. What the Early Muslims Meant by Jahiliyyah 3. Qutb's Intellectual Life and Character 4. Distinctions between Islam and Jahiliyyah, 2006 (256pp).

Carre,  Olivier.

  • Mysticism and Politics: A Critical Reading of Fi Zilal Al- Qur'ān by Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966) trans. by Carol Artigues,  2003.  ISBN: 9004125906 (Series: Social, Economic and Political Studies ).



Shawkanī, Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Muhammad (d. XXXX- 1250 AH = 1759-1834 CE)

Salafi Sunni exegete born in to a Zaydi family in Yemen...  

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  • Fath al-qadīr...  5 vols., 2nd ed. Cairo:  ADD., n. d.
  • Fath al-qadīr al-jāmi`  bayn fana al-riwaya wa'l-dariya min `ilm al-tafsir.  5 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Ma`rifa,
  • Fath al-qadīr...           2 vols.  200? 1100pp.


Sharbīnī, Muhammad ibn Aḥmad al-Khatīb (d. 968/1560)  

 Tafsir al Khatib al Sharbini (1/4)

  • تفسير الخطيب الشربيني  = السراج المنير
  • Tafsīr al-Khatīb al-Sharbīnī , 4 vols. Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya XXXX/ 2004 2944 pp,.


Shirazi,  Ḥakim Amīr Fatḥ-Allāh  (d. 992/1584) son of Shukr-Allah Shirazi.

Polymathic author and historian who lived in India and wrote Persian Qur'ān commentaries.

  • Minhaj al-ṣadiqīn. Persian Qur'ān commentary.
  • Minhaj al-ṣadiqīn. 
  • Khulasat al-minhaj.  Summary of the Persian Quran commentary


ناصر مكارم الشيرازي

al-Shirazi,  Nasir Makarim (d. XXXX/XXXX)

 Al Amthal (1/20)  الأمثل في تفسير كتاب الله المنزل

  • الأمثل في تفسير كتاب الله ...
  • al-Amthal fi Tafsir Kitab Allah...  20 vols. Beirut: Dar Ihya' al-Turath, 2002




al-Simnānī  = Aḥmad ibn Muhammad ibn Aḥmad Biyānbānkī =  `Alā' al-Dawlah al-Simnānī (d. 787/1336)

A Kubrāwî, `Ala`al-Dawla Simnānī (d.1336) spent his youth at the Ilkhanid court, a poet and mystical philosopher who modifīed Ibn `Arabi's concept of wahdat al-wujud. A  favorite saint of the later Naqshbandiyya.

  • Tafsīr Najm al-Qur'ān. mss. see Elias 1995 index.
  • al-`Urwah li-ahl al-khalwah wa-al-jalwah. ed. Najīb Māyil Haravī,  Tehran : Intisharat-i Mawlā,  1st ed. 1404 AH =1362/1983. (644pp.)
  • Divan-i kamil-i Ash`ar-i Farsi va `Arabi ,Tihran : Shirkat-i Muallifan va Mutarjiman-i Iran,1985. This Persian Book includes an
    introduction on the life of the poet by Zabih Allah Safa, xix, [10], 515 pp.


Marijan Mole,

  • "Un traité de ^la^ud-dawla Simnānī sur `Ali  ibn Abī Tālib," Bulletin de l'Institut Français de Damas 16 (1958-60).

  Landolt. Hermann

  • "Simnānī on Wahdat al-Wujud," in Collected Papers on Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism, ed. Mehdi Mohaghegh and Hermann Landolt (Tehran, 1971).
  • Landolt, ed. and trans., Correspondence spirituelle, échangé entre Nouroddin Esţarayeni (ob, 717/1317) et son disciple '-Alaoddawleh Sem-nani (ob. 736/1336) (Tehran and Paris, 1972)

Nwyia, Paul.

  • "Muqaddimat tafsīr al-Qur’ān li-`Alā’ al-Dawla Simnānī," al-Abḥāṭ, vol. 26 (1973-77), 141-57.

Elias, Jamal J.

  • Ṣūfī Thought and Practice in the Teachings of `Alā’ ad-dawla as-Simnānī, Ph.D. dissertation, Yale, 1991.
  • The Throne Carrier of God, The Life and Thought of `Ala ad-Dawla as-Simnani. New York, Albany : SUNY Press, 1995.


al-Shāfī 'ī, Muhammad ibn Idris (attrib.) (d. 204/820),

  • Tafsīr al-Imam al-Shafi`i. ed and compiled Majdi ibn Mansur ibn Sayyid al-Shurá. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya,  1995. 199pp.

  • Aḥkām al-Qur'ān

al-Shahrastānī, Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Karīm (b. c. 469 [479]-542[8] = c. 1086-1153[61]).

Outwardly an Asharite Sunni thinker yet most probably a Nizari Isma'ili theologian, Qur'ān commentator and History of Religions expert.






  • Mafātīḥ al-Asrār wa Maṣābīḥ al-Abrār [Persian Facsimile editon in 2 vols. covering Sūrat al-Fatiha and Baqara Q.  Surahs 1-2]. Tehran: Markaz-i Intishār-i Nushakh-i Khaṭṭī  ( = Centre for the Publication of Manuscripts). Facsimile edition of the Unique Manuscript at the Library of the Islamic Consultative Assembly  or Bunyād-i Farhang-i Irān. Introduction by `Abd al-Husayn Ha'iri and Indices by Parviz Akhka'i,  1989 CE/1409 AH/1368Sh.  (Vol. 1 = 26pp +1-240 pp. + vol.2 = pp. 241-434 + Index = pp. 869-913). Important partially extant Persian Tafsīr dating to 540/1145.
  • Tafsīr al-Shahrastānī, Mafātīḥ al-Asrār wa Maṣābīḥ al-Abrār, [Keys to the Mysteries and Lamps for the Pious] ed. Muhammad `Alī Ādharshab. Tehran: Iḥyā-i Kitāb, Daftar-i Nashr-i Miras-i Maktub, 1997.*
  • Tafsīr-i Shahristānī, Mafātīḥ al-Asrār wa Maṣābīḥ al-Abrār.  vol.1 ed. Muhammad `Alī Ādharshab. Tehran: Mirās-i Maktub, + The Institute of Ismaili Studies [=Islamic Thoughts & Sciences, vol. 54 [No.166]), 2008. 596+vi pp. ISBN 978-964-8700-58-9.*
  • Tafsīr-i Shahristānī, Mafātīḥ al-Asrār wa Maṣābīḥ al-Abrār.  vol.2 ed. Muhammad `Alī Ādharshab. Tehran: Mirās-i Maktub, + The Institute of Ismaili Studies [=Islamic Thoughts & Sciences, vol. 54 [No.166]), 2008. [597]600-1271+vii [Index] + English introduction by Toby Meyer + Notes = pp iv+5-34.ISBN 978-964-8700-43-5.* 2 vols. 1384pp.

 Mayer, Toby.

  • `Shahrastānī on the Arcana of the Qur'ān: A Preliminary Evaluation.' in  Journal of Qur'ānic Studies, 2005, Vol. 7 Issue 2, pp. 61-100,

  • Keys to the Arcana: Shahraståní’s Esoteric Commentary on the Qur’an An Edition of the Arabic Text with Annotated English translation of Vol. 1 of Muhammad b. ‘Abd al-Karím al-Shahraståní’s Mafåtíh al-asrår wa-masåbíh al-abrår By Toby Mayer Qur'ānic Studies Series, 6 Oxford University Press in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies, 2008.  ISBN 13: 9780199533657

  • "Only preserved in a single manuscript in Tehran, this remarkable twelfth-century Qur’anic commentary by Mu°ammad b. ‘Abd al-Karím al-Shahraståní marks the achievement of a lifelong, arduous quest for knowledge. Shahraståní began writing Mafåtí° al-asrår or Keys to the Arcana towards the end of his life and the work reflects the brilliant radicalism of his more private religious views. The introduction and opening chapter of this virtually unknown work is presented here in a bilingual edition, which also includes an introduction and contextual notes by Toby Mayer. In Keys to the Arcana, Shahraståní breaks down the text of the Qur’an and analyzes it from a linguistic point of view, with reference to the history of Qur’anic interpretation. The author’s ultimate aim is to use an elaborate set of complimentary concepts - the ‘keys’ of the work’s title - to unearth the esoteric meanings of the Qur’anic verses, which he calls the ‘arcana’ of the verses (asrår al-åyåt). A historian of religious and philosophical doctrines, Shahraståní has generally been considered to be a spokesman for the Sunni religious establishment under the Seljuqs. The complimentary concepts in question, however, appear to derive from the Ismaili Shi‘i intellectual tradition, indicating that the author may have been secretly involved in the Ismaili movement. Shahraståní’s unusually esoteric and highly systematic exegesis of the Qur’an provides a vivid picture of the mature state of scriptural commentary in the twelfth-century. Dr Mayer’s meticulous translation of Shahraståní’s Introduction and Commentary on Surat al-fatiha, supplemented by the Arabic text, allows the reader and scholar access to this intriguing Muslim intellectual work for the first time." (

