The Khuṭbas or
Sermons of the Bāb
IN PROGRESS 2006-7
background of the Khuṭba
form is important in both Shi`ism and the Bābī religion often
indicating an Arabic `oration'
which is more than just a sermonic, homiletic type discourse, in being a
weighty composition of
Among the important Shi`i Khuṭbas known to
the Bab and influential upon his early claims is the doctrinally weighty Khuṭbat al-ṭutunjiyya (Sermon of the Gulf). This quasi-ghuluww ("extremist") sermon
is believed to have been delivered between Kufa and Medina by the first
Imam `Alī b. Abi Ṭālib (d. 40/66)(Rajab al-Bursī, Mashāriq , 166). It
commences as follows:
الهواء وعلق الارجاء
الموتى وامات الاحياء
Praise be to God!
Who hath cleft the firmaments
asunder (cf. Q 21:30), split up the atmosphere, suspended the margins of the heavens
caused the solar luminary
[sun] (ḍiyā') to shine forth,
quickened the dead and made the living to
These opening lines of the
Khuṭbat al-ṭutunjiyya (Sermon of the Gulf) echo portions
of the first khuṭbah of `Ali in the Nahj al-Balagha (Path of Eloquence) compiled
in about 400/1009-10 by Sharīf al-Radī ibn al-Ḥusayn al-Mūsawī (d.406/1015) and are similar to those
Khuṭba jiddah of the Bāb
where we read:
or Sermons of the Bab as listed in his Kitab al-fihrist ("Book of the
Khuṭbas or sermons formed an
important vehicle for the revelations of the Bab from the earleist period.
From late 1844 XX khutbas were written or delivered throughout the
period surrounding the Bab's pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina and his return
to Persia in 1845. This is clear from the Kitab al-fihrist (Book of the
Index) of the Bab which was written on 15th Jumada II 1261 AH or
June 21st 1845 CE and his ADD . Therein we find reference to the
Two khuṭbas revealed in Bushire՝ : Mss. =
(1) Tehran, INBA 4011C, pp. 341-48 (2) Tehran, INBA 5006C, pp. 359-63
Khuṭba revealed in Banakān' No surviving
'Khuṭba revealed in Kanakān' : Mss. = (1.)
Tehran, ΓΝΒΑ 4011C, pp. 351-58 (2). Tehran, INBA 5006C, pp. 355-59.
Khuṭba on the
`Īd al-Fiṭr (= 1st Shawwal
1260 at end of Ramadan = 1st October 1844?), a Khuṭba
wrilten in Masqat) 1. Tehran, INHA 4011C, pp. 359-96 2. Tehran, INBA 5(X)6C,
Jidda (The Sermon at Jeddah), Text and Translation: INBMC 91:60-74.
Kh-Jidda = Khuṭba at Jeddah.
Mss. = (1) Tehran, INBA 5006C, 330-35 (2)
Tehran, INBA 3036C, 404ff (3) INBMC 91:60-74.
Khuṭba on the sufferings of the Imam
Husayn' (= Khuṭba fi'I safına) (1). Tehran, IΝΒΑ 5006C, pp. 317-20
(2) INBMC 91:
Three khuṭbas revealed on the way to
Mecca' .Not extant?
Khuṭba for Mullā Ḥusayn revealed on board
ship' (?= 'a khuṭba revealed in Jidda at the time of his embarkation on the
ship') 1. Tehran, IΝΒΑ 4011C, pp. 348-51 2. Tehran, IΝΒΑ 5006C, pp. 339-40
Kh- Huruf = Khuṭba on `ilm al-ḥurūf
: Mss. = (1) Tehran, INBA 5006C, pp. 315-17 (2) Tehran, INBA 6004C, pp.
209-213 (3) Tehran, INBMC 67, pp. 228-33
the `ilm al-ḥuruf ("The gnosis of the Letters").
. Tehran, INBA 5006C, pp. 315-17 [2.] Tehran,
INBA 6004C, pp. 209-213 [3.] Tehran, INBMC 67, pp. 228-33 
Khuṭba revealed one stage from Medina' 1.
Tehran, INBA 5006C, pp. 322-24
(xi) Two khuṭbas revealed near the
staging-post of al-Safra' 1. Tehran, ΓΝΒΑ 5006C, pp. 320-22 and 324-26.
see Kitab al-Fihrist + Sources,
Khutbas associated with Tafsir and other works of the Bab
Khutba associated with the
Tafsir Surat al-Baqara of the Bab (late 1843)
Khuṭba prefaced to
the Tafsĩr Sürat al-kawthar (Q. ) of the Bab (1845) See ADD
Other Khutbas of the Bab
Kh-Qahriyya. = Khuṭba-yi qahriyya
(The Sermon of Wrath). Tehran, INBA 4012C, pp. 1-13 + INBMC 64:127-150.(2)
2. Iran, INBMC 64, pp. 127-50 + Princeton Ms.
(x) 'A khufba [written] one stage from Medina' 1. Tehran, INBA
5006C, pp. 322-24
(xi) Two khufbas [written] near the staging-post of al-Safra' 1.
Tehran, ΓΝΒΑ 5006C, pp. 320-22 and 324-26
(xii) A khufba written as a preface to the Tafsĩr Sürat al-kawthar
(see under that title)