Select other writings of al-Shahrastānī:

  • Kitāb al-Milal wa'l-nihal ("The Book of Religious and Philosophical Communities") [written 1127 CE]*
  • Kitāb al-Milal wa'l-nihal. ed. Muhammad Fath-Allāh Badrān, 2 vols. Cairo: Matba`at al-Azhar, 1366-75/1947-55.
  • Abu-’l-Fath’ Muhammad Asch-Schahrastani’s Religions-partheien und Philosophen-Schulen. Zum ersten Male vollständig aus dem Arabischen übersetzt und mit ... Anmerkungen versehen von ... Theodor. Haarbrücker, Julius Zenker,  2 Thle. Halle, 1850-51.
  • Nihayat al-`iqdam ("The Culmination of Demonstration in Scholastic Philosophy").


al-Shawkānī , Muhammad b. 'Ali.  (d. 1250/1832)

  • Fatḥ al-qadīr al-jami' bayna fannay al-riwayah wa al-dirayah fī  'ilm al-Tafsīr, 5 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-fīkr, 1393.

al-Shirāzī,  Hibbat-Allāh Abū  Naṣr  ibn Mūsā al-Shirazi  = al-Mu'ayyad fī 'l-Dīn Shirāzī (d.470/1077).

Fatimid Isma'ili commentator. See Poonawalla EI2 5:270; Reynolds, 2001:145-155: Klemm 2003.

  • al-Majālis al-Mu'ayyadiyyah,   vols. 1 and 3  Mustafa Ghalib. Beirut, 1974-1984.
  •  al-Majālis al-Mu'ayyadiyyah,  vols 1 and 2  ed. Ḥātim Hamid al-Din.  Oxford and Bombay, 1395-1407/1975-1986.
  •  al-Majālis al-Mu'ayyadiyyah,  vols 1 ed. Ḥātim Ibn Ibrahim + Muhammad `Abd al-Qadir  `Abd al-Nasir  [= Silsilat Nafa'is al-fīkr al-Islami, No. 2]. Cairo: ADD.  1395/1975.

Muhammad Kāmil Husayn (1901-1961)(ed).

  • Sirat al-Mu`ayyad fī 'l-Din Dā`ī al-Du`āt ed. Muhammad Kāmil Husayn, Cairo: Dar al-Kutub, XXXX/ 1949.
  • Dīwān al-Mu`ayyad fī 'l-Din Dā`ī al-Du`āt ed. Muhammad Kāmil Husayn, Cairo: Dar al-Kutub, XXXX/ 1949.

Klemm, Verena.

  • Memoirs of a Mission, The Isma'ili Scholar, Statesman and Poet al-Mu'ayyad fī 'l-Dīn Shirāzī. London, New York: I.B. Tauris, Institute of Isma'ili Studies, 2003. ISBN 1-85043-422-0. (160pp.).


al-Siyalkuti, (ADD/ ADD)

  • Hashiyah 'ala al-Tafsīr li all-Qadi al-Baydawi. Quetta: Maktabat-i Islamiyah, 1977.


Sufyān al-Thawrī, Ibn Sa`īd Abu `Abd-Allāh (ADD/ADD).

  • Ḥaqā'iq al-tafsīr (The Realities of Exegesis). Often cites Ja`far al-Sadiq, the 6th Imam of the Shi`ites.
  • Tafsīr. Ed. Imtiyaz `Alî 'Arshī. XXXX: XXXX, 1930. Reprinted, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-cllmivya, 1983/1403.

al-Sulamī,  Abū  `Abd al-Rahman Muhammad ibn  al-Ḥusayn (d. 412/1021 CE).

Sufi biographer and exegete from Nishapur. See Patrick S. O'Donnell, BEIP 2:289-293.

  • Tabaqāt al-sufīyah. ed. Nur al-Dīn Sharibah. 2nd printing. Aleppo:  Dār al-Kitāb al-Nafī s, 1986.

  • Majmu`ah-yi  Athar-i Abi  `Abd al-Rahman Sulami...ed. Nasr Allah Purjavadi.  Tehran: Markaz-i Nashr-i Danishgahi, 1368/1989.  

  • Majmū`a-yi āthār Abū `Abd al-Raḥmān al-Sulamī, vol. 1, ed. Naṣr Allāh Pūrjavādī . Tehran: Markaz-i Nāsher-i Dāneshgāhī).
  • The Minor Qur’ān Commentary of Abū `Abd ar-Raḥmān Muhammad b. al-Ḥusayn as-Sulamī, ed. G. Böwering . Beirut: Dār el-Machreq 1995.
  • Tafsīr al-Sulaymī wa huwa haqā'iq al-tafsīr. 2 vols. ed. Sayyid `Imran. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1321/2001. ISBN 2-7451-3164-8.  This edition is apparently "based on late and corrupted" mss. (Rostum 2005: 336 fn.3).
  • Tafsīr al-Sulaymī  haqā'iq al-tafsīr.  new critical edition forthcoming by  Böwering...
  • Ziyadat haqā'iq al-tafsīr, ed. G. Böwering, Beirut : Dar al-Mashriq,1995.Rep. 1997.  255pp. ISBN 2721460072. Based on a mss discovered by  Böwering in Bosnia. 

Nwyia, Paul.

  • "Muqaddimat tafsīr al-Qor’ān li-`Alā’ al-Dawla Simnānī," al-Abḥāt¯, vol. 26 [1973-77], pp. 141-57.

Böwering, Gerhard.

  • 1979 The Classical Vision of Existence in Islam: the Qur’ānic Hermeneutics of the Sūfī Sahl al-Tustarī (d. 283/896) (Berlin: de Gruyter).

  • 1989 Sufi hermeneutics in medieval Islam, Revue des Etudes Islamiques, 57, pp. 255–270.

  • 1991 The Qur’ān commentary of al-Sulamī, in: W. B. Hallaq & D. P. Little (Eds) Islamic Studies Presented to Charles J. Adams (Leiden: Brill), pp. 41–56.

  • The Minor Commentary of Abū `Abd ar-Raḥmān Moḥammad b. al-Ḥusayn as-Solamī, Beirut, 1995, pp. 15-23

  • 1996a The major sources for Sulamī’s minor Qur’ān commentary, Oriens, 35, pp. 41–56.

  • 1996b  From the Word of God to the Vision of God: Muhammad’s heavenly journey in classical Sūfī Qur’ān commentary, in: M. A. Amir-Moezzi (Ed.) Le Voyage Initiatique en terre d’Islam: Ascensions ce´lestes et itine´raires spirituels (Louvain: Peeters), pp. 205–221.

  • 2001 The light verse: Qur’ānic text and Sūfī interpretation, Oriens, 36, pp. 113–144.

  • 2003 The scriptural ‘senses’ in medieval Sūfī Qur’ān exegesis, in: J. D. McAuliffe, B. D. Walfish & F.W. Goering (Eds) With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity and Islam (New York: Oxford University Press), pp. 346–365.

M. Nuqrāshī, 

  • al-Baḥṭ  wa'l-dirāsa fī mawzū` Abū `Abd-al-Raḥmān al-Sulamī mofasseran. Ph.D. dissertation at al-Azhar.

Rostom, Mohammed.

  • `Forms of Gnosis in Sulamī’s Sufi Exegesis of the Fātiha' in  Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, Vol. 16, No. 4 (October 2005),  327–344,


Sūr-Ābādī =  Abū  Bakr ’Atīq ibn Muhammad Nishabūrī (d. 494/1101).  Important early 5th/11th cent CE Persian translator and Qur'ān commentator. 

Sūr-Ābādī made  a complete Persian translation of the Qur'ān and wrote one of the oldest Persian Tafsīr works upon it which he himself named Tafsīr al-Tafāsīr ("Tafsīr of Tafsīrs") and arranged in seven parts or volumes. There exist a large number of often incomplete mss.  of his Tafsīr on which see Storey, Persian Literature vol. 1:3  and the two introductory pages prefaced to the 1381/2002 printing  which contains details of mss. and publication history (esp. Sūr-Ābādī  Tafsīr vol. 5: 2903ff for numerous mss. variants). 

  • Tafsīr-i Qur'ān-i Karīm. [Tehran] : Intishārāt-i Bunyād-i Farhang-i Îrān, 1345 Sh./ 1966. (418pp.). Facsimile of  mss. from India Office Library (London), 523 (?).
  • Chand qiṣṣah az chand surah Qur'ān bar guzidah az tafsīr-i Abu Bakr Atīq Nishabūrī mashur bih Sūrābādī.. Tehran: Danishgah (124pp.). A selection of `Stories of the Prophets' from the Sūrābādī. Tafsīr associated with Q. XII; XIV and XVII_XX.  
  • Qiṣaṣ-i Qur'ān-i maīid bar giriftih az Tafsīr-i Abu Bakr Atīq Nishabūrī mashur bih Sūrābādī... Tehran: Danishgah-yi Tehran, 1347Sh./ 1968-9. (31+533pp.).
  • Tafsîr-i Sûr-Âbādî. Vol. 1 Tehran:  Intishārāt-i Bunyād-i Farhang-i Îrān 186., 1353 Sh./ 1974-5  (vi+264 pp) [=’Aks-i Nuskhahā-yi Khaṭṭî 6). Facsimilie of a mss. copy ...
  • Tafsîr-i Sûr-Âbādî, "Tafsīr al-Tafāsir". 5 (4 +1 variant readings and index)  vols. ed. `Ali Akbar Sa`īdī  Sirjānī, Tehran: Farhang-i Nashr-i Naw, 1381/2002 (3571pp.).

Orsatti, Paola.

  • "La storia di Adamo in un commento corainico persiano." In Yad-nama in Memoria de Alessandro Bausani. Ed. B. S. Amoretti and L. Rostagno, 1:343-362. Universita di Roma La Sapienza Studi Orientali 10. Rome, 1991.


al-Suyūṭī, Jalāl a-Dīn `Abd al-Raḥman (d. 911/1505)

السيوطي/جلال الدين عبد الرحمن

Click to Detail

  • Tafsīr al-Durr al-manthūr fī al-tafsīr al-maʾthūr. X vols. Cairo:XXXX., 1314/1897.
  • al-Durr al-Manthūr fī 'l-Tafsīr al-Mānthūr. 6 vols. in 3  with the Tafsīr ascribed to Ibn `Abbās in the margin, Qumm : al-Maktabat Shihab al-Din al-Husayni, Ayat-Allah al-Mar`ashi al-Najafī , n.d. c. 1377/1957 (+1404/1983).*
  • Tafsīr al-Durr al-manthūr fī al-tafsīr al-maʾthūr-  li-ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn al-Kamāl Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī ; ḍubiṭa al-naṣṣ wa-al-taṣḥīḥ wa-isnād al-āyāt wa-wuḍi ʻa[t] al-ḥawāshī wa-al-fahāris bi-ishrāf : 8 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1983.
  • al-Durr al-Manthūr. Beirut: ADD 1411/1990.
  • al-Durr al-Manthūr fī 'l-Tafsīr al-Mānthūr, 7 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 200-.  4472pp. 

     Ṭabaqāt al-Mufassarīn

  • Ṭabaqāt al-Mufassarīn. Liber de interpretibus Korani, ex ms. codice Bibliothecae Leidenesis editus et annotatione illustratus A. Meursinge. Rep of the Leiden 1839 edition Tehran: Kitābfurush Asadi, 1960. *
  • Tabaqāt al-mufassirîn. Liber de interpretibus Korani, ex ms. codice Bibliothecae Leidensis editum et annotatione illustratum a A. Meursinge. Leiden, S. & J. Luchtmans, 1839. (6+188+4 pp Latin text + 43 pp. Arabic.

    al-Itqān fī `ulūm al-Qur'ān = الإتقان في علوم القرآن


  • al-Itqān fī `ulūm al-Qur'ān, Cairo: Azhariyya Press, 2 vols. 1318/ 1900.*

  • al-Itqān fī `ulūm al-Qur'ān,  ed. Muhammad Abū al-Faḍl Ibrāhīm,  Cairo:  2 vols. XXXX/ 1957.

  • al-Itqān fī `ulūm al-Qur'ān. Lahore: Suhail Academy, 1394/1974.
  • al-Itqān fī `ulūm al-Qur'ān. al- Maktaba al-Assrya,  2006.  975pp.  ISBN-ISBN13-UPC: 9953344531


Tahbir fi'I'Ilm al-Tafsīr : التحبير في علم التفسير

  • Tahbir fi `Ilm al-Tafsīr.  XXX:XXX., 300 pp.

+ Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad ibn Aḥmad al-Maḥallī (d. 864/1459).

  • Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, [Lithograph] 2 vols. Cairo: al-Matba`at al-Amira al-Sharfiyya, 1318-19/1900-1901. [Vol.1 = Pts. i +ii = ] 256  + 294 pp. + [Vol. 2 = Pts. iii + iv= ] 293 + 304pp. *

  • Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, Damascus 1385/1965.

  • Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, Damascus 1398/1978.

  • Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, ed. Ṣabrī Muhammad Mūsā + Muhammad Fā’iz Kāmil,  Damascus/Lebanon: Dār al-Khayr,  2003.

  • Tafsīr al-Jalālayn. Riyadh: Dar al-Salam, 1422/2001. 1249 pp.*

  • Tafsīr al-Jalālayn.  Riyadh: Dar al-Salam, 1422/2001. 618 pp.*

  • al-Qur'an al-Karim bi'l-rasim al-Uthmani Tafsīr al-Jalālayn + libab al-nuqul fi asbab al-nuzul...1419/1999. 604 + ii + 600-700 + ii pp. * x2.



  • Tafsīr al-Jalālayn : Complete English Translation by Aisha Bewley (Jalālu'd-Din al-Mahalli, Jalālu-d-Din as-Suyuti) Abdalhaqq Bewley, Muhammad Isa Waley (eds.)  Dar al Taqwa Ltd., 2008 1378pp. ISBN: 1870582616.


Ishaq, Muhammad.

  • The autobiographical sketch of Imam Jalāl al-Dīn Suyūtī' in Journal of the Asiatic Society (Pakistan), vol. 7 /1(1962), 211-229

Nemoy, L.

  • `The treatise on the Egyptian pyramids, by Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūtī. (Tuḥfat al-aḥkām fī khabar al-ahrām.)' Ed. with introduction, translation and notes' in  Isis 30 (1939) , 17-37,


al-Suʻūd = Abū al-Suʻūd Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad, al-ʻImādʾ (c. 1492-1574-5 CE) [d. 951/1544] .

  • [Tafsīr al-Manlā Abī al-Suʿūd ] Hādhā al-juzʾ al-thānī min Tafsīr al-Manlā Abī al-Suʿūd. = Irshād al-ʿaql al-salīm ilā mazāyā al-Kitāb al-karīm.    2 vols.  [Cairo], 1275- 1858-9.

  • Irshād al-ʻaql al-salīm ilá mazayá al Qurʾān al-karīm. 5 vols. in 2 vols. 1928.

  • Irshād al-`aql al-salim ila mazaya al-Qur’an al-karim. Beirut: Add, 1990.

  • Tafsīr Abī al-Suʻūd al-musammá Irshād al-ʻaql al-salīm ilá mazayá al Qurʾān al-karīm.


al-Ṭabaranī, Abū-'l-Qāsim Sulaymān ibn Aḥmad  al-Ṭabarānī ( XXX/971)..

   Tafsir al-Tabarani

  • Tafsir al-Tabarāni, 6 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2000?
  • Tafsir al-Tabarāni. 
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabīr : tafsīr al-Qurʼān al-ʻAẓīm by Sulaymān ibn Aḥmad Ṭabarāni.ed. Hishām ibn ʻAbd al-Karīm Badrānī.  Irbid  Dār al-Kitāb al-Thaqāfī : Dār al-Mutanabbī, 2008.
  • Fihris al-aṭrāf. by Abū-'l-Qāsim Sulaimān Ibn-Aḥmad aṭ- Ṭabarānī; Abū-Muʻād Ṭāriq Ibn-ʻAwaḍallāh Ibn-Muḥammad. Cairo: Dār al-Ḥaramain, 1995.


al-Ṭabarsī, see Tabrisi below  

al-Ṭabarī, Abū  Ja`far Muhammad b. Jarīr, (d. 310/923)

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EI2 vol. X: ADD;

Al-Tabari: A Medieval Muslim Historian and His Work, ed. Hugh Kennedy Princeton:  Dārwin Press, 2008. 384pp. Contains 20 important contributions by leading academics and a useful bibliography pp.355-361.

        A massive, early Sunni Tafsīr work that has been of foundational importance for many subsequent Qur'ān commentators.

  • Jāmi` al-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān. On the margins: Al-Nīsāburī, Gharā'ib al-Qur'ān wa ragā'ib al-Furqān]. 30 vols. in 10 and an index vol. Ed. Muhammad al-Zahri al-Ghamrawï. Cairo: Matba`at al-Maymaniyya, 1321/1903. Includes in margin the commentary of Muhammad ibn Husayn al-Nishabūrī

  • Jāmi’ al-bayān fî tafsīr al-Qur’ān. 30 vols. in 12  [Cairo] Būlāq: Amriyya, 1323-29/1905-1911. Includes in margin the commentary of Muhammad ibn Husayn al-Nishaburi.
  • Jami' al-Bayān `an tajwĩl al-Qur'ān. 30 vols, in 12. Edited by Muṣṭafa al-Saqqā. Cairo: Muṣṭafa al-Bābī al-Halabī, 1373-6/1954-7.
  • Jāmi' al-bavān 'an ta'wĩl āy al-Qur'ān. 16 vols. Ed. Mahmud Muhammad Shākir et al. Cairo:  Dār al-Ma'ārif, 1954-68.
  • Jāmi' al-Bayān 'an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān [up to Q. 14:27], ed. Maḥmud Muhammad Shākir and Aḥmad Muhammad Shākir, 16 vols., so far  Cairo:  Dār al-Ma'ārif, 1954-1968.
  • Tafsīr al-Ţabarī, Jāmi' al-bayān 'an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān li-Abī Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarīr al-Ṭabarī  224-310 h.. Edited by Mahmūd Muhammad Shākir and Aḥmad Muhammad Shākir. Turāth al-Islām. 16 vols. to date. Cairo: Dar al-Ma'ārif, 1374֊/1954֊.
  • Jāmi` al-Bayān `an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān. 2nd ed. for some vols., 15 vols. Cairo 1969  ed. Aḥmad Sā'īd 'Alī et al.,
  • Jāmi’ al-Bayān fî tafsīr al-Qur’ān.  Rep. Beirut : XXXX., 1392 / 1972. 30 vols.  in 12.
  • Jāmi` al-Bayān `an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān,15 Vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr 1408/1985.  

  • Tafsīr al-Tabari al-musammā Jami' al-bayān fī ta'wīl al-Qur'ān. 30 vols. in 12. Beirut:  Dār al-Kutub al-'`Ilmiyya, XXXX/1992.

  • Jami' al-Bayān 'an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān. 30 vols. Edited by Aḥmad Sā`id 'Ali et al. Cairo, 1954-57. Repr., Beirut:  Dār al-Fikr, 1984.
  • Jāmi' al-bayān fī  ta'wīl al-Qur'ān. 15 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Fikr, 1408/1988.
  •  *
  •  Jāmi' al-bayān fī  ta'wīl al-Qur'ān. 12 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmīyah, 1992.

  •  *

  • Select summarized Tafsīr excerpts =

Tahdhīb al-āthār: Musnad...

  • Tahdhīb al-āthār: Musnad `Abd-Allah ibn `Abbās. ed. Maḥmud A. Shākir., Cairo: Matba`at al-Madani,  1982.
  • Tahdhīb al-āthār: Musnad `Ali ibn `Abī  Ṭālib. ed. Maḥmud ibn Shākir., Cairo: Matba`at al-Madani,  1982.
  • Tahdhīb al-āthar: Musnad 'Umar bin al-Khaţţab. Edited by Mahmud ibn Shākir. Cairo: Maţba'at al-Madanī, 1983.

Secondary Sources

Loth, O.  

  • ADD in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft, vol. xxxv. (1881), 588-628.

 Sourdel, Dominique.

  • "Une Profession de foi de l'historien al-Tabarī." Revue des études islamiques 2 (1968): 177-99.

Cooper, J., + W. F. Madelung, and A. Jones

  • The Commentary on the Qur'ān: Being an Abridged Translation of Jami՝ al-Bayān 'an ta'wil ay al-Qur'ān. Edited by J. Cooper, W. F. Madelung, and A. Jones. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Cooper, J.

  • The commentary on the Qurān / by Abū Ja‘far Muhammad b. Jarīr al-Tabarī ; being an abridged translation of Jāmi‘ al-bayān ‘an tawīl āy al-Qurān, with an introduction and notes by J. Cooper ; general editors, W. F. Madelung, A. Jones. Imprint London ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1987

  • Commentary on the Qur`ān, Vol.1, Delhi 1987. ISBN 0-19-920142-0 The commentary on the Qur'ān, by Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Jarir al- Tabari ; being an abridged translation of Jami' al-Bayān 'an ta'wil ay al-Qur'ān, with an introduction and notes by J. Cooper (General editors, W.F. Madelung,  A. Jones.) Oxford University Press, 1987 ( ADD pp.).

Gilliot. Claude.

  • See his doctoral thesis and numerous articles relating to al-Tabari and Islamic Tafsīr:

  • La sourate al-Baqara dans le Commentaire de Tabari (Le développement et le fonctionnement des traditions exégétiques à la lumière du commentaire des versets 1 à 40 de la sourate), I-II, Thèse pour le doctorat de 3ème cycle, Université Paris-III, juin,1982, 403+136 pp.,
  • Aspects de l'imaginaire islamique commun dans le Commentaire de Tabari, I-II, Thèse pour le doctorat d'Etat, Université Paris-III, septembre 1987, 756 pp.
  • Exegese, langue et théologie en Islam: 'exégèse coranique de Tabari. Paris: J. Vrin, 1990.

  • Les oeuvres de Tabari (m. 310/923), MIDEO, 19 (1990), p. 49-90, index

  • al-Tabari : tahsiluhu al-thaqafi, traduit par M. Khayr al-Biqa'i, al-Mawrid (Bagdad), 19/2 (1990), p. 529.

  • Exégèse et sémantique institutionnelle dans le Commentaire de Tabari, Stud. Isl., LXXVII (1993), p. 41-94.

  • Langue et Coran selon Tabari. I- La précellence du Coran, Stud. Isl., LXVIII (1988), p. 79-106.

  • Le traitement du hadith dans le Tahdhîb al-atharr de Tabari, Arabica, XLI (1994), p. 309-51

  • Mythe, récit, histoire du salut dans le Commentaire coranique de Tabari, JA, CCLXXXII (1994), p. 237-70.

  • Tabari et les chrétiens taghlibites, Annales du Département des Lettres Arabes, Université Saint-Joseph, Beyrouth, Memoriam Professeur Jean Maurice Fiey o. p., 6-B, années 1991-92 (1996), p. 145-59

McAuliffe, Jane Dammen.

  •   "Tabarĩ's Prelude to the Prophet." in Al-Tabari: A Medieval Muslim Historian and His Work, ed. Hugh Kennedy (Princeton:  Dārwin Press, 2008), 113-140.

Rahbar, Daud,

  • Indices to the verses of the Qur'ān in the commentaries of al-Tabarī and al-Rāzī . Hartford, Conn., Hartford Seminary Foundation, 1962 (iv+106 pp.). Based on al-Tabari,  Būlāq edition 1323-1329 AH. and Maimuriyya Press edition Egypt, 1321 and on several editions of the Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb of al-Razi...

Rippin, Andrew.

  • "Tabari, al-." In The Encyclopedia of Religion, edited by M. Eliade, 14:231-3. New York: Macmillan, 1986.

Tayob, Abdulkader.

  •  "An Analytical Survey of al-Ţabarî's Exegesis of the Cultural Symbolic Construct of fitna." In Approaches to the Qur'ān, edited by G. R. Hawting and Abdul-Kader A. Shareef, pp. 157-72. London: Routledge, 1993.

Samir, Khalil.

  • "Le Commentaire de Tābărî sur Coran 2/62 et la question du salut des non-musulmans." Annali Istituto Orientale di Napoli 40 (1980): 555-617.


The Persian translation ("recreation") of the Tafsīr of al-Ṭabarī  (d. 310/923). 

    Select Mss and Printed editions

  • Tarjumah-yi Tafsīr-i Ṭabarī.  dar zaman-i sulṭānat-i Manṣūr ibn Nūḥ Sāmānī, 350-365 Ḥijrī  7 vols. ed. Ḥabīb Yaghmā'ī. Tehran: Chapkhanah-yi Dawlati-yi Iran, 1339 Sh./1961. Vol. 1 (302+1pp.).

  • Tarjumah-yi Tafsīr-i Ṭabarī Add details. 

  • Tarjumah-yi Tafsīr-i Ṭabarī - Qiṣṣahhā - Fārsī-i qarn-i chahārum-i Ḥijrī.  vol. 1 (= Classical Persian Prose-1), Tabari's Commentary on the Qur'ān translated from Arabic into Persian by a Group of scholars for Abū Sālih Mansūr b. Nūḥ the Sāmānid riuler of Transoxiana and Khurāsān (A.D. 961-976/ A.H. 350-366)  ed. Ja`far Mudarris Ṣādiqī. Tehran: Nashr-i Markaz, 1372/1994 (27+440+1pp.).*

   Note Storey vol. 1:1f

"1. The first definite landmark in the history of Persian Qur'ānic literature is the translation of the large Arabic tafsīr of al-Ţabarî,1 which is likewise one of the oldest surviving works in the Persian language. 2 Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Jarīr al-Tabarī died at Baghdad in 310/923. 3 Abu Salih Manşūr b. Nūḥ, the Samānid ruler of Transoxiana and Khurasan, for whom this tafsĩr was translated, reigned from 350/961 to 366/976. The precise date of the translation is not recorded, but the Persian preface 4 gives information concerning the circumstances which led to the undertaking. The Arabic original, we are told, was brought in forty volumes to Abu Şalih Manşur b. Nuh, who, finding it difficult to read, desired that it should be translated. The 'ulamā of Transoxiana, whom he convoked and asked for a fatwa concerning the permissibility of translating it, expressed the view that for persons ignorant of Arabic it was lawful to read [ p.2>] and write Qur'ānic exegesis in Persian. They based their opinion mainly on the Qur'ānic verse "We have not sent any apostle save with the language of his people, that he might explain to them " (Surah xiv 4, tr. Palmer), but also on the consideration that from the time of Adam to that of Ishmael all the prophets and kings of the earth had spoken Persian, Ishmael having been the first to speak Arabic. Accordingly, Manşur ibn Nūḥ assembled learned men1 from Bukhara, Samarqand, Balkh, Farghānah and elsewhere, and they by his order elected from among themselves a company of translators. In the process of their work these scholars abridged the original by omitting the isnāds. They also added some historical information up to the year 345.

At the present day this translation and the oldest Persian commentaries on the Qur'ān are of special interest for the light which they throw on the Persian language at a comparatively early stage in its development. "


1 The Arabio text of this tafsīr was published in 30 volumes at the Maimamyah Preaa, Cairo, in 1321/1903. Its formal title (not mentioned in the preface) seems to have been Jāmi' al-bayān 'an ta՝wĩl āy al-Qur'ān, see Annales guos scripsit . . . at-Tabari ed. de Goeje, Introducilo, p. xii. An account of it by O. Loth was published in the ZDMG. 1881, pp. 588-028.

2. Of approximately equal antiquity are the abridged translation of al-Tabari's history of the world (Ta՝nkh al-rusul wa-'l-muluk) undertaken by the Wazĩr Abu 'Ali Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Bal'amĩ in obedience to an order issued in 352/903-4 by Abu Salih Manşur ibn Nüh (see Browne Lit. Hist, i 11-12, 309, 477-8), the Materia Modica (kitāb al-abniyah'an haqa'iq al-adwiyah) composed by Abu Manşur Muwaffaq ibn ' Alî Harawĩ for the same ruler (see Browne, ibid.), the geographical work Hudud al-'alam composed in 372/982-3 and discovered at Bukhara by A. Tumanski in 1892 (see Zapiski x 121 sq., Barthold in BSOS. ii 836) and possibly the Cambridge Tafsīr mentioned on p. 2.

3 For further information concerning him and his works see Fihrist 234-5, Ibn Khallikān no. 581, Subkï ii 135, Kaudāt al-jannāt iv 103, Goldziher in WZK3I. ix 358-71, de Goeje's introduction to the Annales quos scripsit . . . at-Tabari, Brockelmann i 142, eto.

4. The Persian text is quoted in Cureton-Rieu, p. 370.

[p.2] 1.Including Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Fadl al-anām [or simply al-Fadl, al-Faḍlĩ al-Kamārĩ, d. 381/991 at Bukhara, see al-Jawāhir al-muḍī'ah ii 107, al-Fawā'id al-bahîyah 184], Muhammad b. Ismā'ĩl al-Faqĩh, Abu Bakr Aḥmad b. Kärnid al-Faqïh, [al-]Khalïl b. Aḥmad al-Sijistānĩ [or al-Sijzī, d. 368/979 at Samarqand, see al-Jawahir al-muḍī'ah i 234, Ihn Quṭlũbughā 73, Sam'ānī 291b. Doubtless Jhd al-'ulamā՝ should be emended to Jahbadh al-'ulamā'], Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. 'Ali and Abū'l-Jahm Khālid b. Hani' al-Mufaqqih."

Other Persian translations of the Tafsīr of al-Ṭabarī  (d. 310/923). 

  • "Tarjamah-i Tafsīr-i Tabārī: H. Kh. ii 3161 ult., Rānipūr (Sūrahs i-iv 66. Circ. A.H. 600. See Nadhīr Aḥmad 11), Blochet i 25 (i-iv 64. Ādharbaijān, circ. A.H. 607-22), Ivanow 955 (ii-xvii. Probably Khurasan, 7th or 8էե cent. A.H.), Rieu i 8b (complete. Jaunpūr, A.H. 883). "  See Storey vol. 1:2.

  • Cf. "Probably not much later than the translation of Tabarĩ's tafsīr is the commentary of which the third and fourth volumes (Sūrahs xix 2-lxxxix 13 and xcii 5-cxiv) are preserved at Cambridge in a manuscript written in 628/1231. This commentary is as yet unidentified, but it is celebrated in consequence of the discussions of its linguistic and other features published by E. G. Browne in JRAS. 1894, pp. 417-524, and in the Cambridge Persian Catalogue, pp. 13-37." (Storey, vol. 1:2-3).

    Bal'amī, Abū `Alī (d.c.387/997) and a group of `ulamā' who translated ("recreated") in Persian al-Ṭabari's Arabic Tarikh al-rusul..

    See Storey vol. 1, II  No. 101 pp. 61-65.

  • Tar’īkh, an abridged translation of al-Ṭabarī's Ta'rīkh al-rusul wal-mulūk (q.v.), part I (the pre-Islamic section), ed. Muḥammad-Taqī Bahār. Tehran: Ministry of Education, 1962;
  • Part 11 (the Islamic section), 3 Vols. Tehran: Nashr-i Naw, 1987.
  • 1974 Tarīkh-i Bal'amī. ed. Muḥammad Taqī Bahār. rev. ed. Muhammad Parvin Gunabadī 2nd edn. Tehran: Zavvār. 1984
  • Trans. H. Zotenberg. 1984. Les prophètes et les rois de la création à David. Paris: Sindbad. 1994
  • Tārīkh nāmih i Ṭabarī: bakhsh-i chāp-nāshudih. ed. Muḥammad Rawshan. 3rd edn. Tehran: Nashr-i Alburz.



al-Ṭabāṭabā'ī =  Sayyid Muhammad Ḥusayn al-Ṭabāṭabā'ī  (1321-1402 AH = 1904-1981 CE).

Iranian Shi`i philosopher and exegete.

  • al-Mizan fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān. Tehran: ADD 1366/1947.
  • al-Mīzān fl tafsīr al-Qur'ān. 20 vols. Beirut: Mu'assasat al-A'lamī lil-Maţbu'at, 1394/1974.
  • al-Mizan fī  tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 20 vols. Beirut: Mu 'assat al-A'lami li al-Matbu'at, 1394/1974. *
  • al-Mizan : fī  Tafsīr al-Qur'ān The al-Mizan Website, 1999 :
  • Rizvi, Sayyid Saeed Akhtar, trans. al-Mizan: An Exegesis of the Qur'ān. 5 vols. Teheran: WOfī s, 1983- .

Algar, H.

  • 'Allama Sayyid Muhammad Ḥusayn Ṭabaṭabai: Philosopher, Exegete, and Gnostic'  Journal of Islamic Studies (Oxford) 2006 vol .17; No. 3,, 326-351 .


al-Ṭabrisī [Tabarsī] =  Amīn al-Dīn  [Amīn al-Islām] Abū `Alī al-Faḍl ibn al-Ḥasan al-Ṭabrisī  (d. 548 /1154).

An Imami Shi`i commentator and a Mu`tazalite in matters of theology. His Majma` al-Bayān was completed in  in June 1142 (see EI2 art Kohlberg).

  •  Majma' al-bayān fī tafīr al-Qur'ān.  6 vols. Mat`ba`at  Saydā' [Sidon, Lebanon]: Maṭba`at al-`Irfān,  1333-56/1914-37.

  • Rep. 1914>  4 Vols. Qumm : al-Maktabat Shihab al-Din al-Husayni, Ayat-Allah al-Mar`ashi al-Najafī   *

  • Rep. 1914>  10 vols. in 5. Beirut: Dar al-Ihya al-Turath al`Arabi, 1383/ 1963.

  •  Majma' al-bayān fī tafīr al-Qur'ān.  10 vols. in 3.  Mat`ba`at  Saydā' [Sidon, Lebanon]: Maṭba`at al-`Irfān,  1334/1915. (?).

  • Majma' al-bayān fī tafīr al-Qur'ān, intr. Muḥsin al-Amīn al-Ḥusaynī al-'Āmilī, 30 vols, in 6, Beirut 1380/1961

  • Majma' al-bayān fī  tafsīr al-qur'ān, 6 vols. Beirut:  Dār Maktabat al-Ḥayat, 1380. *
  • Majma` al-Bayān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān . 5 vols. Qumm: Maktabah `Ayat-Allāh Uzmā al-Mar`ashī al-Najafī. 1403/ 1982. 
  • Majma' al-bayān fī  tafsīr al-qur'ān, 6 vols. Beirut: 1415/1995.




  • Majma' al-bayān fī  tafsīr al-qur'ān, 10 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Murtadha,   .


  • Persian abbreviated translation:
  • شرح واژه هاي قرآن در ترجمه تفسير عظيم مجمع البيان  = Sharh-i Vazhih-ha-yi Qur`an dar Tarjumah-yi Tafsīr-i Majma al-Bayān. Tehran: Farahani, 2003.   Select Persian translation by Ali Karami.  ISBN: 9646590187. 
  • Mukhtasar Majma' al-bayān fī tafīr al-Qur'ān. 3 vols. [Sections] Beirut: Dar al-Zahra', ADD/ADD.

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Jawāmi` al-Jā`mi` fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Majid

  • Jawāmi` al-Jā`mi` fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Majid. 2 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Aḍwā', 1405/1985.*
  • Ṭabrisī Majma' al-bayān...  2 vols. Ed. Dr. Hossein Kariman (Univ. Tehran Publications No. 760-1). Tehran: Danishgah Tehran, 1361 Sh/ 1983. Vol.1 is a bibliographical Study of the writings of al-Ṭabrisī (333pp.) and vol.2 A Study of the Majma' al-Bayān.



al-Ṭaftāzānī = Sa`d al-Din Maṣ`ūd ibn `Umar `Abd-Allāh al-Ṭaftāzānī  (722-793 AH = 1322-1390 CE)

He was a "renowned scholar and author on grammar, rhetoric, theology, logic, law and Qur'ān exegesis" EI2 X:88b.

  • Kashf al-asrār wa-`uddat al-abrār. A Persian Commentary on the Qur'ān

  • Tarjamah va Tafsīr-i Ṭaftāzānī Tahdhīb al-manṭīq [wa'l-kalām]-i Ṭaftāzānī. Tehran: Intisharat-i Danishgah-i Tehran,  (9,231pp.).

al-Ṭanṭāwī, Jawharī al-Misri (1278-ADD / 1862-1940). طنطاوي جوهري المصري

Studied at al-Azhar and  beacme "A modernist Egyptian theologian" (so de Jong in EI2 Supp X:262-3). See Brockelmann GAL Sup. III:329ff.

  • الجواهر في تفسير القرآن الكريم  = تفسير طنطاوي جوهري ـ المشتمل على عجائب بدائع المكونات - طنطاوي جوهري المصري

  • al-Jawāhir fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. 26 vols. Cairo: XXXX., 1923-1935.

  • al-Jawāhir fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. 13+1 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, XXXX., 

  • al-Jawāhir fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. 13+1 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2004., 7448pp. ISBN 2-7451-3636-4

Hartmann, M.

  • Scheikh Ṭanṭāwī, Dschauharī. Eine moderner egyptischer Theolog und Naturfreund' in Beitrage zur Kenntnis des Orients, XIII (1916),54-82.

Jomnier, J

  • `Le Cheikh Ṭanṭāwī, Jawharī (1862-1940) et son Commaintaire de Coran' in MIDEO V (1958), 115-174.

F de Jong.

  • The works of Ṭanṭāwī, Jawharī (1862-1940), some bibliographical and biographical notes' in Bibliotheca Orientalis  XXXIV/5-6


أبو إسحاق ... الثعلبي

al-Tha'labī [al-Nīsābūrī] = Abū Isḥāq Aḥmad b. Muhammad b. Ibrāhīm al-Tha'labī (d. 427/ 1035).

  • الكشف و البيان في تفسير القرآن =  تفسير الثعلبي

  • Select mss.

  • al-Kashf wa'l-bayān `an tafsir al-Qur’ān, Beyazıt Library no. 460. / Beyazıt Library : Veliyyüddin Efendi no. 130–3.

  • al-Kashf wa'l-bayān `an tafsir al-Qur’ān, Beyazıt Library Veliyyüddin Efendi no. 130–3

  • al-Kashf wa'l-bayān `an tafsir al-Qur’ān, Süleymaniye Library ≤ehid Ali Pa≥a no. 156

  • al-Kashf wa'l-bayān `an tafsir al-Qur’ān, Süleymaniye Library Yozgat Manuscripts no. 94

  • al-Kashf wa'l-bayān `an tafsir al-Qur’ān, Süleymaniye Library Ayasofya no. 289

  • al-Kashf wa'l-bayān `an tafsir al-Qur’ān, ed. Sayyid Kasrawī Ḥasan.  Beirut: Add,  2004.

  • al-Kashf wa’l-bayān fī  Tafsīr al-Qur'ān (The Unveiling and Exposition of the Commentary on the Qur'ān) -- Brockelman GAL I[2]] 429. No. 2:3.

  • al-Kashf wa’l-bayān al-ma`rūf bi’l-tafsīr al-Tha`labī. ed.  Abī Muhammad Ibn Āshūr. 10 vols. Beirut: Dār Iḥyā al-Turāth al-`Arabī.  1422 / 2002.*

  • al-Kashf wa’l-bayān fī  Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. 6 vols. ed. Sayyid Ḥasan  Kasrawī.  Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2004 (3404pp.).

  • الكشف و البيان في تفسير القرآن المعروف  تفسير الثعلبي. ed. Sayyid Hasan  Kasrawi.  Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2004.  3432pp.

Mehmet Akif Koc (Ankara University, Turkey)

  • `A Comparison of the References to Muqatil B. Sulayman (150/767) in the exegesis of al-Thalabi (427/1036) with Muqatil's own Exegesis' in Journal of Semitic Studies LIII/1 Spring 2008, pp. 69-101.
  • Abstract

Isaiah Goldfeld ed.,

  • Mufassiru sharq al-`ālam al-Islāmī fī arba`at al-qurūn al-ḥijriyya al-ulā: nashr makṭūṭāt muqaddimat al-Tha`labī li-kitāb al-Kashf wa-al-bayān `an tafsīr al-Qur’ān, `Akka [Acre], 1984. .*

  • Tha'labī-Goldfeld I. Goldfeld, Qur'ānic commentary in the eastern Islamic tradition of the fī rst four centuries of the hijra. An annotated edition of the preface to al-Tha'labī's "Kitāb al-Kashf wa-l-Bayān 'an Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. Acre [Israel]: Srugy Printers and Publishers, 1981/1984. .*  

Saleh, Walid A.

  •  ‘The Qur’an Commentary of al-Tha`labi (d.427/1035)’. Ph.D. thesis, Yale University, 2001.

  • The Formation of the Classical Tafsīr Tradition: The Quran Commentary of al-Thalabi (d. 427/1035) Berg, H. IJMES (Cambridge Univ. Press)2005 Vol. 37 No. 4,  617-619. .* 

Qiṣaṣ al-`anbiyā'

  • Qisas = Qiṣaṣ al-anbiyā' al-musammā bi-'Arā'is al-majālis, Cairo 1322;

  • Repr. Beirut 1980.  *

  • Arā’is al-majālis qiṣaṣ al-`anbiyā’ . [Cairo, 1374/1955 =] rep. Beirut: Dār al-Qalam. .*

  • Brinner tr. = ‘Arā'is al-majālis fī qiṣaṣ al-anbiyā' or : Lives of the prophets / as recounted by Abū Ishāq Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Tha‘labī; translated and annotated by William M. Brinner ( = Series Studies in Arabic literature vol. 24). Leiden – Boston: Brill, 2002. xxxiii, 772 pp. ; 25 cm Includes bibliographical references (p. [745]-750) and indexes….*.


al-Tha'ālibī, Abī Zayd  `Abd al-Raḥman ibn Muhammad al-Tha`ālabī  (d.875/1470)

Tafsir al-Tha'alibi (al-Jawaher al-Hisan)al-Jawaher al-Hisan fi Tafsir al-Quran

  • al-Jawāhir al-ḥisān fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 2 vols., Algiers, 1323-8/1905-1910.
  • al-Jawāhir al-ḥisān fī  tafsīr al-Qur'ān. 2 vols. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lami, n.d.
  • al-Jawāhir al-ḥisān fī  tafsīr al-Qur'ān. 4 vols. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`la.  n.d.
  • Tafsīr al-Tha'ālibī al-mawsum bi-Jawahir al-ihsan fiTafsīr al-Qur'ān. 4 vols. Beirut: al-Mu`assat al-A`lami li'l-Matbu`at, XXXX/ 1978. This is apparently a reprint of  the 1909  ed. of Muhammad ibn Mustafa ibn al-Khawja printedi n Algiers by al-Matba`a al-Tha'ālibiyya.
  • Tafsīr al-Tha'ālibī ... al-Jawāhir al-ḥisān fī  tafsīr al-Qur'ān. 5 vols.  ed. `Ali Muhammad Mu`awwad + `Adil Aḥmad `Abd. Beirut:  Dār al-Ihya al-Turath al-`Arabi, 1416/1997.*
  • al-Jawāhir al-ḥisān fī  tafsīr al-Qur'ān. 3 vols.  Beirut:  Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya, 1416/1997.*
  • al-Jawāhir al-ḥisān fī  tafsīr al-Qur'ān. 3 vols.  Sidon + Beirut: al-Maktabah al-`Asriyya, 1416/1997.*
  • Tafsir al-Tha'alibi (al-Jawāhir al-ḥisān) ed.  al-Shaykh Ali Muwaydh  5 vols. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-turath al-arabi, 200?.


al-Thawrī,   Abi `Abd-Allah Sufyān ibn Sa`id ibn Masruq al-Thauri al-Kufī  (161/ 777)

  • Tafsīr Sufyān al-Thawrī, ed. Beirut:  Dār al-Kitāb al-`Ilmiyya. 1403/1983. (482pp).




al-Ṭūsī =  Abi Ja'far Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Ṭūsī (d. 460/1067). Major Shi`i Qur'ān Commentator

  • al-Tibyān fī  tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 10 vols. Najaf: al-Matba'ah al-'Ilmiyah, 1376-1383.
  • al-Tibyān fī  tafsīr al-Qur'ān. Edited by Aḥmad Habib Qaşîr al-'Āmilī. 10 vols. Beirut:  Dār ihya' al-Turāth al-'Arabi, n.d.
  • al-Tibyān fī  Tafsīr al-Qur'ān (The Clarifīcation of Qur'ān Commentary). 10 vols., .ed. Aḥmad Ḥabib Qasir al-`Āmilī,  Maktab al-A`lam al-Islami,   Dār al-Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi  1409/1988. * 



al-Tustari, Muhammad b. `Abdullah Sahl., (d. 283/986). Early Sufī  Tafsīr.

  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-aẓīm. Cairo: Dār al-kutub al-`Arabiyya al-kubrā, 1329/1911*
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-`Azim: Shaykh al-`Arifin al-Imam al-Tustari, al-mutawaffā 283 H. Beirut (?): al-Dar al-Thaqafiyah lil-Nashr; al-Tab`ah, 2002.  ISBN-10: 9773390578 + ISBN-13: 978-9773390570. (319pp.).

Böwering, Gerhard.

· The Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Is­lam: The Qur'ānic Hermeneutics of the Sūfī Sahl At-Tustarī (d. 283/896).  Berlin:  Walter de Gruyter,  1979+1980.


Sahl al-Tustarī, Ibn 'Abd-Allāh (d.283/896)

  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-`azīm. Cairo: Dar al-Kutub al-`Arabiyya, 1329/1911 (136pp..).
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-`azīm. ed. Mahmud Jirat Allah + Muhammad Ibrahim Fayyumi. Cairo: Dar al-Thaqafiyya, 2002 (319pp..).ISBN 9773390578.
  • Tafsīr al-Tustarī. Beirut: Dar al-kutub al-`Ilmniyya, 2002,  (239pp.). ISBN 2745136313.

G. Böwering, 

  • The Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Islam:  The Qur’ānic Hermeneutics of the Ṣūfī Sahl At-Tustarī (d.283/896),  Berlin, 1980.  

Tafsīr Al-Tustari translated by Annabel and Ali Keeler

  • Tafsīr Al-Tustari (= The Great Commentaries on the Holy Qur’an Series Volume IV) translated by Annabel and Ali Keeler General Editor: Yousef Meri 310 pp. Amman Jordon: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought & Fons Vitae Publishing (USA).  ISBN: 1891785192 ISBN-13: 9781891785191.

  • "The Tafsīr Al-Tustari is the earliest surviving Sufi commentary on the Qur'ān. This commentary is one of the few authenticated works in Tustari's name, and is a key source for understanding the mystical thought and teachings of this important and influential Sufi. In addition to insights into the spiritual significance of almost 1000 verses of the Qur'ān, this commentary includes numerous references to traditions of the Prophet, explanations of the ethical and mystical dimensions of the religious life, stories of the prophets, and anecdotes about earlier mystics. The translation has the benefit of reference to three good manuscripts in addition to the printed edition of the text, and is generously augmented with explanatory footnotes throughout. The book will not only provide its readers with an invaluable introduction to the Sufi tradition of Qur'ānic interpretation, but also acquaint them with spiritual doctrines that were to become fundamental to the later development of Sufism. This is the first complete translation into English of any Sufi Qur'ān commentary, and will be a substantial and much-needed primary resource for the study of the Qur'ān, Islamic mysticism and the history of Islamic thought. Whilst there is an increasing number of works by the great Sufi masters available in Western languages, there has been no complete Sufi commentary available in English translation, in its entirety, until now.

  • About the Translators: Annabel Keeler obtained her doctorate from Cambridge University in 2001. Her dissertation, revised and expanded, was published in 2006 under the title "Sufi Hermeneutics: The Qur'ān Commentary of Rashid al-Din Maybudi." She recently completed a research fellowship at Wolfson College, Cambridge, where she now continues her work in the field of Islamic mysticism with a particular interest in the Sufi interpretation of the Qur'ān. Apart from her book on Maybudi's Qur'ān commmentary, she has published a number of articles in the field of Islamic mysticism and Sufi hermeneutics. She is currently preparing a monograph of the 9th Century mystic Abu Yazid al-Bistami.

  • Ali Keeler has spent almost ten years in the Middle East, firstly in the Yemen and then in Damascus, where as well as teaching English, he has studied Arabic, the art of Qur'ānic recitation, aspects of the traditional Islamic sciences, and has read through several classic works of Islamic mysticism with living Sufi masters. He has translated a number of books into English, including "Selected Prayers of the Prophet Muhammad and Great Saints" and "A Tourist Guide to Craq de Chevalier."



Usmani [Uthmani], Allama Shabbir Aḥmad Usmani (1885 -1949 CE).


  • Tafsīr Usmani = Tafsīr-i-usmani = Tafseer ul-Usmani... [transliterations vary]
  • The Noble Qur'ān: Tafseer-e-Usmani. English trans. Mohammad Ashfaq Aḥmad 2 (4) vols. New Delhi: Idara Isha`at-e-Diniyat Ltd. 1992. ISBN 81-7101-143-8 (set). *
  • Tafseer-e-Usmani : The Noble Qur'ān Tafsīr of Shabir Usmani (3 volume complete set) English translation. ISBN: 8171011438 Allama Shabir Aḥmad Usmani; Maulana Muhammed Ashfaq Aḥmad (translator) Publisher: Idara Isha'at-e-Diniyat, India Pages: 2642. 

Asbabunnuzul (ARABIC ONLY) alwahidi





al-Wāḥidĩ, Abū  al-Ḥasan 'Alî ibn Aḥmad (d. 468/1075).

  • Asbāb al-nuzūl. Beirut:  Dār wa-Maktabat al-Hilāl, 1410/1983.
  • Asbāb al-nuzūl.

  • Al-Wahidi’s Asbāb al-nuzūl.  (= The Great Commentaries of the Holy Qur’an Volume III ). Translated by Mokrane Guezzou General Editor: Yousef Meri Amman Jordon: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought & Fons Vitae Publishing.  304 pp. ISBN 1891785184;  ISBN-13 9781891785184. 
  • "Written by Imam al-Wahidi (d. 468/1075), Al-Wahidi’s Asbab al-Nuzul is the earliest, best-known representative and extant work of this genre. In the introduction to his Asbab al-Nuzul, Al-Wahidi, who was hailed as the greatest Qur'ānic commentator of his time, wrote, "We have ended up benefiting the beginners in the sciences of the Book by expounding the occasions for which it was revealed...

  • About the Translator: Dr. Mokrane Guezzou is a British-Algerian translator of major Islamic works. His translation of Al-Wahidi’s Asbab Al-Nuzul also appears in the Great Commentaries on the Holy Qur’an series. He is also presently at work on a translation and study of Ibn ‘Ata Allah al-Iskandari’s Al-Qasd al-Mujarrad fi Ma’rifat al-Ism al-Mufrad (Fons Vitae)."

Saleh, Walid A.

  • `The last of the Nishapuri school of tafsir: al-Wahidi (d. 468/1076) and his significance in the history of Qur'anic exegesis'  The Journal of the American Oriental Society  ADD HERE 2006. 


شاہ ولی اللہ دھلوی

Walī-Allāh Dihlawī, Shāh  (1702-1763 CE), Islamic reformer much influenced by Sufism.

  • al-Fawz al-Kabīr fī uṣūl al-Tafsīr . Lahore: Maktabah al-Salafiyya, 1951  (52+8pp).
  • al-Fawz al-Kabir fī  uṣūl al-Tafsīr . trans. Rashid Aḥmad Ansari, Delhi: Maktabah-yi Burhan, 1955  (88pp).
  • al-Fawz al-Kabir fī  uṣūl al-Tafsīr : the principles of Qur'ān Commentary (Contribution of Muslim thinkers in the Indian subcontinent [1]). Islamabad: National Hijra Council,  trans.  G. N. Jalbani . 1985. (93pp.).
  • al-Fawz al-Kabir fī  uṣūl al-Tafsīr by Shah Waliyullah trans.  G. N. Jalbani . 1999
  • Ḥujjat-Allāh al-bāligha. Cairo 1322-23/1904-05. 2 vols.  in 1.
  • Fatḥ al-Raḥman. (A Persian translation of the Qur'ān).
  • Ta`wīl al-ahadith (Arabic). An account of Qisas al-anbiya' stories rooted  in the Quran and hadith  with mystical theological interpretations and  lessons based upon them.
  • Trans. Baljon = A Mystical Interpretation of Prophetic Tales by an Indian Muslim: Shah Wali Allah's Ta'wil al-Ahadith by J. M. S. Baljon. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1973 (XXXpp.). *
  • Review  by Spencer Lavan in Journal of the American Academy of Religion, vol. 43, No. 3 (Sep., 1975), p. 621
  • Zahrawayn.  A commentary on the Sūrat al-baqara  (Q.2) and Surat al-`Imran (Q. XX).
  • Fath-al-Kabir (Arabic).  A glossary of the difficult words of the Qur'ān

al-Zarkashī =  Abū `Abd-Allāh Badr al-Dĩn Muhammad al-Zarkashī (745-794 AH  = 1344-1392 CE).

       Brockelmann,  GAL  II, 91-2. + Supp. II, 108, EI2 [Supp.] XII:842.

A prolifīc writer and Shāfī `ī jurist of Mamluk Cairo who authored perhaps 46 works several (14 or so) of which are in print. He studied Ḥadīth with Ibn Kathir  (d. 774/1373) and wrote, for example, on Tafsīr, Hadith, Fīqh, Abab and Kalām. His al-Burhān was a major influence upon al-Suyuti who to some degree modeled his al-Itqān upon it (see A. Rippin art. `Zarkashī' EI2 XII [= Supp. ]: 842).

  • al-Burhān fī 'ulūm al-Qur'ān. 4 vols. ed. Muhammad Abū al-Faḍl Ibrāhīm. Cairo: Add.,1376/ 1957 + 2nd ed. 1972.
  • Burhān fī 'ulūm al-Qur'ān, 4 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Jil, 1988. *
  • al-Burhān fī  'ulūm al-Qur'ān. ed., by Yūsuf 'Abel al֊ Rahman al-Mar'ashlī et al. Beirut:  Dār al-Ma'arifah, 1415/1994-5.

 Nolin, K. E.

  • `The Itqān and its Sources... ADD..

Zamakhsharī, Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmud Ibn `Umar (d. 583/1144).

 Brockelmann, C., GAL  ADD + SUPP.; Brockelmann, C.: art. "al-Zamaķhsharī," in: EI1 iv:1205; W. Madelung, EI2 XII:840-1. Persian born Arabic language expert and Mu'tazalite Qur'ān commentator. He wrote in the areas of Tafsīr, Hadith, Kalam and Abab...

Chapter 14 of the book Ideas, Images and Methods, Insights into Classical Arabic Literature and Islam  (ed. Sebastian Gunther, Leiden: Brill, 2005) by  Andrew J. Lane is entitled ` Working Within Structure, al-Zamakhshari (D. 1144): A Late Mutazalite Qur'ān Commentator at Work'. His essay  opens as follows, "Sometime after he had finished writing his Quran commentary, al-Kashshăf, the Mu'tazilite grammarian and man of letters from Khwarazm, Abu'l-Qasim Mahmud ibn 'Umar al-Zamakhsharî (d. 538 A.H./1144 C.E.), added the following postscript:

This copy is the first, original copy (nuskhat al-aṣl), which was transcribed from the rough draft (al-sawād); it is the original Meccan version of the Kashshāf (umm al-Kashshāf al-ḥaramiyya), hlessed and source of՝ blessing (al-mutamassaḥ bihā), worthy of being used to invoke heavenly blessings and to pray for rain in a year of drought. The author finished it with his own hand, facing the Ka'ba, in the shade of his house, the Sulaymaniyya, overlooking the Ajyād Gate, [which house has] Madrasat al-'Allāma written on it. [He finished it] on the morning of Monday, 23 Rabī' al-Ākhir in the year 528 (20 February, 1134 C.E.).' " (Lane, 2005: 347 translating a postscript within al-Kashshaf [Beirut.,ed., 1997] iv. 831, a postscript)

al-Kashshāf  'an haqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī  wujūh al-ta'wīl

("The Discloser of the Realities of the Hidden Things of Revelation and the Choicest Utterances concerning the Facets of  Exegesis").

  • al-Kashshāf  'an ḥaqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī  wujūh al-ta'wīl,  2 vols., ed. W. Nassau Lees, Calcutta: Maţba'at al-Laysi, 1856-9. 
  • al-Kashshāf  'an ḥaqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī  wujūh al-ta'wīl, 4 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Kitāb al-'Arabi, 1366/1947.  *
  • al-Kashshāf  `an ḥaqā'iq  al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī  wujūh al-ta'wīl.  4 vols. Cairo: Mustafa al-Bābī al-Halabĩ, 1966-68.
  • al-Kashshāf  'an ḥaqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī  wujūh al-ta'wīl, 4 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, XXXX/1977.
  • al- Kashshāf `an ḥaqā'iq  al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī  wujūh al-ta'wīl.  4 vols., ed. 'Abd al-Razzāq al-Mahdī, Beirut: Dar ihya' al-Turāth al-'Arabī, 1997.
  • al-Kashshāf  'an ḥaqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī  wujūh al-ta'wīl, 6 vols., ed. 'Âdil Aḥmad 'Abd al-Mawjūd and 'Alī Muhammad Mu'awwad, Riyād: Maktabat al-'Ubaykān, 1998.
  • al-Kashshāf  'an ḥaqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī  wujūh al-ta'wīl, 4 vols., Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1998.  2879pp.
  • Tafsīr al-Kashshaf... Beirut: Dar al-Ma`rifa, 2003. 1240pp.

Kashf fī al-Qirā'āt al-`Ashar ("On the Variant Readings of the Qur'ān")

  • Kashf fī al-Qirā'āt al-`Ashar ("On the Variant Readings of the Qur'ān"). ADD.

Aḥmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Munayyir (d.683/1284), a Maliki opponent of Zamakhshari's Mu`tazilite theological orientation, wrote a refutation entitled,

  • Kitāb al-Inṣāf min al-Kashshāf. sometimes printed on the margins of the commentary Kashshāf.

 'Abd al-Karîm al-Yāfï,

  • Kitab sırat al-Zamakhshari, in RAAD, lvii (1982), 365-82.

Muṣṭafa al-Ṣawī al-Juwaynī,

  • Manhaj al-Zamakhshari fī tafsīr al-Kur'ān, Cairo 1959.

 al-Ḥūfī,  A.M.

  • al-Zamakhshari, Cairo 1966.

Yüksel, A.

  •  al-Zamakhshari's life and a critical edition of his Diwan,  (Thesis, Durham) 1979.

Schmidtke, S.

  • A Mu'tazilite creed of az-Zamahsari, Stuttgart 1997.

Lane, Andrew J.

  • A Traditional Mu`tazalite Qur'ān Commentary: The Kashshaf of Jar Allah Al-Zamakhshari (d.583/1144) (= Texts and Studies on the Qur'ān. 2). Brill Academic Pubishers, 2005. ISBN = 9004147004 (418pp.).


al-Zuhailī  Wahb       (d. ADD/ADD).

  •  al-Tafsīr al-Munir. Beirut+ Damascus, XXXX/1991.

al-Zurqānī, Muhammad 'Abd al-'Azīm (d. 1122/1710?),

  • Manāhil al-īrfān fī `ulūm al-Qurān. 2 vols. Cairo: ADD. 2 vols.  1362/1943.

  • Manāhil al-'irfān fl 'ulûm al-Qur'ān, 2 vols., Cairo: Dar Ihya' al-Kutub al-'Arabiyya, n.d.

Zayd ibn `Alī (c. 78-120 AH = c. XXX-XXX CE).

  • Tafsīr al-Shahīd Zayd ibn `Alī  al-musamma Tafsīr Gharīb al-Qur'ān. ed. Hasan Muhammad Taqi al-Ḥakīm. Beirut: Dar al-`Alamiyya, 1412/1992 (438pp.)


Zayd ibn Thabit (d. c. 34-5/655 or d. c. 45/665). See EI2 vol. 11: ADD.

According to  select traditions found, for example, in Bukhari, Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud Zayd ibn Thabit was a key figure in the collection of the Qur'ān in the period of the Caliph Uthmān ibn `Affān (d. 35/656). As secretary to the Prophet Muhammad he is believed to have copied, complied and edited the Qur'ān. See  al-Tabari, Jāmi` al-Bayān I: 50-61; the art. in EI2 vol. 11: ADD.

  • ADD